Acupuncture for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy (BCI)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04144309|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Insomnia, Secondary Breast Cancer Female Chemotherapy||Procedure: Electroacupuncture (EA) and Auricular Acupressure (AA) Procedure: Sham Electroacupuncture (SE) and Sham Auricular Acupressure (SA)||Not Applicable|
Insomnia is a frequent and disturbing symptom among cancer patients. Studies have found that cancer treatments, particularly chemotherapy, are a major cause of cancer-related insomnia. However, insomnia is under-treated in most breast cancer patients because effective, safe evidence-based treatments are lacking.
Acupuncture has been used for thousands of years to treat various diseases, including insomnia. Our previous research demonstrated the efficacy and safety of acupuncture as a treatment for insomnia. However, the effect of acupuncture on insomnia in breast cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy has been rarely studied. We propose this randomized controlled trial to examine the feasibility, effect and safety of acupuncture as a treatment for insomnia in breast cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy.
Hypothesis: We hypothesize that acupuncture is a feasible, effective and safe method for the alleviation of insomnia symptoms in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy as compared with a sham control.
Primary Aim: To determine whether the insomnia condition in the acupuncture group is significantly improved when compared to the sham control group, as measured by the ISI after 6 weeks of treatment.
Secondary Aims: 1) To determine whether other sleep-related parameters in the acupuncture group improve more than those of the control group, as measured at different time points by Actiwatch, sleep diary, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer (FACT-B), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) and Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). 2) To assess by adverse event (AE) analysis whether acupuncture is safe for treatment of insomnia in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||138 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||The Effect of Acupuncture for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: A Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 18, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 2022|
Active Comparator: True acupuncture group
12 sessions of acupuncture treatment (EA+AA) will be given twice a week for 6 weeks after randomization, followed by once a month for 3 months, for a total of 15 sessions of treatments.
Procedure: Electroacupuncture (EA) and Auricular Acupressure (AA)
EA: Ten points will be used, including GV24 (Shenting), GV20 (Baihui), EX-HN1 (Sishenchong), PC6 (Neiguan), CV12 (Zhongwan), CV4 (Guanyuan), ST25 (Tianshu), ST36 (Zusanli), SP6 (Sanyinjiao), KI3 (Taixi).
AA: Vaccaria seeds will be embedded by acupuncturists on three auricular points (Shenmen, Sympathetic and Heart) and maintained between EA treatments.
Placebo Comparator: Sham acupuncture group
12 sessions of sham acupuncture treatment (SE+SA) will be given twice a week for 6 weeks after randomization, followed by once a month for 3 months, for a total of 15 sessions of treatments.
Procedure: Sham Electroacupuncture (SE) and Sham Auricular Acupressure (SA)
SE: The sham acupuncture treatment procedure, including the acupoint selection principle, sterilization procedure and treatment schedule, will be the same as in the acupuncture treatment group, except that sham points 1 to 2 cm exterior and inferior to the real points will be used, and no needle penetration or electric stimulation will be performed.
SA: Three sham auricular points in the helix region (HX7, HX8, HX9) will be selected. Instead of Vaccaria seeds, soft Junci Medulla (1 to 2 mm in length, dyed black) will be used to mimic real AA with no pressure.
- Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The primary outcome will be the change of ISI score between the baseline and the end of the 6-week treatment. The ISI is a seven-item questionnaire devised to diagnose and assess the severity of insomnia.
- Actiwatch [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week. ]The subjects will wear Actiwatch for 1 week at baseline period and the end of 6-week treatment.
- Sleep diary [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week. ]Subjects will be given daily sleep diary for 1 week at baseline period and the end of 6-week treatment.
- Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The PSQI is a reliable and valid self-reported questionnaire that assesses sleep quality over 1 month.
- Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The HADS, a 14-item self-rated questionnaire, evaluates the severity of depressive and anxiety symptoms.
- Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The BFI is a brief screening tool designed to assess the severity and impact of cancer-related fatigue on daily functioning.
- Brief Fatigue Inventory (BPI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The BPI is a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess cancer pain.
- Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer (FACT-B) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 week, 6 week, 10 week, 14 week, 18 week, 30 week, 42 week. ]The FACT-B is a patient-reported outcome measure used to assess health-related quality of life in breast cancer patients.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04144309
|Contact: Zhang-Jin ZHANG, MMed, PhD||+852 3917 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Jia-Ling ZHANG, M.B., M.Med||+852 9249 email@example.com|
|Department of Clinical Oncology, Queen Mary Hospital||Recruiting|
|Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 999077|
|Contact: Tsz-Him SO, MBBS, BCM +852 2255 4352 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Tsz-Him SO, MBBS, BCM|
|Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital||Recruiting|
|Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 999077|
|Contact: Tien-Yee CHANG, MBBS, PDipID +852 2255 7999 Amy.TY.Chang@hksh.com|
|Principal Investigator: Tien-Yee CHANG, MBBS, PDipID|
|Principal Investigator:||Zhang-Jin ZHANG, MMed, PhD||The University of Hong Kong|