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Effects of Elastic Therapeutic Tapes on Performance With Healthy Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04090541
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mirsad ALKAN, Bahçeşehir University

Brief Summary:
There has been an increasing interest in Kinesiology Tape(KT) and Biomechanical Tape(BT) in clinics and athletic competitions. Recently; the performance increasing effect of taping methods on healthy subjects in sports is being investigated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sports Physical Therapy Sports Performance Other: Rigid Tape Other: Kinesiology Tape Other: Biomechanical Tape Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Kinesio Taping (KT) is a technique utilizing a two way elastic tape originally created by Kenzo Kase in the 1970s. KT is a complementary method which is used as an adjunct to major therapy approaches in various musculoskeletal and neurological diseases.4 KT is employed in sports injuries and various health problems; but there is limited scientific evidence evaluating KT effectiveness and the results are inconsistent.5 One of the KT potential benefits is that of raising the range of motion through increasing blood circulation or through stimulation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors and this way it affects fascial tissue.6-8 Biomechanical Taping (BT) is a technique utilizing a four way elastic tape originally created by Ryan Kendrick in the 2010s. BT is a complementary method for supplementing load absorption, force contribution and modifying movement. BT affects tissues and movement in a mechanical way and it is almost a completely different method from KT. Kase's hypothesis is that KT affects fascial tissues and mechanoreseptors, but Kendrick's hypothesis is that BT ,which is applied in shortened position and cross joint segments, will gain potential energy in case of an extremity realized movement with antagonist activity. Then the weak agonist muscle gets activated for repositioning the extremity; this potential energy turns to kinetic energy like a released bow. As a result of kinetic energy, it may support the movement with using passive mechanical strength.9 In this study, the investigators aim to illustrate immediate effects of various taping methods on the performances of healthy subjects. In that way the investigators test hypothesis that different taping methods affect healthy subjects to improve performance. The investigators; investigate strength, active range of motion and vertical jump height as a parameters of performance with No Tape(NT), Sham Tape(ST), KT and BT.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This study was conceived as a randomized placebo controlled prospective trial. With the aim of blocking effects of morphological specifities of participants, this study was designed on a four stage application on the same participants. This stages were (1) control testing with No Tape(NT) (2) placebo testing with Sham Tape(ST) application (3) Kinesology Tape(KT) application (4) Biomechanical Tape (BT) application. With the aim of blocking bias effects, randomization was designed with the computerized system using four way algorithm which led to NT, ST, KT and BT applications for each participant in mixed order but all applications have equal time in order.
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effects of Elastic Therapeutic Tapes on Performance With Healthy Subjects: a Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : November 3, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 12, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 12, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Tests were applied with any taping.
Sham Comparator: Sham Taping
In ST stage; medical purpose, hypoallergenic OctaCare® Rigid Transparent Plaster was applied as a rigid tape. This tape is also used under rigid tapes for protecting the skin. In this study investigators didn't prefer extra rigid tape on the plaster because that was very light and less sensitive material to our knowledge so it suited our aim of placebo control.
Other: Rigid Tape
Non-Elastic Tape

Experimental: Kinesiology Taping
In KT stage; the original Kinesio Tex® Tape Classic was applied as a kinesiology tape. In this study, investigators applied the tape with muscle activation technique and paper of tension (it was declared %10) according to Kenzo Kase's Kinesio Taping concept. It was implemented on both bileral Rectus Femoris and Calf muscles with same technique.
Other: Kinesiology Tape
Tape can be elongate only one direction

Experimental: Biomechanical Taping
In BT stage; Dynamic Tape® was applied as a biomechanical tape. In this study, investigators applied the tape with offload technique and paper of tension according to Ryan Kendrick's Biomechanical Taping concept. It was implemented on both bileral Rectus Femoris and Calf muscles with same technique.
Other: Biomechanical Tape
Tape can be elongate only two direction




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Vertical Jump With Each Taping Application [ Time Frame: baseline, and immediate effect in a 15 minutes ]
    A fotoelectrical sensor base "Micro Gate Opto Jump Next®, software version 1.10, BFS Vertical Jump protocol with three jumps" was used for quantitative analysis of Counter Movement Vertical Jump (CMVJ). Minimum, maximum and average values of jumping height for all jumps (10) were recorded as canti-meter (cm).

  2. Change From Muscle Strength With Each Taping Application [ Time Frame: baseline, and immediate effect in a 15 minutes ]
    A hand held electronic dynamometer "MicroFet® 2" was used to evaluate isometric bilateral knee extension and ankle dorsal flexion strength.11 Measurements were repeated three times and maximum value of strength was recorded as Kilogram-Force (Kg-F).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Active Range Of Motion With Each Taping Application [ Time Frame: baseline, and immediate effect in a 15 minutes ]
    A wide angle webcam "logitech® c920 full hd pro web cam" that was integrated with opto jump software was used for assessment of active range of motion in front of jumping on image based assessment tool of opto jump software. Acromion, Trochantor major of femur, lateral epicondyle of femur, Lateral Condyle of Tibia and medial malleolus of tibia were marked for the indicator before the jumps. Videos, recorded at the same time with jump and synchronous with jumping values, were used for resolving knee and hip flexion degrees before jump with maximum height and they were assessed with indicators on computer surface on optojump software. Values recorded as degrees (º).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 24 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18-24 BMI
  • Physically active according to International Physical Activity Questionnarie (IPAQ)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any known systemic diseases or medical condition
  • Sensitive or fragile skin,
  • Allergic diseases
  • Pregnancy or pregnancy suspicion
  • Using of sedative, psychosomatic or analgesic drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04090541


Locations
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Turkey
Bahçeşehir University
İstanbul, Beşiktaş, Turkey, 34353
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bahçeşehir University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Habibe Serap İnal Bahçeşehir University
Principal Investigator: Şebnem Nur Alkan Bahçeşehir University

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Responsible Party: Mirsad ALKAN, Principal Investigator, Bahçeşehir University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04090541     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 52
First Posted: September 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mirsad ALKAN, Bahçeşehir University:
Kinesiology Tape
Biomechanical Tape
Performance
Muscle Strength
Vertical Jump