Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A 24-Week Study of Topical Pirenzepine or Placebo in Type 2 Diabetic Patients (T2DM) With Peripheral Neuropathy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04005287
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
WinSanTor, Inc

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized outpatient, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-site study of the safety, tolerability, and exploratory efficacy of topically administered WST-057 (4% pirenzepine free base monohydrate) for 24 weeks in subjects with T2DM with peripheral neuropathy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Neuropathy Drug: WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) Lose Dose 2mL Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized outpatient, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-site study of the safety, tolerability, and exploratory efficacy of topically administered WST-057 (4% pirenzepine free base monohydrate) for 24 weeks in subjects with T2DM with peripheral neuropathy. Subjects will attend visits at screening (day -45 to -28); day 1 (baseline); weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24; and follow-up (week 26). Approximately 60 subjects with T2DM with peripheral neuropathy will be randomized to 1 of 4 treatment groups in a 1:1:4:4 ratio: placebo control 2 mL (n = 6 subjects), placebo control 4 mL (n = 6 subjects); low dose (2 mL) WST-057 (73 mg pirenzepine free base monohydrate) (n = 24 subjects); and high dose (4 mL) WST-057 (146 mg pirenzepine free base monohydrate) (n = 24 subjects), with the assumption that a total of 50 subjects will complete the study.

This study is designed with 4 periods: screening, baseline/day 1, outpatient treatment, and safety follow-up.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel, 24-Week, Phase 2a Study of Topical Pirenzepine (WST-057) or Placebo in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Peripheral Neuropathy
Actual Study Start Date : October 15, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Low Dose
WST-057 Matching placebo 2 mL volume
Drug: WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) Lose Dose 2mL
Topical Solution
Other Names:
  • WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) High Dose 4 mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo Low Dose 2mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo High Dose 4mL

Placebo Comparator: Placebo High Dose
WST-057 Matching placebo 4mL volume
Drug: WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) Lose Dose 2mL
Topical Solution
Other Names:
  • WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) High Dose 4 mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo Low Dose 2mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo High Dose 4mL

Experimental: Active Low Dose
WST-057 2mL volume
Drug: WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) Lose Dose 2mL
Topical Solution
Other Names:
  • WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) High Dose 4 mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo Low Dose 2mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo High Dose 4mL

Experimental: Active High Dose
WST-057 4mL volume
Drug: WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) Lose Dose 2mL
Topical Solution
Other Names:
  • WST-057 (4% pirenzepine) High Dose 4 mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo Low Dose 2mL
  • WST-057 Matching Placebo High Dose 4mL




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by hematology and clinical pathology blood tests. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in patient's blood tests when compared to normal lab values/ranges after once daily dosing of 2 dose levels of WST-057 solution or placebo. The Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 will be reported.

  2. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by vital signs (blood pressure (diastolic and systolic mmHg), heart rate (beats per minute), respiratory rate (breaths per minute). [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in vitals signs (from baseline) in patients after daily topical doses of either 2 dose levels of WST-057 solution or placebo. The Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 will be reported.

  3. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by ECG ( measuring P Wave, QRS complex, QT Interval) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in ECG parameters (from baseline) in patients after daily dosing of either 2 dose levels of WST-057 solution or placebo. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 will be reported.

  4. Incidence and Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by a dermal assessment (Draize score (scale 0.0 - 4.0) score of skin erythema, edema, pruritus and dryness score) of the dosing area [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Dermal safety will be assessed by observing changes in dermal scores (from baseline) in patients after daily dosing of either 2 dose levels of WST-057 solution or placebo. The Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 will be reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intraepidermal Nerve Fiber Density (IENFD) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Evaluate the efficacy of WST-057 to increase IENFD present in punch biopsies collected in the calf. The nerves will be counted in these punch biopsies and the change in the density will be measured between screening and the week 24 visit. The more nerves or a higher nerve density correlates with better sensation.

  2. Norfolk Quality of Life Measure (QOL) Patient Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Determine the impact of once-daily topical dosing of WST-057 on a QOL measurement. The score from the QOL questionnaire will be tabulated from each visit to determine if an improvement in the quality of life could be measured using this scale between screening and the week 24 visit.All symptoms (1-7) are scored as either a 1 or a 0, indicating a presence or absence of the symptom. With the exception of Questions 31, and 32, the other items are scored according to the 5-point Likert Scale (0-4, "No Problem" to "Severe Problem"). In Question 31, "Good", the middle item, is scored as O. "Very Good" is scored as -1, Excellent" is scored as -2. "Fair is scored as 1, and "Poor" is scored as 2. In Question 32, "About the Same", the middle item, is scored as 0. "Somewhat better" is scored as -1, "Much better" is scored as -2. "Somewhat worse" is scored as 1, and "Much worse" is scored as 2. A higher score indicates worse neuropathy-related quality of life score than a lower number.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Quantitative Thermal Threshold (QST) Quantitative Vibration Threshold (QVT) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Determine the impact of once daily dosing of WST-057 on QST and QVT. Sensory and vibration probes attached to an instrument that measures response will be applied to the feet of patients to determine if there is an improvement from the screening visit until 24 weeks post dosing. The lower the threshold for thermal and vibration sensation indicates better feeling or less neuropathy.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of T2DM (as defined by the 2013 Diabetes Canada guidelines).
  2. Male and female patients in the age range of 18 to 75 years (inclusive).
  3. Presence of definite diabetic neuropathy (as defined by the Toronto Consensus Guidelines) of at least 12 months duration in the lower extremities.
  4. Provide written informed consent prior to entering the study or undergoing any study procedures.
  5. Females should be either not of childbearing potential as a result of surgery or menopause (1 year after onset), or of childbearing potential and must be practicing a highly effective medically acceptable method of conception (e.g. abstinence, or hormonal contraceptives (e.g, combined oral contraceptives, patch, vaginal ring, injectables, and implants); intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS); or vasectomy (partner)) for at least 1 month before the screening visit and for 1 month after the end of the study. If access or use of a highly effective medically acceptable method of contraception is not achievable, then a combination of barrier methods (e.g. male condom, female condom, cervical cap, diaphragm, contraceptive sponge) is acceptable (e.g. male condom with diaphragm, male condom with cervical cap). Eligible female subjects must also have a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) at the screening visit.
  6. Males must use an acceptable form of contraception( e.g. male condom with diaphragm, male condom with cervical cap, or male condom in association with spermicide)
  7. Sural nerve response must be present and at least 1 µV in amplitude.
  8. Patients must have a screening IENF density range of no less than 1 IENF/mm and no more than 10 IENF/mm.
  9. Participating subjects must be reliable, willing, and able to cooperate with all study procedures, including the following:

    • Return for study visits on the required dates
    • Be physically able to inspect calves, tops of ankles, and soles of feet for wounds, infections, or other anomalies, and be able to self-administer the investigational drug to calves and feet.
    • Be able to accurately and reliably report symptoms (including treatment-emergent signs and symptoms).
    • Take study drug as required by protocol.
  10. Be on stable antidiabetic treatment (insulin, oral agents, or lifestyle) that is not anticipated to change during the course of the study, except if medically required.
  11. Be on stable analgesic treatment (same medication and dose) or stable nonpharmacological pain treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to screening and remain on this stable treatment throughout the study (unless otherwise directed by a physician). Nonpharmacologic pain treatment includes the following: relaxation/hypnosis, physical or occupational therapy, counseling, etc. Episodic or periodic treatments, such as monthly injections for treatment of pain (eg, local anesthetics), will not be permitted.
  12. General health status must be acceptable for participation in this 24-week clinical study, with no hospitalizations for medical conditions within 12 weeks before and during screening per judgment of the Investigator. Any question regarding eligibility will be addressed with the medical monitor.
  13. Fluency (oral and written) in the language in which the standardized tests will be administered.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Lower leg IENFD at screening of < 1 or >10 IENF/mm.
  2. Sural nerve amplitude of < 1 microvolts (µV) at the ankle.
  3. Proliferative retinopathy or maculopathy requiring acute treatment.
  4. Requiring dialysis.
  5. Impaired liver function, defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  6. Presence of clinically significant peripheral or autonomic neuropathy that is clearly of nondiabetic origin.
  7. Uncontrolled treated/untreated hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] greater than180 or diastolic BP greater than 100 at screening).
  8. Amputations of lower extremities or presence of foot ulcers.
  9. Clinically significant active macrovascular disease, including myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular event within the past 12 months.
  10. Uncontrolled or untreated hypothyroidism.
  11. Active infection (eg, HIV, hepatitis), or a history of severe infection during the 30 days prior to screening.
  12. Evidence of severely immunocompromised status.
  13. Major surgical procedure during the 90 days prior to screening.
  14. Diagnosis and/or treatment of malignancy (except for basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in-situ carcinoma of the cervix, or in-situ prostate cancer) within the past 5 years.
  15. Clinically significant gastric emptying abnormality (eg, severe gastroparesis).
  16. Urinary retention or an enlarged prostate.
  17. Uncontrolled glaucoma.
  18. Other clinically significant, active (over the past 12 months) disease of the gastrointestinal, pulmonary, neurological, genitourinary, or hematological system that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the subject's participation in the study, might confound the results of the study, or pose additional risk in administering the study drug.
  19. New treatment with (< 3 months) antioxidant supplements or drugs known to affect oxidative stress and peripheral diabetic neuropathy.
  20. Known or suspected history of alcohol or substance abuse.
  21. Mental incapacity, unwillingness, or language barrier precluding adequate understanding of or cooperation with the study.
  22. Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or intend to become pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at Screening and must agree to use adequate contraceptive methods during the study and for 1 additional menstrual cycle following the end-of treatment visit (see inclusion criterion 5).
  23. History of allergy or sensitivity to M1 antagonists or any of the components of the investigational product formulations.
  24. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to pirenzepine or another component of the investigational product.
  25. History of sensitive skin, as defined by a requirement to use soap and skin products formulated for "sensitive skin".
  26. Currently taking any medicines to treat overactive bladder (anticholinergic agents, such as Gelnique).
  27. Failure or inability to perform screening or baseline assessments.
  28. Patients with any condition that could potentially interfere with the conduct of the study or confound efficacy evaluations, including the following as specified in numbers 29 through 35 below:
  29. Pain or neuropathy from another cause (including central pain, radiculopathy, painful arthritis, etc).
  30. Skin or soft-tissue lesions in the area affected by neuropathy that are painful or could alter sensation.
  31. Systemic infections (eg, HIV, hepatitis, tuberculosis, syphilis).
  32. Exposure to an experimental drug, experimental biologic, or experimental medical device within 3 months before screening.
  33. Any open wound(s) and/or sunburn(s) in the dosing area. Subjects who have a wound and/or sunburn at screening that is anticipated to resolve before day -1 can be enrolled.
  34. History of a serious skin disease (as determined by the Investigator), such as skin cancer, psoriasis, or eczema.
  35. Receipt of a tattoo in the dosing area within 12 months of dosing.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04005287


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Angela Hansen 858 848 4831 ahansen@winsantorbio.com
Contact: Stan Kim 858 336 8094 skim@winsantor.com

Locations
Layout table for location information
Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta Recruiting
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2E1
Contact: Caroline Lyster, MA    780-248-1770    clyster@ualberta.ca   
Principal Investigator: Douglas Zochodne, MD         
Canada, Ontario
McMaster University Medical Centre Not yet recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 3Z5
Contact: Daniela Trapsa    905-521-2100 ext 76368    trapsd@msmaster.ca   
Principal Investigator: Natalia McInnes, MD         
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute Civic Campus Recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1Y 4E9
Contact: Sergio Guber    613-798-5555 ext 19627    sguber@ohri.ca   
Principal Investigator: Ari Breiner, MD         
Toronto General Hospital Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4
Contact: Eduardo Ng    416.340.4184    eduardo.ng@uhn.ca   
Principal Investigator: Vera Bril, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Bruce Perkins, MD         
Canada, Quebec
CRCHUS Not yet recruiting
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 5N4
Contact: Caroline Cayer    819-346-1110 ext 13920    caroline.cayer.ciussse-chus@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Sylvie Gosselin, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Emilie Lareau-Trudel, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
WinSanTor, Inc
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Angela Hansen WinSanTor, Inc
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: WinSanTor, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04005287    
Other Study ID Numbers: WST-PZP-002
First Posted: July 2, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 25, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: A paper will be published (made public)

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Pirenzepine
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs