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Auditory Nerve Test System During Vestibular Schwannoma Resection (ANTS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04241679
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 27, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 12, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cameron Wick, Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The Auditory Nerve Test System (ANTS) is a novel device that stimulates the auditory nerve much like a cochlear implant. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate feasibility of the ANTS during translabyrinthine surgery for vestibular schwannoma resection. If the auditory nerve is kept intact, then the patients will also receive a cochlear implant at the same time potentially alleviating the morbidities caused by a vestibular schwannoma and asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vestibular Schwannoma Acoustic Neuroma Sensorineural Hearing Loss Asymmetric Sensorineural Hearing Loss Cochlear Nerve Damage Cochlear Nerve Deafness Skull Base Neoplasms Auditory; Nerve Device: Auditory Nerve Test System Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Many patients diagnosed with a vestibular schwannoma (also called acoustic neuroma) eventually lose hearing in the afflicted ear. Improvements in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have led to tumors being diagnosed at smaller sizes, however, this has not changed the eventual demise in hearing for most patients. Hearing loss leads to tinnitus, poor sound localization, difficulty hearing in background noise, and imbalance all of which contribute to the decreased quality of life associated with a vestibular schwannoma diagnosis.

Some tumors may be resected while maintaining the integrity of the auditory nerve. When a patient has hearing, the health of the auditory nerve can be monitored during the surgery through auditory-evoked (sound) measurements. When a patient has already lost their hearing or the surgical approach sacrifices all residual hearing, then auditory-evoked measurements can no longer be used and there is no way to monitor the auditory nerve aside from visual inspection.

The Auditory Nerve Test System (ANTS) is a novel device designed to facilitate electrically-evoked auditory nerve monitoring. The ANTS is comprised of three parts: a test electrode, connector cable, and stimulator box. The test electrode functions like a mini-cochlear implant placed within the cochlea during a translabyrinthine surgery. During tumor resection the test electrode electrically stimulates the auditory nerve allowing surgeons to monitor electrophysiologic data on the health of the auditory nerve. The primary goal of this study is to assess the ANTS during translabyrinthine vestibular schwannoma resections.

If patient are able to maintain an intact auditory nerve following vestibular schwannoma resection then a cochlear implant will be placed during the same surgery. Secondary outcomes measures will investigate cochlear implant outcomes and patient quality of life following this procedure and over the first year of using their cochlear implant. These secondary outcomes will be measured at 3-months, 6-months, and 12-months following cochlear implant activation. The test will assess how well the cochlear implant is working, the cochlear implant's impact on sound localization and hearing in background noise, and finally various aspects relevant to the patient's quality of life (tinnitus, balance, hearing, and overall quality of life).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single arm study of 10 patients with no serviceable hearing due to small or medium sized vestibular schwannomas undergoing translabyrinthine resection.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Device Feasibility
Official Title: Feasibility of Auditory Nerve Test System for Optimization of Simultaneous Translabyrinthine Vestibular Schwannoma Resection With Cochlear Implantation
Actual Study Start Date : January 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention Group
Patients undergoing a translabyrinthine approach for vestibular schwannoma resection will have the health of their auditory nerve monitored during tumor dissection. If the auditory nerve is visually confirmed to be intact, then concurrent cochlear implantation will be performed.
Device: Auditory Nerve Test System

The Auditory Nerve Test System provides an electrically-evoked signal from within the cochlea to facilitate intraoperative auditory nerve monitoring. The auditory nerve can be measured both at the root entry zone of the brainstem (eCNAP) and with scalp electrodes (eABR). Data on the health of the auditory nerve will be collected immediately prior to tumor dissection, during tumor dissection, and immediately after tumor dissection. The main purpose of this study is to determine feasibility of this novel intraoperative monitoring protocol.

Secondarily, if the auditory nerve is visually confirmed to be intact following tumor resection then the patients will receive a cochlear implant during the same surgery.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Auditory Nerve Electrophysiology [ Time Frame: Intraoperative testing ]
    Reliability of electrically-evoked direct auditory nerve monitoring at the brainstem (eCNAP) and far-field auditory brainstem response (eABR). The auditory nerve signal will be monitored before, during, and after vestibular schwannoma resection. Elements like signal amplitude, latency, and preservation of eABR waveforms III and V will be measured.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cochlear Implant Speech Performance [ Time Frame: 3-months and 12-months after cochlear implant activation ]
    Speech performance measured in the CI-only condition using CNC Words, AzBio Sentences in Quiet, and AzBio Sentences in +10 dB SNR.

  2. Sound Localization [ Time Frame: Initial cochlear implant activation, then repeated at 6-months and 12-months after activation. ]
    Using an audio booth that contains a sound arc, patients will be asked to identify where a sound is coming from in the implant-on and implant-off conditions. This ability to localize is measured with a root-mean-square (RMS) error rate.

  3. Quality of Life Following Vestibular Schwannoma Resection [ Time Frame: Pre-operative baseline, then 3-months and 12-months post-operative ]
    Diagnosis and treatment of vestibular schwannomas can impact multiple aspects of a patient's quality of life. Using patient-reported outcome measures these aspects will be measured throughout their treatment course. The specific questionnaires will be: Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing (SSQ), Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality of Life (PANQOL), Cochlear Implant Quality of Life (CIQOL).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Vestibular schwannoma (sporadic or Neurofibromastosis Type-2)
  • 12 years of age or older
  • Tumor size < 2.5 cm
  • Non-serviceable ipsilateral hearing
  • No prior cochlear implant or auditory brainstem implant use
  • No prior microsurgery or stereotactic radiation for this tumor
  • Patient decision and medical clearance for a translabyrinthine approach for tumor resection
  • Willingness to comply with research protocol
  • Reasonable expectations of cochlear implant performance
  • Auditory nerve integrity visually confirmed following tumor resection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pathology/tumors other than a vestibular schwannoma
  • Younger than 12 years of age
  • Tumor size > 2.5 cm
  • Serviceable hearing in the tumor ear
  • Prior cochlear implant use in either the contralateral or ipsilateral ear
  • Prior microsurgery or stereotactic radiation for this tumor
  • Unwilling to comply with research protocol
  • Auditory nerve integrity cannot be visually confirmed after tumor resection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04241679

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United States, Missouri
Washington University
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
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Principal Investigator: Cameron C Wick, MD Washington University School of Medicine
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Responsible Party: Cameron Wick, Assistant Professor, Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04241679    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201910197
G190197 ( Other Identifier: FDA - Investigational Device Exemption )
First Posted: January 27, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2022
Last Verified: December 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Keywords provided by Cameron Wick, Washington University School of Medicine:
Cochlear implant
Vestibular schwannoma
Acoustic Neuroma
Sensorineural hearing loss
Asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss
Single-sided deafness
Auditory nerve
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroma, Acoustic
Skull Base Neoplasms
Hearing Loss
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Hearing Disorders
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Cranial Nerve Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases
Retrocochlear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Cranial Nerve Diseases
Skull Neoplasms
Bone Neoplasms