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Fecal Microbiota Transplant

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04090346
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : September 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Methodist Health System

Brief Summary:

The study will provide data to show the effectiveness of Fecal Microbiota Transplant in patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is a procedure in which healthy colon contents of a carefully screened donor is inserted into the colon of a compromised patient. FMT is a procedure to replace beneficial bacteria that has been killed or suppressed, most commonly by use of antibiotics. Currently it is utilized as an experimental treatment for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). This procedure is predicted to reduce the cost both financially and physically for the CDI patient and facility.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clostridium Difficile Infection Procedure: Fecal Microbiota Transplant Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Methodist Health System wishes to offer transplant services to our CDI populations which meet all criteria for recurrent intractable disease. The objective is to reduce the cost both financially and physically to patients and the facility, of living with chronic or recurrent CDI disease. This study is to provide treatment and demonstrate documented outcomes and success rates in a manner that protects both the patients and the facility. Of note this treatment is currently being provided by many facilities in Texas, under the FDA Investigational New Drug (IND) enforcement discretion.

The study will provide data to show the effectiveness of Fecal Microbiota Transplant in patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. This study will only examine FMT as it is the only available therapy beyond antibiotic treatment. When patients are considered for FMT they have already failed traditional therapeutic medications.

Patients will be required to meet a specified criteria set forth for chronic or severe CDI infection. Chronic infection is defined as the third or greater episode of C Difficile infection, proven by a positive stool assay with previous documented treatments. Patients must be first treated with first line drug therapies which include vancomycin, metronidazole or fidaxomicin without cure. They must have been treated with at least one course of drugs over a six to eight week period of a vancomycin taper or vancomycin treatment followed by rifaximin for two weeks. Severe CDI infection is defined as refractory moderate to severe CDI diarrhea, with failing vancomycin drug therapy.

Patients with contraindicated co-morbidities will be excluded. Comorbidities include severe bowel disease which would preclude colonoscopy, severe underlying immune suppression or decompensated liver cirrhosis.

Patients will be under the care of a physician who is an identified investigator (sub-investigator) of this study for preparation, procedure and follow up care. Patients will be counseled by this physician regarding the risks and side effects of the procedure and transplant. Staff will only reinforce details from written materials given to patients. Questions outside of the written materials will be directed to the investigators for follow up.

Risks include, but are not limited to the following.

  • Transplant making no improvement in the course of their CDI.
  • Common side effects including transient gas, bloating and rectal irritation
  • Surgical risks which can include blood clots, excessive bleeding, allergic reactions and death. More common surgical risks are infection, drug reactions, bleeding, and perforation.
  • Transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria: These are resistant to one or more antibiotics. These bacteria could be transmitted through FMT and cause a serious infection. The FMT that you will receive is provided by a company called OpenBiome, where donors who provide stool for the FMT treatments undergo screening for certain antibiotic-resistant bacteria and clinical risk factors that would make their exposure to antibiotic resistant bacteria more likely. Individuals who test positive for these bacteria or have these risk factors are excluded from donating.

Patients will sign three informed consents. The first consent is to acknowledge the basis of the treatment is part of a research study (exhibit 1). The second consent) specifies that FMT is experimental in nature, and reviews the potential risks and benefits of the transplant. The third is the Methodist Health System "Disclosure and Consent" that is used for colonoscopy procedures.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Fecal Microbiota Transplant
Actual Study Start Date : June 5, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bowel Movement

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Clostridium difficile infection
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is due to a toxin-producing bacteria that causes a more severe form of antibiotic associated diarrhea. The disease ranges from mild diarrhea to severe colon inflammation that can even be fatal.
Procedure: Fecal Microbiota Transplant
Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is a procedure to replace beneficial bacteria which has been killed or suppressed in the colon.
Other Name: FMT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. treatment date [ Time Frame: eight weeks following transplant. ]
    date of treatment

  2. material volume [ Time Frame: eight weeks following transplant. ]
    volume of material

  3. severity and type of CDI [ Time Frame: eight weeks following transplant. ]
    severity and type of CDI

  4. serious adverse reactions [ Time Frame: eight weeks following transplant. ]
    serious adverse reactions

  5. repeat transplant, colectomy and antibiotics [ Time Frame: eight weeks following transplant. ]
    patients who require additional treatment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Recurring CDI after three episodes of mild to moderate C Diff infections and failure to respond to appropriate antimicrobial treatment of six to eight weeks.
  • Metronidazole
  • Vancomycin
  • At least two episodes of severe C diff infection that have required hospitalization and significant morbidity within one year
  • Severe C Diff infection requiring hospitalization and non- responsive to maximal medication therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • cirrhosis of the liver
  • recent bone marrow transplants
  • medication suppressed immune systems (allowed per physician discretion if benefit outweighs risk)
  • pregnancy
  • Toxic megacolon or ileus present

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04090346


Locations
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United States, Texas
Methodist Dallas Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75203
Sponsors and Collaborators
Methodist Health System
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Muhammad Memon, MD Methodist Mansfield Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Methodist Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04090346     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010.GID.2018.A
First Posted: September 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Methodist Health System:
CDiff
Fecal Microbiota Transplant
Infection Control
Antibiotic Stewardship
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clostridium Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections