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RICE: Radio-Immuno-Chemotherapy of Cancer of the Esophagus (RICE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04159974
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Zander, University of Cologne

Brief Summary:
A phase II trial to evaluate safety and efficacy of adding durvalumab (MEDI4736) to standard neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and of adjuvant durvalumab +/- tremelimumab in locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma and to evaluate biomarkers predictive for response to immune checkpoint inhibition

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Drug: Durvalumab 50 MG/ML Drug: Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Short Study Title: RICE - Radio-Immuno-Chemotherapy of Cancer of the Esophagus

Study Phase: Phase II

Research hypothesis: The investigators aim at evaluating if (I) esophageal cancer is susceptible to immunotherapeutic approaches based on interference with the PD1 / PDL1 axis, if (II) treatment of locally advanced tumors by immunotherapeutic approaches increases cure rate and if (III) combination with radiotherapy is feasible and increases anti-tumor immunity.

Primary Objectives: The primary objective is to evaluate safety and efficacy (measured by an increase of pathological complete response rate from 20% to 35%) of the fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody durvalumab targeting the programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in combination with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, followed by surgery for locally advanced esophageal cancer and cancer of the gastric esophageal junction (GEJ).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 56 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Adding Durvalumab (MEDI4736) to Standard Neoadjuvant Radiochemotherapy and of Adjuvant Durvalumab +/- Tremelimumab in Locally Advanced Esophageal Adenocarcinoma and to Evaluate Biomarkers Predictive for Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibition
Actual Study Start Date : September 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Durvalumab
Treatment arm A will receive durvalumab IV in a dosage of 1500mg every four weeks for 12 months as mono therapy.
Drug: Durvalumab 50 MG/ML
IV Infusion

Experimental: Durvalumab + Tremelimumab
Treatment arm B receives durvalumab in a dosage of 1500mg every 4 weeks (-3/+7 days) for 12 months post-surgery. In addition these patients receive tremelimumab IV in a fixed dose of 75mg for the first four months on day 1; 29; 57; 85 (-3/+7).
Drug: Durvalumab 50 MG/ML
IV Infusion

Drug: Tremelimumab
IV Infusion, Combination with Durvalumab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of Safety and efficacy (measured by an increase of pathological complete response rate) [ Time Frame: Calculated once at the end of study (24 months after the end of treatment) ]
    The primary objective is to evaluate safety and efficacy (measured by an increase of pathological complete response rate from 20% to 35%) of the fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody durvalumab targeting the programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in combination with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, followed by surgery for locally advanced esophageal cancer and cancer of the gastric esophageal junction (GEJ).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of Best Objective Response (BOR) as defined by RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST criteria after neoadjuvant treatment [ Time Frame: Determined once after neoadjuvant treatment (up to 12 weeks after study start) ]
    To determine the Best Objective Response (BOR) as defined by RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST criteria after neoadjuvant treatment

  2. Determination of Progression Free Survival (PFS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment [ Time Frame: Until 24 months after the end of treatment ]

    To determine Progression Free Survival (PFS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment.

    PFS is defined as PFS from treatment start to first detection of disease progression.


  3. Determination of Disease Free Survival (DFS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment [ Time Frame: Until 24 months after the end of treatment ]

    To determine Disease Free Survival (DFS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment.

    DFS is defined as DFS from time of surgery to first detection of disease progression.


  4. Determination of Overall Survival (OS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment [ Time Frame: From the study start until the date of death, assessed up to 240 months ]

    To determine Overall Survival (OS) in durvalumab vs. durvalumab + tremelimumab adjuvant treatment.

    OS is defined as OS from treatment start to death.


  5. Assessment of the subject's esophageal-cancer-related quality of life using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Esophageal (FACT-E) questionnaire [ Time Frame: Until 24 months after the end of treatment ]

    To assess the subject's esophageal-cancer-related quality of life using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Esophageal (FACT-E) questionnaire.

    The questionnaire will be done by interview administration at screening, visit 5 during neoadjuvant treatment, before surgery, after randomization before start of adjuvant treatment and after then every 12 weeks at the time of tumor staging also in the follow-up phase.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Written Informed Consent

    1. Study participants must have signed and dated an IEC approved written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained before the performance of any protocol-related procedures that are not part of normal study participant care.
    2. Study participants must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.
  • Target Population

    1. Histologically confirmed, resectable adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or cardia/gastric esophageal junction (uT3, cNx, cM0), with the following specifications:

    1. Medical and technical operability, according to the techniques described in Section 2.1.3.2.
    2. No preceding cytotoxic or targeted therapy
    3. No prior partial or complete tumor resection
  • Male or female patients ≥ 18 years of age at time of study entry
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-1
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 months
  • Study participants must be willing to undergo at least 2 biopsies (baseline and after neoadjuvant treatment and optional in progression)
  • Adequate normal organ and marrow function as defined below. Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained within 28 days prior to registration WBC ≥ 1500/μL Neutrophils ≥ 1000/μL Platelets ≥ 75 x103/μL Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN or calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault)

Males:

Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

Females:

Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

AST/ALT (SGOT/SGPT) ≤ 2,5 x institutional ULN Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN (except study participants with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)

  • Body weight > 30kg
  • Reproductive Status Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception and must agree to use adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30 days plus the time required for durvalumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of study drug.

Appropriate methods of contraception are:

  • female sterilization or tubal ligation (at least 6 weeks prior to the start of the study treatment),
  • male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to the start of the study treatment) and/or
  • a combination of a hormonal method of contraception with a barrier method or/and
  • an intrauterine device or system

    • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of β-HCG) within one until two weeks prior to the start of durvalumab at time of neoadjuvant treatment and after surgery before starting adjuvant treatment.
    • Women will be not be considered to be of childbearing potential if they are post-menopausal and/or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy). To be considered post-menopausal the appropriate age-specific requirements have to be met:

Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution.

Women ≥ 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago.

  • Women must not be breastfeeding.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving durvalumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP must be willing to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 month post treatment completion.
  • Sexually active men receiving durvalumab must use a condom, even if vasectomized, to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Study participants with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
  • Prior treatment with chemotherapy, targeted therapy or radiotherapy for treatment of advanced cancer disease less than 5 years
  • Enrollment is possible for patients with:

    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  • Any other serious or uncontrolled medical disorder, active infections, physical exam findings, laboratory finding, altered mental status, or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit a study participant's ability to comply with the study requirements, substantially increase risk to the study participant, or impact the interpretability or study results
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

Patients with vitiligo or alopecia Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy Patients without active autoimmune or inflammatory disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with study physician Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10mg daily prednisone equivalent are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.

  • History of active primary immunodeficiency
  • History of any allogenic organ transplantation with currently intake of immune suppressive treatment
  • Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
  • Patients with interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity. FEV 1 < 75%
  • Patients has known current symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP.
  • Prisoners or study participants who are involuntarily incarcerated
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding females
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab monotherapy or 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab + tremelimumab combination therapy.
  • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction:

History of allergy to study drug components History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody

• Current treatment within another therapeutic clinical trial with experimental and not approved drugs and treatment combinations.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04159974


Contacts
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Contact: Thomas Zander, PD Dr. med +49 221 478 ext 87009 thomas.zander@uk-koeln.de
Contact: Hans A Schlößer, PD. Dr. med +49 221 478 ext 4803 hans.schloesser@uk-koeln.de

Locations
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Germany
University of Cologne Recruiting
Cologne, Germany, 50937
Contact: Thomas Zander, PD Dr. med.    +49 221 478 ext 87009    thomas.zander@uk-koeln.de   
Contact: Anja Juehling, Dr. med.    +49 221 478 ext 30949    anja.juehling@uk-koeln.de   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cologne
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas Zander, PD Dr. med University of Cologne
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Responsible Party: Thomas Zander, Principal Investigator, University of Cologne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04159974    
Other Study ID Numbers: UNI-Koeln-3571
DRKS00015218 ( Registry Identifier: DRKS )
2018-003048-22 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 12, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Esophageal Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Durvalumab
Tremelimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents