Working… Menu
Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020.

East New Britain Province Monitoring & Evaluation (ENBP M&E)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04124250
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2019
Case Western Reserve University
Washington University School of Medicine
Papua New Guinea Institute for Medical Research
Papua New Guinea ENB Provincial Health Authority
Papua New Guinea National Department of Health
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christopher L. King, MD, PhD, Case Western Reserve University

Brief Summary:
While tremendous progress towards elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) has been made in the 20 years since the 1997 Fiftieth World Health Assembly, it is unlikely the goal of eliminating LF as a public health problem by 2020 will be achieved. As of 2016, it was estimated that 856 million people are still living in areas with ongoing transmission of LF and require mass drug administration (MDA) [1]. Of the 52 countries that remain endemic and require MDA, 22 (42%) have not started MDA in all endemic implementation units (IUs) [1]. In addition, several countries have found that, despite completing the required number of treatment rounds, the response to the present MDA regimen has been suboptimal in some IUs, requiring additional rounds of MDA.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination by Mass Drug Administration Monitoring and Evaluation of Mass Drug Administration for Lymphatic Filariasis Acceptability of Mass Drug Administration for Lymphatic Filariasis Other: Observational

Detailed Description:

Although the current two-drug regimen has been successful in many places, it is clear that augmented treatment regimens, other alternative strategies, or both are needed to accelerate global elimination. Fortunately, recent scientific studies, led by the DOLF project at Washington University in St. Louis, found that a three-drug regimen, using all three of the medicines typically delivered as a standard two-drug regimen to prevent LF (ivermectin + albendazole or diethycarbamazine + albendazole), is dramatically more effective for achieving sustained clearance of microfilariae from infected persons [2]. WHO conducted a rigorous and thorough review process of data from safety and efficacy trials of the triple drug regimen. In November, 2017, WHO endorsed and provided updated treatment guidelines that endorsed the use of IDA as a MDA regimen for LF elimination programs [3]. Following WHO's formal approval and release of the alternative treatment guidelines, in late November Merck & Co. committed to increase its Mectizan donation by 100 million treatments annually to eliminate LF [4], making the IDA regimen financially feasible for countries to adopt.

According to the recently published guidelines, WHO recommends the use of annual IDA in settings where onchocerciasis is not co-endemic with LF in districts have not yet started MDA, in areas that have received fewer than 4 effective rounds of MDA, and in areas where MDA results have been suboptimal. These guidelines call for the current epidemiological criteria (<1% microfilaremia or <2% antigenemia) to be applied to sentinel and spot check sites to determine whether the IU is eligible to proceed with the transmission assessment survey (TAS) and for the TAS to be used to base MDA-stopping decisions [3]. While the TAS has proven to be an effective tool for basing stopping decisions under the standard two-drug regimens, it is unclear whether the target age group (6-7 year olds) and epidemiologic target (<2% antigenemia in areas with W. bancrofti and <2% BmR1 antibodies in areas with Brugia spp. infections) are appropriate when IDA is used. Because IDA will result in an accelerated interruption of transmission and because the effects of this regimen on adult worms are not yet fully understood, it is possible that new target populations, infection indicators, sampling strategies, and/or thresholds will be required to determine when it is safe to stop IDA.

The purpose of this protocol is to describe the operational research (OR) that is necessary to develop a set of recommendations for WHO to consider regarding appropriate monitoring and evaluation (M&E) strategies for countries implementing IDA. Generating the information necessary to establish robust M&E guidelines requires a significant OR effort to ensure that all relevant information is collected, innovative strategies are considered, and that the ultimate recommendations are supported by evidence across multiple countries. It is important to emphasize that the study design described in this protocol is not what would be recommended of all countries implementing IDA. This protocol is for OR purposes only, with the goal that study findings will lead to a simplified M&E framework that is feasible for use by national LF elimination programs.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 10500 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: When is it Appropriate to Stop? Applied Field Research to Develop an M&E Strategy to
Actual Study Start Date : September 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Other: Observational
    Mass Drug Administration with a single co-administered dose of Ivermectin, DEC and Albendazole performed by Provincial and National Health Departments annually for two years

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the presence of W. bancrofti microfilariae [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Perform blood smears of venous blood collected at night

  2. To determine the presence of W. bancrofti circulating antigen [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Fingerstick blood will be collected to assess the presence and semi-quantitative levels of circulating filarial antigen using Alere filarial test strips

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the presence and frequency anopheline mosquitos infected with lymphatic filariasis (Xenomonitoring) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Mosquitoes will be collected by light traps or human landing catches, anopheline mosquitoes separated, pooled and DNA extracted and the presence of W. bancrofti DNA assessed by PCR

  2. To determine the knowledge and attitudes about lymphatic filariasis and acceptability of the mass drug program for lymphatic filariasis [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Prior to mass drug treatment and following treatment randomly selected individuals will be asked to complete a questionnaire and subset of individuals interviewed

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Blood spots from participants

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 80 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Two distinct age groups will be sampled as part of each assessment: children 5-9 years old and adolescents and adults >10 years. The child and adult surveys will be conducted in the same selected clusters; however, the adult survey will be conducted in a subset of the households (HHs) selected for the child survey because there are likely to be more eligible adults per HH than children.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All individuals ages 5 years to 80 years living in selected villages will be eligible to enroll.
  • Must live in the villages for at least 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Minors ages 4 and under will not be eligible to enroll.
  • Lived in selected village for less than 12 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04124250

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Christopher L King, MD Ph.D. 216 368 4817
Contact: Michael Payne

Layout table for location information
Papua New Guinea
East New Britain Provincial Health Authority Recruiting
Kokopo, East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea
Contact: Melinda Susapu, PhD    +675 7295 6646   
Contact: Benedict Mode, MS   
Principal Investigator: Moses Laman, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University
Washington University School of Medicine
Papua New Guinea Institute for Medical Research
Papua New Guinea ENB Provincial Health Authority
Papua New Guinea National Department of Health

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Christopher L. King, MD, PhD, Professor, Case Western Reserve University Identifier: NCT04124250    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY20191141
First Posted: October 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Elephantiasis, Filarial
Spirurida Infections
Secernentea Infections
Nematode Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Lymphatic Diseases