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Major Adverse Limb Events in Patients With Femoro-popliteal and Below-the-knee Peripheral Arterial Disease Treated With Either Sirolimus-coated Balloon or Standard Uncoated Balloon Angioplasty

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04238546
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nils Kucher, University of Zurich

Brief Summary:
The SirPAD trial is an academic, investigator-initiated, single-center, randomized, non-inferiority, open-label clinical trial investigating whether the use of sirolimus-coated balloon catheters in patients with peripheral artery disease of the femoro-popliteal or below-the-knee segment is not inferior to that of uncoated balloon catheters for major clinical outcomes (unplanned major amputation, target limb re-vascularization) and may provide advantages concerning important secondary outcomes, which will be evaluated using a pre-specified hierarchical order as part of the primary analysis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Peripheral Arterial Disease Device: sirolimus-coated balloon catheter Device: uncoated balloon catheter Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a progressive atherosclerotic disease with symptoms ranging from intermittent claudication (IC) to critical limb ischemia (CLI). The majority of symptomatic PAD patients present with atherosclerotic lesions located in the femoro-popliteal arteries and endovascular therapy is the primary choice if the stenosis/occlusions involve <25 cm of the vessel. A minority of symptomatic PAD patients would present with infra-popliteal (distal or below-the-knee) lesions: in these patients, the endovascular treatment is challenging.

Drug-coated balloons (DCB) and drug-eluting stents (DES) were developed to prevent neo-intimal proliferation and restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), an objective which had been achieved by the local application of either cytostatic (e.g. paclitaxel - a cytoskeletal disruptor) or immunosuppressive (e.g. sirolimus/everolimus - both mTOR inhibitors) substances on the vessel wall.

Over the past decade, a few randomized controlled trials (RCT) compared the efficacy and safety of drug-coated (mainly paclitaxel-coated) devices vs. that of uncoated ones, and demonstrated a significant reduction in restenosis rates, late lumen loss, and incidence of target lesion re-vascularization. However, the size of these trials was often too small to draw firm conclusions concerning major clinical outcomes. Moreover, substantial heterogeneity of the study populations and too restrictive eligibility criteria limited their external validity, leading to a difficult interpretation of the results of later meta-analyses. Indeed, these trials adopted as the primary outcome surrogate (and rather subjective) outcomes, such as vessel patency and target limb re-vascularization, which may be difficult to objectively adjudicate in the setting of an open-label trial, rather than ´hard´ objective clinical endpoints, such as major amputation or urgent revascularization due to critical limb ischemia.

Moreover, despite the short-term effects appeared promising based on imaging outcome, tthe results of a recent meta-analysis of 28 trials showed an increased two-year mortality in the group of patients treated with paclitaxel-coated balloons. Based on these results, and after analysis of follow-up data from the trials that led to the approval of these products, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel concluded that, despite the short-term benefits with paclitaxel-based devices, safety concerns may exist for mid-term mortality risk.

Alternative drug candidates to paclitaxel-coated balloon catheters are the so-called limus-based analogs, which own cytostatic properties and are characterized by a wider therapeutic window. Recently, a novel balloon catheter has been CE-certified: it encapsulates sirolimus in phospholipid drug nanocarriers to improve adhesion properties of sirolimus and to provide better bioavailability. Similarly to paclitaxel-coated and uncoated devices, sirolimus-coated devices are currently approved for routine use in PAD and reimbursed in Switzerland.

The aim of the present trial is to compare the efficacy, as defined by a composite of clinically relevant non-subjective ´hard´ outcomes (major amputation and target lesion re-vascularization for critical limb ischemia), of sirolimus-coated vs. uncoated balloon angioplasty for peripheral artery disease in patients scheduled for infra-inguinal re-vascularization and selected based on a very limited number of inclusion criteria (all comers) aiming at maximization of external validity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Major Adverse Limb Events in Patients With Femoro-popliteal and Below-the-knee Peripheral Arterial Disease Treated With Either Sirolimus-coated Balloon or Standard Uncoated Balloon Angioplasty
Actual Study Start Date : November 3, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Sirolimus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sirolimus-coated group Device: sirolimus-coated balloon catheter
angioplasty with sirolimus-coated balloon catheter

Active Comparator: Uncoated group Device: uncoated balloon catheter
angioplasty with uncoated balloon catheter




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. unplanned major amputation of the target limb [ Time Frame: one year ]
    An unplanned major amputation is defined as any amputation above the ankle on the target limb, which was not planned or not expectable at the time of screening or randomization. Patients with scheduled amputation undergoing re-vascularization to improve wound healing are referred to as planned amputation and will not count for the primary outcome

  2. endovascular or surgical target lesion re-vascularization for critical limb ischemia [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Critical limb ischemia is defined according to a Fontaine stage (classes III-IV)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. composite of unplanned (major or minor) index-limb amputations or any target lesion re-vascularization within 365 days after enrolment [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Unplanned major amputation at is defined analogously to the definition used for the primary efficacy endpoint



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years
  • Patients requiring endovascular angioplasty for PAD located below the inguinal ligament
  • Written informed consent obtained from participant or legal guardian prior to randomization; in patients requiring emergency interventional treatment who are temporarily not capable of providing informed consent, consent will be subsequently obtained after the procedure if strict conditions apply. These include the assessment of the presumed will and patient decree, and requires the allocation of an independent physician

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or planned pregnancy within the trial period or women of childbearing potential not using an adequate method of contraception
  • Patients with known intolerance or allergy to sirolimus
  • Participation in this or other clinical trials during the previous 3 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04238546


Contacts
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Contact: Rebecca Spescha, Dr.sc.nat 0041432530371 rebecca.spescha@usz.ch

Locations
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Switzerland
University hospital zurich Recruiting
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Contact: Nils Kucher, Prof.    +41442552671    nils.kucher@usz.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nils Kucher
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Responsible Party: Nils Kucher, Prof. Dr. med., University of Zurich
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04238546    
Other Study ID Numbers: SirPAD Trial
First Posted: January 23, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 5, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Sirolimus
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs