COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Craniosynostosis Repair

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04072783
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arkansas

Brief Summary:

Context: Craniosynostosis is a common craniofacial abnormality which can be associated with various clinical syndromes. Though it has been established that children with craniosynostosis score lower on certain developmental tests, the effect of craniosynostosis and cranioplasty surgery on the neural circuitry and brain development is less well known or understood.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to describe the effect of cranial vault remodeling in children with craniosynostosis on white matter tracts with tractography and Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional MRI, and neurodevelopmental tests, before and after surgery as compared to age-matched controls.

Study Design: This will be a prospective study of patients diagnosed with craniosynostosis and who are going to have open or endoscopic cranial vault remodeling (CVR).

Study Measures: The study will measure MRI sequences before and after surgery and at set time intervals to quantify the effect of white matter tract maturity. Parallel to this, neurodevelopmental tests will be administered at these same intervals.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Craniosynostoses Diagnostic Test: MRI,DTI, functional MRI Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Craniosynostosis, the premature ossification and fusion of one or more cranial sutures, is a common craniofacial abnormality occurring in 1 of 2,000 live births. 1 2 Craniosynostosis can lead to increased intra-cranial pressure in between 12-50% of those affected which may have delayed neuro developmental implications.

The crucial neurodevelopment occurs in the first years of life and is most rapidly progressing during the first year of life. Premature closure of the cranial sutures decrease the intracranial volume and space available for the rapidly developing brain. Cranial vault remodeling (CVR) is the current standard of care to mitigate any possible developmental delay secondary to craniosynostosis and also improve the head shape. CVR is a combined surgery between the neurosurgeon who takes off the cranial bone/bones, and the craniofacial surgeon who assists and reconstructs the cranium with absorbable plates and screws.

After surgery, although there is no doubt that there is an improvement in head shape, the craniofacial skeleton and the soft tissues, but there is less data, and virtually no functional imaging information available addressing the effect of CVR surgery on the growing brain.

The main objective of this project would be to begin to explore the relationship of CVR and it requisite effects on the growing brain with a cohort of patients who are set to undergo CVR, while performing a battery of neurodevelopmental and imaging studies pre- and post-operatively and compare with normative controls. This is one part of a three-center study collaborating with craniofacial units at Yale University and Wake Forest University in which similar, if not identical protocols will be carried out. We hope that analyses of these data will provide better insight into and greater definition of the effect of CVR and the secondarily available increase in intra-cranial volume on the growing brain in the clinical setting of craniosynostosis.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Patients with craniosynostosis only
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Craniosynostosis Repair
Estimated Study Start Date : February 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Patients with craniosynostosis
Patients with craniosynostosis will undergo pre - and post-operative imaging studies. The surgery will be performed for these patients as standard of care. They will also be tested fro neurodevelopment.
Diagnostic Test: MRI,DTI, functional MRI
  1. Patients will undergo testing with Pre- and and post-surgical MRI. The protocol will be Sagittal T1, Axial inversion recovery, T2, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, susceptibility weighted image, diffusion weighted images, diffusion tensor imaging, resting state fMRI, sagittal 3D GRE / FFE or 3D T1 VIBE and tractography.
  2. Once patients are identified, surgery is planned.The standard of care procedures fall into two categories based on age of presentation, clinician judgement and family preference all other things being equal. Both the endoscopic-assisted craniectomy and open CVR are standard of care procedures. Patients self-select into these groups. None of the surgery nor any aspect of it is experimental.
  3. Patients are routinely examined for neurodevelopment pre- and post-operatively as part of American Cleft Palate Craniofacial Association guidelines.The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales are used up to and including age 4.
Other Name: Neurodevelopmental testing, surgery

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of brain development via diagnostic imaging [ Time Frame: From 2 months age to 4 years of age ]
    Will establish pilot data to establish a normative curve of white-matter tract development in normal children under 4 years of age using (DTI). Fractional anisotropy (FA) (a main DTI parameter sensitive to white matter integrity) maps will be created to achieve a normative "white matter change curve" with from infancy to pre-school age.

  2. Assessment of the change in white matter tract organization after cranial vaut remodeling surgery (CVR) [ Time Frame: From 2 months age to 4 years of age ]
    Will quantify the change in white matter tract organization after cranial vault remodeling (CVR) surgery in patients with craniosynostosis by analyzing pre- and post-operative DTI data. This experimental cohort will also be examined in comparison to age-matched controls, pooled with other centers and compared with published data sets of normal babies from the Baby Connectome Project. . The imaging will be repeated at three intervals after surgery leading up to approximately 4 years of age.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of neurodevelopmental test results in craniosynostosis patients [ Time Frame: From 2 months of age to 4 years of age ]
    Will assess neurodevelopmental test results in craniosynostosis patients and seek to correlate these findings with white matter tract changes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 4 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Up to 500 children, for all subjects, age of initial study entry: one test group between 3-6 months old( endoscopic assisted) , and the other 6-24 months of age ( open CVR) ) once enrolled, children will be included until 4 years of age.
  • Diagnosed with craniosynostosis, single or multiple suture
  • Babies with craniosynostosis syndrome including but not limited to Pfieffers, Aperts, Crouzons,and Menkes.
  • Approximately 60 age-matched controls (3 in each group) not diagnosed with craniosynostosis syndrome, stratified by age groups starting at 3 months, 5 months, 7 months, 9 month 11 months, 13 months, 15 months, 17 months, 19 months, then every 3 months, 22 months, 25 months, 28 months, 31 months, 34 months, 37 months,40 months,43 months,46 months,49 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children not meeting the inclusion criteria
  • Children with traumatic brain injury, brain cancer, or VP shunt that could affect development.
  • Children who have already undergone CVR repair
  • Developmentally Normal children who cannot undergo or cannot be still for an awake or asleep non-sedated MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04072783

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Suzanne Huetter, MSN 1 (501) 364-3761
Contact: Eylem Ocal, MD 501-364-4641

Layout table for location information
United States, Arkansas
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
Contact: Suzanne Huetter, MSN    501-364-3761   
Contact: Eylem Ocal, MD    501-364-4641   
Principal Investigator: Eylem Ocal, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arkansas
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Eylem Ocal, MD University of Arkansas

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Arkansas Identifier: NCT04072783    
Other Study ID Numbers: 217610
First Posted: August 28, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Keywords provided by University of Arkansas:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Craniofacial Abnormalities
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities