The Effects of Health Coaching for Frequent Attenders (HCFA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04134858|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 22, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Health Behavior||Other: The nurse-led health coaching program||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||110 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||The experimental and control group|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||The Effectiveness of Health Coaching for Frequent Attenders in the Primary Healthcare|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 1, 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 1, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2016|
Experimental: The health coaching group
The experimental group (n = 52) consisted of frequent attenders who had chosen the health-coaching program. The intervention was based on the customized nurse-led health-coaching program. The program consisted of an individual health-coaching nurse, health-coaching sessions and a written action plan according to each participant´s individual needs.
Other: The nurse-led health coaching program
The intervention was based on the customized nurse-led health-coaching program. The program consisted of an individual health-coaching nurse, health-coaching sessions and a written action plan according to each participant´s individual needs.
No Intervention: The control group
The control group consisted of 58 frequent attenders. They, along with the experimental group, received the usual care regarding their health problems from the physicians and nurses at the primary healthcare centres if they needed it. The usual care for frequent attenders included assessment for the need of treatment, physical examination, problem assessment, laboratory and X-ray tests, medical advice and patient support and education during their visits.
- The health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The health-related quality of life was measured using the validated Finnish version of the RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0 (RAND-36). The 36-item self-report instrument consists of eight separate scales of quality of life: (1) physical functioning (10 items), (2) physical role functioning (four items), (3) emotional role functioning (three items), (4) social role functioning (two items), (5) bodily pain (two items), (6) mental health (five items), (7) energy (four items) and (8) general health (five items). The scores were calculated in a two-step process using the instructions provided by Ware et al. (1994) in the user´s manual. First, all items were scored on a scale from 0 to 100. A higher score defines a better health or function. Second, items in the same scale were averaged together to create the eight scale scores. Scale scores represented the average for all items in the scale.
- Adherence to health regimens [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Adherence was measured using the Adherence of People with Chronic Disease Instrument (ACDI) (Kyngäs, 1999), a 38-item self-report instrument that has been used to measure adherence to health regimens among people with chronic disease
- Lifestyle factors [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The secondary outcomes were lifestyle factors. The baseline and follow-up questionnaires gathered data on the frequent attenders' alcohol consumption, smoking behaviour, and physical activity. They were based on a customized variant of the national FINRISK 2012 questionnaire
- The clinical health outcomes: Weight [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Weight in kilograms (kg)
- The clinical health outcomes: Height [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Height in meters (m)
- The clinical health outcomes: Body mass index (BMI) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Weight and height will be combined to report BMI in kg/m^2
- The clinical health outcomes: Blood pressure [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Blood pressure were measured using systolic and diastolic blood pressure in mmHg.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04134858
|Study Director:||Maria Kääriäinen, Professor||University of Oulu|