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Abemaciclib for Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma With Cyclin-Dependent Kinase (CDK) Pathway Alteration

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04040205
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 31, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 21, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Charlson, Medical College of Wisconsin

Brief Summary:
This is a single-arm, phase II study that will enroll a total of 45 subjects. All subjects will have a confirmed diagnosis of metastatic or unresectable soft tissue sarcoma or bone sarcoma. All subjects must have intact Rb, identified at the time of screening, by immunohistochemistry testing of submitted tumor specimen. Subjects will receive Abemaciclib 200 mg twice daily until progression or discontinuation criteria are met.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chondrosarcoma Osteosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma Drug: Abemaciclib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Population to be studied:

Since abemaciclib is already being studied in dedifferentiated liposarcoma patients, patients with this sarcoma subtype will not be enrolled in the current study. This exploratory study will enroll patients with all other types of soft tissue sarcoma, in addition to patients with several bone sarcomas. We are testing the hypothesis that biomarkers of Cyclin D1 - CDK4/6 - Rb pathway activation will identify patients with a rare, heterogeneous cancer who are most likely to benefit from cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibition with abemaciclib.

There will be three cohorts of patients, intended to ensure representation of subjects with rare bone sarcomas - chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma - that have relatively frequent occurrence of abnormalities in the Cyclin D1 - CDK4/6 - Rb pathway, in addition to soft tissue sarcoma.

Cohort 1 - Conventional chondrosarcoma, 9-12 patients; Cohort 2 - Osteosarcoma, Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma, 9-12 patients; Cohort 3 - Soft tissue sarcoma (except WD/DD Liposarcoma), 22-26 patients

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Abemaciclib for Treatment of Advanced Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma Identified as Having CDK Pathway Alteration
Actual Study Start Date : October 7, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Abemaciclib
Subjects will be treated with abemaciclib 200 mg twice daily by mouth.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Abemaciclib 200 mg will be taken by mouth twice daily..
Other Name: Verzenio

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    This outcome measure is the number of subjects whose disease has not progressed as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria.

  2. Death [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    This outcome measure is the number of subjects expiring from any cause.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma or conventional chondrosarcoma, dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma (see exclusion criteria below)
  2. Metastatic or locally advanced disease that is unresectable
  3. There is no limit to the number of prior therapies a subject may have had, but the following requirements must be met:

    1. Conventional chondrosarcoma and low-grade osteosarcoma: No requirements regarding prior therapy
    2. Osteosarcoma (high-grade), Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma: at least 1 prior anthracycline chemotherapy, alone or in combination, required either as adjuvant, neoadjuvant or in the metastatic setting.
    3. Soft tissue sarcoma: at least 1 line of systemic therapy, unless the sarcoma subtype is one that is generally considered unresponsive to standard chemotherapy.
  4. Age ≥ 18 years.
  5. Provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry
  6. Documented CDK pathway abnormality on a commercially available mutation profiling test (Foundation, Tempus xT, etc), if performed previously as part of routine/standard care on tumor (metastatic or primary), having at least one of the following (a and/or b)

    1. Cyclin D1 (CCND1), cyclin D2 (CCND2), cyclin D3 (CCND3), cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), and/or cyclin dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) amplification
    2. Cyclin Dependent Kinase Inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A) homozygous loss
  7. Rb positive confirmed by immunohistochemistry testing of archived tumor tissue specimen (metastatic or primary site) performed centrally at Medical College of Wisconsin Precision Medicine Laboratory.
  8. All subjects must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1. (See RECIST 1.1 criteria in Appendix 10.
  9. Subjects must also have had evidence of disease progression by RECIST 1.1 within 6 months of enrollment, or newly diagnosed within the last 6 months (refer to step 1 criteria regarding previous lines of therapy).
  10. A washout period of at least 21 days is required between last chemotherapy dose and enrollment.
  11. A washout period of at least 14 days is required between end of radiotherapy and enrollment.
  12. At least 14 days after surgery, and absence of significant wound healing issues that would pose infection risk.
  13. Subjects with brain metastasis that have been treated with definitive surgery or radiation and have been clinically stable for 3 months are eligible.
  14. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
  15. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below (ULN indicates institutional upper limit of normal):

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL

      a. Patients may receive erythrocyte transfusions to achieve this hemoglobin level at the discretion of the investigator. Initial treatment must not begin earlier than the day after the erythrocyte transfusion.

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN

      a. Patients with Gilbert's syndrome with a total bilirubin ≤2.0 times ULN and direct bilirubin within normal limits are permitted.

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(SGOT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(SGPT) ≤ 3 x institutional ULN
    • Renal function (at least one of the following): Estimated Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (MDRD or Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula), or actual CrCl as determined by 24-hour urine collection
  16. Female subjects must meet one of the following:

    • Postmenopausal for at least one year before enrollment, OR
    • Surgically sterile (i.e. undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy), OR
    • If subject is of childbearing potential (defined as not satisfying either of the above two criteria), must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 21 days of step 2 enrollment AND

      • Agree to practice two acceptable methods of contraception (combination methods requires use of two of the following: diaphragm with spermicide, cervical cap with spermicide, contraceptive sponge, male or female condom with spermicidal agent added, hormonal contraceptive) from the time of signing of the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study agent, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable contraception methods.)
  17. Male subjects, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

    • Practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study period and through 60 calendar days after the last dose of study agent, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.)
  18. Subjects must be deemed able to comply with the study plan by the local PI.
  19. Ability to swallow oral medications

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of well differentiated (WD) or dedifferentiated (DD) liposarcoma
  2. Any bone sarcoma other than osteosarcoma, conventional or dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma.
  3. Prior treatment with a specific CDK 4 or CDK 6 inhibitor - (such as palbociclib, abemaciclib, or ribociclib).
  4. Subjects who have not recovered (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE v5.0] Grade ≤1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy (except for residual alopecia or Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy) prior to enrollment, or other toxicity or serious preexisting medical condition(s) (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, history of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel, or preexisting Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis or a preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline Grade 2 or higher diarrhea) that in the opinion of the site PI is expected to preclude participation in this study.
  5. Subjects currently receiving any other investigational agents.
  6. Current ongoing treatment with strong Cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) inducers or inhibitors.
  7. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, known ongoing or active bacterial infection (requiring IV antibiotics), fungal infection, detectable viral infection (such as known HIV or active hepatitis B or C) (screening tests is not required for enrollment), symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia (specifically, atrial fibrillation or ventricular dysrhythmias except ventricular premature contractions), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  8. The subject has a personal history of any of the following conditions: syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin (including, but not limited to, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation), or sudden cardiac arrest.
  9. Pregnant women and women who are breast-feeding.
  10. Subjects must not have current evidence of another malignancy that requires treatment.
  11. Subjects who received treatment with live attenuated viruses within 30 days prior to eligibility confirmation or might receive the treatment through the duration of the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04040205

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Contact: Medical College of Wisconsin Cancer Center Clinical Trials Office 866-680-0505 ext 8900 cccto@mcw.edu

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United States, California
City of Hope Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Mark Agulnik, MD    626-218-9200    magulnik@coh.org   
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
Contact: Steven Attia, DO       Attia.Steven@mayo.edu   
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Contact: Varun Monga, MD    319-384-9497    varun-monga@uiowa.edu   
United States, Missouri
Washington University in St. Louis Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63130
Contact: Michele Landeau, CCRP    314-747-9488    landeaum@wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Brian Van Tine, MD         
United States, Wisconsin
Froedtert Hospital & the Medical College of Wisconsin Recruiting
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Contact: John Charlson, MD    414-805-4600    jcharlso@mcw.edu   
Principal Investigator: John Charlson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical College of Wisconsin
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Principal Investigator: John Charlson, MD Medical College of Wisconsin
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Responsible Party: John Charlson, Associate Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04040205    
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO34388
First Posted: July 31, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by John Charlson, Medical College of Wisconsin:
Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue