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Encorafenib, Cetuximab, and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Microsatellite Stable, BRAFV600E Mutated Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04017650
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2023
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the best dose and side effects of encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab and how well they work together in treating patients with microsatellite stable, BRAFV600E gene mutated colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Encorafenib and cetuximab may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.Giving encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer compared to cetuximab alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
BRAF NP_004324.2:p.V600E Metastatic Colon Adenocarcinoma Metastatic Microsatellite Stable Colorectal Carcinoma Metastatic Rectal Adenocarcinoma Progressive Disease Recurrent Colorectal Carcinoma Stage III Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVC Colorectal Cancer AJCC v8 Unresectable Colon Adenocarcinoma Unresectable Rectal Adenocarcinoma Biological: Cetuximab Drug: Encorafenib Biological: Nivolumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To describe overall response rate (ORR) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

II. To determine the safety and tolerability of nivolumab, encorafenib, and cetuximab.


I. To estimate median progression-free survival (PFS) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

II. To estimate median overall survival (OS) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

III. To estimate median time to response (TTR) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

IV. To estimate median duration of response (DOR) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

V. To estimate disease control rate (DCR) upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.


I. To assess genomic and immune changes upon treatment with encorafenib, cetuximab, and nivolumab.

II. To demonstrate feasibility of establishing humanized patient-derived xenograft models in matched patients with BRAFV600E metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive encorafenib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28, cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 15, and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 100 days, at 3 months, and then every 3 months thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of Encorafenib, Cetuximab, and Nivolumab in Microsatellite Stable BRAFV600E Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (BMS-MDACC CA209-8P6/ARRAY IST-818-101X)
Actual Study Start Date : June 14, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (encorafenib, cetuximab, nivolumab)
Patients receive encorafenib PO QD on days 1-28, cetuximab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15, and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Cetuximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cetuximab Biosimilar CDP-1
  • Cetuximab Biosimilar CMAB009
  • Cetuximab Biosimilar KL 140
  • Chimeric Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric MoAb C225
  • Chimeric Monoclonal Antibody C225
  • Erbitux
  • IMC-C225

Drug: Encorafenib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Braftovi
  • LGX 818
  • LGX-818
  • LGX818

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best radiographic response [ Time Frame: Within 6 months of initiation of study treatment ]
    Radiographic response will be defined as a complete response or partial response according to immune-related response criteria (Immune-Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.

  2. Incidence of treatment-related grade 3 adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Will assess according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be defined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be defined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria.

  3. Time to response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  4. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provision of signed Informed Consent prior to any screening procedures being performed.
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of informed consent.
  • Histologically (or cytologically) confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, with clinical confirmation of unresectable and/or metastatic disease that is measurable according to RECIST1.1 criteria.
  • Confirmation of BRAFV600E tumor as detected by a CLIA-certified laboratory.
  • Confirmation of MSS status in a CLIA-certified laboratory.
  • Cohort A only: Prior treatment with at least one, but no more than two, systemic chemotherapy regimen(s) for mCRC, or recurrence/progression with development of unresectable or metastatic disease within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy for resected colorectal cancer.
  • Cohort B only: prior treatment with a BRAF, anti-EGFR, MEK, or ERK targeted therapy for treatment of colorectal cancer
  • ECOG performance status < 1
  • Adequate bone marrow, organ function and laboratory parameters:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L,
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL with or without transfusions,
  • Platelets (PLT) ≥ 100 x 109/L without transfusions,
  • AST and/or ALT ≤ 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN). If liver metastases are present, then it is acceptable for AST level ≤ 5.0 × ULN, and an ALT level ≤ 5.0 × ULN.
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN and < 2 mg/dL Note: Patients who have a total bilirubin level > 1.5 x ULN will be allowed if their indirect bilirubin level is ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN, or calculated creatinine clearance (determined as per Cockcroft-Gault) ≥ 50mL/min at screening;
  • QTc interval ≤ 480 ms (preferably the mean from triplicate ECGs) ;
  • Able to take oral medications;
  • Female patients are either postmenopausal for at least 1 year, are surgically sterile for at least 6 weeks, or must agree to take appropriate precautions to avoid pregnancy from screening through follow-up if of childbearing potential Note: Permitted contraception methods listed in Section 8.2 should be communicated to the patients and their understanding confirmed. For all females, the pregnancy test result must be negative within 24 hours of starting treatment with nivolumab. Males must agree to take appropriate precautions to avoid fathering a child from screening through 100 days following the end of therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent corticosteroid therapy or concurrent use of any other immunosuppressive medication (corticosteroid use on study as a pre-medication for IV contrast allergies/reactions is allowed). Subjects who are receiving daily steroid replacement therapy (the equivalent of prednisone ≤10 mg daily) serve as an exception to this rule.
  • Cohort A only: Prior treatment with a BRAF inhibitor, MEK inhibitor, or ERK inhibitor (of note, regorafenib is not considered a BRAF inhibitor for the context of eligibility criteria).
  • Cohort A only: Prior treatment with anti-EGFR therapies.
  • Prior immune checkpoint therapy including, but not limited to, an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other prior immune-modulating agent administered with antineoplastic intent (monoclonal antibodies used against VEGF are permitted)..
  • Prior allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that has required oral or IV steroids.
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first administration of study medication.

Seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain a live virus are permitted.

  • History of a Grade 3 or 4 allergic reaction attributed to humanized or human monoclonal antibody therapy.
  • Cohort B only: unacceptable toxicity to prior BRAF, EGFR, MEK, or ERK inhibitor therapy that in the discretion of the evaluating physician deems the participant at risk of excessive toxicity
  • Active infection requiring concurrent antibiotic use.
  • Any symptomatic brain metastasis. Note: Patients previously treated or untreated for this condition who are asymptomatic in the absence of corticosteroid and anti-epileptic therapy are allowed. Brain metastases must be stable for ≥ 4 weeks, with imaging (e.g., magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT]) demonstrating no current evidence of progressive brain metastases at screening.
  • Leptomeningeal disease
  • Previous or concurrent malignancy within 3 years of study entry, with the following exceptions: adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, prostate intraepithelial neoplasm, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, or other noninvasive or indolent malignancy; other solid tumors treated curatively without evidence of recurrence for at least 3 years prior to study entry.
  • Impaired cardiovascular function or clinically significant cardiovascular diseases, including any of the following:
  • History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting) <6 months prior to screening,
  • Symptomatic chronic heart failure (i.e. Grade 2 or higher), history or current evidence of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia and/or conduction abnormality <6 months prior to screening except atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure ≥ 170 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mm Hg, despite current therapy;
  • Known positive serology for HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus), active hepatitis B, and/or active hepatitis C infection;
  • Known history of acute or chronic pancreatitis (history of acute pancreatitis with no recurrent events in the prior 24 months are permitted)
  • Patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's Granulomatosis]); CNS or motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain-Barre Syndrome and myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis). Patients with Graves' disease will be allowed.
  • Impaired gastrointestinal function or disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled vomiting, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection with decreased intestinal absorption)
  • Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures.
  • Major surgery ≤ 6 weeks prior to starting study drug or failure to recover from side effects of such procedure at the discretion of the treating investigator.
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test
  • Medical, psychiatric, cognitive or other conditions, according to clinician judgment, that may compromise the patient's ability to understand the patient information, give informed consent, comply with the study protocol or complete the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04017650

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Contact: Van K Morris 713-792-2828 vkmorris@mdanderson.org

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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Van K. Morris    713-792-2828      
Principal Investigator: Van K. Morris         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Van K Morris M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04017650    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0993
NCI-2019-04169 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0993 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: July 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Disease Progression
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action