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Relationships Among Sedentary Behaviors and Other Factors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04039438
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 31, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Young Joo Kim, East Carolina University

Brief Summary:

Due to the increasing sedentary behaviors in older adults, it is important to understand the factors related to sedentary behaviors. Although systematic reviews have identified sociodemographic and environmental factors related sedentary behaviors, no study on the relationships between interested and important activities and sedentary behaviors in older adults was found.

In this study, investigators aim to investigate the relationships among interested and important activities, sedentary behaviors, and sociodemographic factors in older adults living in the community. Investigators will recruit 30 sedentary older adults living in the community who are cognitively intact, have no physical limitations, and are medically stable. Participants will be assessed once using subjective and objective measures:

1) estimated energy expenditure levels for interested, important, and current activities, 2) time spent on sedentary activities, and 3) sociodemographic factors.

The results of this study will provide supporting evidence for the role of meaningful occupations to decrease sedentary behaviors. In addition, the results may show the relevant sociodemographic factors that occupational therapy practitioners need to be aware when encouraging active lifestyle for sedentary older adults in the community.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Older Adults Other: No intervention

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Relationships Among Interest and Importance of Activities, Sedentary Behaviors, and Socio-demographic Factors in Sedentary Older Adults in the Community
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine



Intervention Details:
  • Other: No intervention
    No intervention will be provided during the study nor participants will be receiving any intervention anywhere else.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Activity Card Sort [ Time Frame: One time during the initial, one-time study visit about their current stauts (participants are visited only once in the study) ]
    The Activity Card Sort assesses the participation level in instrumental, leisure, and social activities. The Activity Card Sort uses 89 photographs. For each photograph, participants will be asked if they are interested in doing the activity in each photograph, if the activity in each photograph is important for them to do, and if participants are currently doing it. Then, Three mean metabolic equivalent levels of interested, important, and current activities will be calculated.

  2. Physical activity level [ Time Frame: 10-14 consecutive days, 24/hours a day, following the initial, one-time visit (participants are visited only once in the study) ]
    Physical activity level measured by ActiGraph GT9X Link. The data will be collected for at least 7-full days to record the pattern of activity levels of a week.

  3. Sociodemographic form [ Time Frame: One time during the initial, one-time study visit about their current status (participants are visited only once in the study) ]
    The information will be used to determine the characteristics of the participants and generalizability of the results, and to determine the relationships with interested, important, and current activities. The form collects socio-demographic information, such as race, gender, highest education received, living status, occupations, total household annual income, recent hospitalization, cardiovascular risk factors, the number of medications taken daily, and weekly exercise level. Information is all self-reported.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Medically stable older adults
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age of 65 years or older
  • intact cognition confirmed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Blind score 18 or greater
  • self-report of no physical activity restrictions from the physician
  • sedentary lifestyle confirmed by the Rapid Assessment Disuse Index score 26 or greater,
  • living 30 miles from the College of Allied Health Sciences at East Carolina University

Exclusion Criteria:

  • An acute or terminal illness
  • a myocardial infarction in the past 6 months
  • unstable cardiovascular or metabolic disease
  • neuromusculoskeletal disorders severely disrupting voluntary movement
  • limb amputation
  • upper or lower extremity fracture in the past 3 months
  • current symptomatic hernias or hemorrhoids
  • cognitive impairment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04039438


Contacts
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Contact: Young Joo Kim, PhD 2527446191 kimyo15@ecu.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
East Carolina University Recruiting
Greenville, North Carolina, United States, 57834
Contact: Young Joo Kim, PhD    252-744-6191    kimyo15@ecu.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
East Carolina University
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Responsible Party: Young Joo Kim, Assistant Professor, East Carolina University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04039438    
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCIRB 19-001417
First Posted: July 31, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 14, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No