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Recombinant Interleukin-7 (CYT107) to Treat Patients With Refractory Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease (IMPULSE-7)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04154826
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Washington University School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Revimmune

Brief Summary:
A prospective, single-center, single-blinded study involving patients with refractory nontuberculous mycobacteria lung disease to ascertain pharmacokinetics, safety, efficacy, and tolerability of two dose levels of parenteral administration of recombinant Interleukin-7 (IL-7) (CYT107).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous Drug: Recombinant human interleukin-7 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

A single center, randomized, phase II, single blinded, two-dose level trial aimed at testing anti-mycobacterial activity of CYT107 in patients with non-tuberculous mycobacteria lung disease (NTMLD).

A total of 12 evaluable NTMLD patients from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis will be recruited and randomized 6:6 to study drug treatment at either 10μg/kg/wk or 20μg/kg/wk for two 4-week treatment periods.

The randomization will be stratified based on the presence of pulmonary cavitaries. A maximum of three patients with pulmonary cavitary disease will be allocated to each group.

A potential study extension is envisioned in the United Kingdom, in which case the protocol would be amended to increase the targeted enrollment and number of participating centers.

The aim of this trial is detection of an immuno-therapeutic response in patients with refractory NTMLD and to determine the potential rate of response and tolerance of CYT107 using two dose levels that indicated good immune response in other pathologies such as HIV, HCV, sepsis and various cancers.

For patients with refractory NTMLD, a control group is not beneficial as the standard of care treatment results are already known and documented.

All serious adverse events (SAEs) will be reported within 24 hours of notification

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Two dose level parallel groups
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Recombinant Interleukin-7 (CYT107) to Treat Patients With Refractory Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease. Two Doses Phase II, Single Center, Open-label Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : October 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 6, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: low dose
CYT107 10µg/kg/week for 4 weeks (wk1-4) followed by no treatment during 4 weeks (wk 5-8) CYT107 10µg/kg/week for 4 weeks (wk9-12)
Drug: Recombinant human interleukin-7
weekly intra-muscular (IM) administration
Other Name: CYT107

Experimental: high dose
CYT107 20µg/kg/week for 4 weeks (wk1-4) followed by no treatment during 4 weeks (wk 5-8) CYT107 20µg/kg/week for 4 weeks (wk9-12)
Drug: Recombinant human interleukin-7
weekly intra-muscular (IM) administration
Other Name: CYT107




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of the proportion of subjects with Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) sputum culture conversion to negative at day 180. [ Time Frame: six months ]
    Percentage of participants with 3 consecutive monthly, negative Acid Fast Bacilli sputum cultures at any time within first 6 months


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy by kinetic of AFB sputum culture conversion to negative. [ Time Frame: one year ]
    number of patients with negative sputum conversion measured at days 28, 56, 84, 112, 140, 180, 240, 300, and 360.

  2. Improvement of functional capacity response assessed by the median change in the 6-minute walk distance compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Increase in 6-minute walking distance measured at days 84, 180 and 360 over baseline distance

  3. Improvement of functional capacity response assessed by the median change in oxygen saturation compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Increase in oxygen saturation measured at days 84, 180 and 360 over baseline value

  4. Pulmonary function response measured by the median improvement in the Forced expiratory volume during the first second (FEV1). [ Time Frame: one year ]
    ratio of Forced Expiratory Volume during the first second (FEV1) measured at days 180 and 360 over the same measure at baseline.

  5. Radiological response on chest CT compared to baseline [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Surface area of lung involved by clinical chest computerized tomography (CT) scans at days 180 and 360 compared to baseline

  6. Improvement of Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) [ Time Frame: one year ]

    Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS-29 ) measured at days 56, 84, 180, 300 and 360 and compared to baseline.

    (The mean healthy population score is 50. The score increases with worsening medical condition.)


  7. Number of hospital readmissions [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Cumulated Number of hospital (Intensive care unit or emergency room ) visits at days 56, 84, 180, 300 and 360

  8. C max (maximal plasma concentration) pharmacokinetic of CYT107 in this population [ Time Frame: One day ]
    At Day 1 and Day 78 measure of CYT107 Cmax

  9. Plasma concentration area under curve (AUC) pharmacokinetic of CYT107 in this population [ Time Frame: One day ]
    At Day 1 and Day 78 measure of CYT107 AUC

  10. Clinical tolerance of CYT107 indicated by the study drop-out rate (%) regardless of the cause. [ Time Frame: six months ]
    Percentage of patients who dropout of the study at days 28, 84, 180

  11. Proportion of patients developing any grade 3-4 adverse events or deaths [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Percentage of patients with grade 3-4 adverse events (assessed by CTCAE version 5.0) or deaths through day 360.

  12. Measure of CYT107 immunogenicity [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Number of patients with presence of binding and neutralizing antibodies at day 15, 29, 57, 90 and 120 compared to baseline. Testing for immunogenicity will be repeated at day 180 and again at day 360 only if positive antibodies are detected at previous sampling timepoint.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. IL-7 effect on opportunistic bacterial, viral or fungal infections [ Time Frame: one year ]
    The incidence of new bacterial, fungal, or viral infections requiring medical treatment will be quantitated and captured during the interim history at each visit through Day 360.

  2. IL-7 Effects on immune cells counts [ Time Frame: one year ]
    The absolute lymphocyte, monocyte, and neutrophil counts will be assessed and compared to baseline values at days 28, 56, 84, 180 and one year (about day 360)

  3. IL-7 Effects on CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes [ Time Frame: one year ]
    The absolute CD4+ and CD8+ T cell counts will be assessed and compared to baseline values at days 28, 56, 84, 180 and one year (about day 360)

  4. IL-7 Effects on immune T cell markers [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Peripheral blood cellular immune biomarkers including CD4 and CD8 T cell expression of soluble IL-7 receptor α (CD127), PD-1, and Ki67 and monocyte HLA-DR expression will be assessed at baseline and days 28, 56

  5. IL-7 Effects on circulating cytokines [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Circulating cytokines including Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), IL-6, and IL-10 will be measured by ELISA at baseline, Day 1 and day 56

  6. IL-7 Effects on cellular cytokine production [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    ELISpot assays for stimulated production of Interferon (IFN-γ) and TNF-α will be performed at baseline and days 28, 56 and 84



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males and females aged ≥18 years but <85 years who have given written informed consent to participate
  2. Diagnosis of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease in accordance with the 2007 Infectious DiseasesSociety of America (IDSA) and AmericanThoracic Society (ATS) criteria with evidence of nodular bronchiectatic and/or cavitary disease by chest CT
  3. History of chronic, refractory infection with either Mycobacterium avium complex, defined as:

    1. Persistently positive mycobacterial sputum cultures after 6 or more months of guideline-based treatment (GBT), with at least one positive sputum culture within 2 months prior to the baseline visit and
    2. Currently on a stable guideline-based therapy that has been unchanged for the past 28 days. (GBT defined as a multi-drug regimen containing a macrolide and at least one other antimicrobial with activity against NTM.)
  4. Ability to produce at least 3 mL of sputum or be willing to undergo an induction to produce at least 3 mL of sputum for clinical evaluation
  5. This study permits the re-enrollment of a participant who may have been discontinued as a pre-treatment screen failure prior to study drug treatment.
  6. Age and reproductive status:

    1. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment
    2. Women must not be breastfeeding
    3. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with CYT107 plus 5 half-lives of CYT107 (the terminal half-life of CYT107 is up to 2 days) plus 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle) for a total of 2 months post-treatment completion.
    4. Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with CYT107 plus 5 half-lives of CYT107 plus 90 days (duration of sperm turnover) for a total of 7 months post-treatment completion. In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time.
    5. Azoospermic males are exempt from contraceptive requirements.
    6. WOCBP who are continuously not heterosexually active are also exempt from contraceptive requirements but still must undergo pregnancy testing as described in this section.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Cancer with current chemotherapy or radiotherapy (receipt of chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer within the last 6 months). All patients with current, or history of, hematologic malignancy (including, but not limited to, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), etc.) or lymphoma will be excluded, regardless of receipt of recent chemotherapy
  2. Active pulmonary tuberculosis requiring concomitant treatment at the time of screening
  3. Patients with history or current evidence of autoimmune disease including for example: myasthenia gravis, Guillain Barre syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, autoimmune hepatitis, Wegener's etc.
  4. Patients who have received solid organ transplant or bone marrow transplant
  5. Known history of infection with HIV or HIV positive test at screening
  6. Known history of chronic HBV (hepatitis B viral) infection and not on treatment with HBV nucleoside analogues prior to the current hospitalization or HBV DNA > 100 IU/mL
  7. Known history of infection with HCV (hepatitis C virus) and currently undergoing treatment for HCV infections or has detectable HCV RNA
  8. History of splenectomy
  9. Any hematologic disease associated with hypersplenism, such as thalassemia, hereditary spherocytosis, Gaucher's Disease, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  10. Significant liver or renal dysfunction as evidence by at least 5 times greater than the upper limits of normal baseline ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase), alkaline phosphatase, or total bilirubin.
  11. Evidence of biliary cirrhosis with portal hypertension
  12. Participation in another investigational interventional study testing a drug or a medical device concurrently or within the last 28 days prior to study entry
  13. Patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs or concurrent immunotherapy or biologic agents; including: growth factors, cytokines and interleukins other than the study medication: Interleukin-2, Interferons α, β and γ, GM-CSF, G-CSF (colony stimulating factors), HIV vaccines, biologics including TNF alpha inhibitors (i.e. abatacept, adalimumab, anakinra, certolizumab, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab, ixekizumab, natalizumab, rituximab, secukinumab, tocilizumab, ustekinumab, vedolizumab, basiliximab and daclizumab), calcineurin inhibitors, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitors, Janus kinase inhibitors, hydroxyurea, immunoglobulins, adoptive cell therapy
  14. Patients receiving corticosteroids at a dose greater than 300mg hydrocortisone/ day or 25 mgs of prednisone per day or equivalent for more than 3 weeks
  15. Prior exposure to exogenous IL 7
  16. Inability to comply with the study treatment, study visits, and study procedures as assessed by the study PI or delegate
  17. Subjects with hemoptysis of ≥60 mL in a 24 hour period within 4 weeks prior to screening
  18. Addition of any new antimicrobial drug with known activity against Mycobacterium avium complex infection (i.e. amikacin, azithromycin, bedaquiline, clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, clofazimine, ethambutol, eravacycline, levofloxacin, linezolid, moxifloxacin, omadacycline, rifampin, rifabutin, tedizolid, tigecycline tobramycin) within 28 days prior to Study Day 1
  19. Daily continuous oxygen supplementation >4 L/min
  20. Patients unlikely to survive a minimum of 30 days defined by (Systolic blood pressure) SBP<90 or hypoxia <80% SpO2 (oxygen saturation) -

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04154826


Contacts
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Contact: Michel MORRE, DVM +33603357060 mmorre@revimmune.com
Contact: Andrej SPEC, MD 314.747.1725 andrejspec@wustl.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Revimmune
Washington University School of Medicine
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Andrej SPEC, MD Washington University School of Medicine
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Responsible Party: Revimmune
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04154826    
Other Study ID Numbers: IMPULSE-7
First Posted: November 7, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2020
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mycobacterium Infections
Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections