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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT04120246
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Alpha-TEA and Trastuzumab for the Treatment of Refractory HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04120246
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 9, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2023
University of Washington
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Veana Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of alpha-TEA when given together with trastuzumab and to see how well they work for the treatment of HER2+ breast cancer that does not respond to treatment (refractory) and has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Anti-cancer treatment, such as alpha-TEA, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Alpha-TEA may also alter cancer growth by stimulating the body's immune response against the tumor. Trastuzumab is a form of "targeted therapy" because it works by attaching itself to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as HER2 receptors. When trastuzumab attaches to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the cancer cell may be marked for destruction by the body's immune system. Giving alpha-TEA and trastuzumab may work better for the treatment of HER2+ refractory and metastatic breast cancer compared to usual treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 HER2 Positive Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Refractory Breast Carcinoma Drug: Alpha-tocopheryloxyacetic Acid Biological: Trastuzumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:


This is a dose-escalation study of alpha-TEA.

Patients receive one of 4 doses of alpha-TEA orally (PO) on days 1-14 of each cycle. Patients also receive trastuzumab on day 1 of cycle 1 and then every 3 weeks per standard of care. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Dose Escalation Trial of Alpha-Tocopheryloxyacetic Acid (α-TEA) in Patients With Treatment Refractory HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : April 8, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 1, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (alpha-TEA, trastuzumab)
Patients receive one of 4 doses of alpha-TEA PO on days 1-14 of each cycle. Patients also receive trastuzumab on day 1 of cycle 1 and then every 3 weeks per standard of care. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Alpha-tocopheryloxyacetic Acid
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 12-trimethyltridecyl) chroman-6-yloxy) Acetic Acid
  • a-TEA
  • alpha-TEA
  • 261929-52-6

Biological: Trastuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 180288-69-1
  • 688097
  • ABP 980
  • Anti-c-ERB-2
  • Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-ERB-2
  • Anti-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-HER2/c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • HER2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Herceptin
  • Herceptin Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • Herzuma
  • MoAb HER2
  • Monoclonal Antibody HER2
  • Ogivri
  • Ontruzant
  • RO0452317
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar ABP 980
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar HLX02
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar SB3
  • Trastuzumab-DTTB
  • Trazimera
  • Kanjinti
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar GB221

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events of 4 escalating doses of alpha-tocopheryloxyacetic acid (TEA) therapy when combined with trastuzumab [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    Toxicity grading will be evaluated per Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 5.0.

  2. Clinical response rate of alpha-TEA when combined with trastuzumab [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    Clinical response will be performed by computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis performed prior to enrollment and then after every 3 cycles per standard of care. Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria and immune related (ir)RECIST criteria will be used to determine response. Both progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) will be measured.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in level of activated effector memory CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells at 4 escalating doses of alpha-TEA and concurrent trastuzumab [ Time Frame: At baseline, at cycle 4 Day 1, and then Day 1 of every 4th cycle while on study (each cycle is 28 days), assessed up to 4 years ]
    The level of memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cells will be evaluated by flow cytometry. Memory CD4+ T cells will be defined as CD3+CD4+CD38+HLA-DR+CCR7-CD45RA- and memory CD8+ T cells will be defined as CD3+CD8+CD38+ HLA-DR+CCR7-CD45RA-.

  2. Change in the number of HER2 specific T cells at each dose level [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 4 years ]
    Will determine if concurrent alpha-TEA and trastuzumab increase the number of HER2 specific T cells at each dose level. Endogenous immunity to HER2 will be evaluated using interferon (IFN)-gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay. A statistically significant increase of HER2 specific immunity after concurrent alpha-TEA and trastuzumab treatment when compared to baseline will constitute augmentation of HER2 specific immunity.

  3. Modulation of circulating natural killer (NK) cells with concurrent alpha-TEA and trastuzumab therapy [ Time Frame: At baseline, at cycle 4 Day 1, and then Day 1 of every 4th cycle while on study (each cycle is 28 days), assessed up to 4 years ]
    Flow cytometry will be used to assess the number of NK cells as defined by CD3-CD16+CD56+ cells from whole blood. Flow will be used to analyze the function of NK cells, specifically through degranulation markers (CD107a+) and through IFN-gamma production. The level of NK cell CD107+ uptake and IFN-gamma production in response to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class 1 negative cell will be evaluated.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with HER2/neu overexpressing metastatic breast, not considered curable by conventional therapies

    1. HER2 positivity will be defined per the 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines (JCO 2018)
    2. Has measurable extra-skeletal disease per RECIST 1.1
  2. Patients who have received recommended first therapy with a Taxane, with trastuzumab and/or pertuzumab and second line therapy with Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) or ENHERTU (fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki) or are unable to tolerate these therapies are eligible to participate.
  3. Patients must continue trastuzumab or biosimilars of trastuzumab with or without pertuzumab dosing per standard of care through the entire study period.
  4. Prior Lapatinib in the metastatic setting is allowed, but not required.
  5. Patients with ER and / or PR positive metastatic breast cancer are eligible and may continue anti-estrogen therapy for the duration of the study.
  6. Patients must be at least 14 days post cytotoxic chemotherapy prior to enrollment.
  7. Patients on bisphosphonates and/or endocrine therapy are eligible and can continue on this therapy concurrently.
  8. Women who are having sex that can lead to pregnancy must have a negative pregnancy test within 28 days prior to enrollment and must avoid becoming pregnant while on α-TEA and for 4 weeks after the last dose of α-TEA and 7 months after Herceptin/biosimilars (see section 7.3). Men must avoid fathering a child while on α-TEA and for 4 weeks after the last dose of α-TEA.
  9. Patients must have ECOG Performance Status Score of ≤ 2 (Appendix A).
  10. Patients must have recovered from major infections and/or major surgical procedures, and in the opinion of the investigator, not have significant active concurrent medical illnesses precluding study treatment.
  11. Laboratory values must be as follows and performed within 28 days prior to first treatment

    1. WBC ≥ 2000/mm3
    2. Hgb ≥ 8 mg/dl
    3. Estimated creatinine clearance (Clcr) by the Cockcroft-Gault (G-C) equation ≥ 60 mL/min
    4. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal
    5. AST <2.5 X upper limit of laboratory normal
    6. ALT<2.5 X upper limit of laboratory normal
    7. Alkaline phosphatase <2.5 X upper limit of laboratory normal
    8. INR <1.5
    9. PT <16 seconds
    10. PTT < 38 seconds
    11. TSH ≤ 5
    12. Free T4 ≥ .9
  12. Ability to swallow capsules.
  13. Patients must be at least 18 years of age.
  14. Patients must have adequate cardiac function as demonstrated by normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ the lower limit of normal for the facility (or ≥50%) on MUGA scan or echocardiogram (ECHO) within 3 months of enrollment.
  15. Must be off Vitamin E supplements (multivitamin acceptable) for at least two weeks prior to first dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patients with any of the following cardiac conditions:

    1. Restrictive cardiomyopathy
    2. Unstable angina within 6 months prior to enrollment
    3. New York Heart Association functional class III-IV heart failure
    4. Symptomatic pericardial effusion
    5. Right atrial enlargement on ECHO would not be allowed. 2. History of or active atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia 3. History of documented cardiac arrhythmia 4. Active cardiac ischemia. Patients with a history of ischemia ameliorated with stent placement or coronary artery bypass grafting and who have no evidence of ischemia by exercise or physiological stress testing are eligible.

      5. Patients with any clinically significant autoimmune disease requiring active treatment.

      6. Patients receiving any concurrent systemic immunosuppressants within 14 days of enrollment. Patients who require brief courses of steroids to manage allergic reaction to intravenous contrast used in radiographic studies are eligible.

      7. Patients receiving strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4/5. (See Appendix B - Patients must be off at least 2 weeks prior to first dose of IP) 8. Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. 9. Patients who are simultaneously enrolled in other treatment studies for active treatment.

      10. Active brain metastatic disease. Patients with brain metastases who have been treated with surgery, gamma-knife radiosurgery or radiation and no radiographic progression for at least 4 weeks and off steroids for 14 days are eligible.

      11. No leptomeningeal disease. 12. Any medical or psychiatric condition that in the opinion of the PI would preclude compliance with study procedures.

      13. Malabsorption state such as ulcerative colitis, previous surgical resection of > 20% of intestine or stomach.

      14. Surgery or severe trauma within 4 weeks of study entry (minimally invasive procedures acceptable).

      15. QTc greater than 450 msec at (calculated using Bazett's formula), sick-sinus syndrome or other active cardiac disease.

      16. Patient with abnormal thyroid function or who are euthyroid but on medication for thyroid disorders must be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04120246

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Contact: Lauren Hartmann, RN 5037050885 Lauren.Hartmann@Veana-Therapeutics.com
Contact: Emmanuel Akporiaye, PhD 5038690983 Emmanuel.Akporiaye@Veana-Therapeutics.com

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United States, Washington
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: William Gwin    206-221-5956    wrgwin@seattlecca.org   
Principal Investigator: William Gwin         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Veana Therapeutics
University of Washington
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Principal Investigator: William Gwin, MD Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
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Responsible Party: Veana Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04120246    
Other Study ID Numbers: RG1004302
NCI-2019-06457 ( Registry Identifier: NCI / CTRP )
8790 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
First Posted: October 9, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 25, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Veana Therapeutics:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Acetic Acid
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Trastuzumab biosimilar HLX02
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents