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Impact of Strength and Power Training on Golf Performance and Swing Biomechanics

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04004468
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 19, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Blake Justice, Methodist University, North Carolina

Brief Summary:
Assess the impact of 10 weeks of strength and power training on Golf performance and swing biomechanics as measured by Trackman radar device and 16-camera monitoring system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Resistance Training With Traditional Periodization Model Resistance Training With Conjugate Training Model Behavioral: Resistance Training Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Golf-specific exercise programs have been shown to improve strength, flexibility, and balance in golfers (1) and golf-specific plyometric training programs have been shown to significantly improve club head speed and ball carry distance in skilled adolescent golfers (2). Further, leg power, upper body strength, and arm strength have positively correlated with golf performance measures; most notably measures of distance and total score (3). The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of a 10-week strength and power training program on the biomechanics of the golf swing and golf performance.

Participants will have anthropometric data taken, including height, weight, and body composition.

Golf swing biomechanics will be assessed utilizing high-speed motion analysis cameras and software available in the Motion Analysis Laboratory in the McLean Health Sciences Building. The participant will don garments that fit snug to the skin and light-sensitive reflective markers will be placed on the subject. The motion of the swing will be captured utilizing the 14 camera Vicon Bonita 10 system with the Motion Monitor real-time Vicon plug-in. Club head speed will be assessed utilizing a Tracman 4 dual radar tracking system.

Power output for participants will be measured by performing a countermovement vertical jump and a static vertical jump on the 4 Bertec non-conductive forceplate system.

Strength assessments will be performed in the Nimocks Fitness Center by the Lead Investigator. Maximal strength will be assessed in the following lifts utilizing the parameters described by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (4): Back Squat; Flat Bench Press. Other maximal strength numbers for primary lifts involved in the program (Front Squat; Incline Bench; Power Cleans) will be prescribed as percentages of the tested lifts as follows: Maximal Front Squat = 80% of Maximal Back Squat; Maximal Incline Bench = 80% of Maximal Flat Bench; Maximal Power Clean = 70% of Maximal Back Squat.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel groups participating in differing resistance training designs.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Impact of Strength and Power Training on Golf Performance and Swing Biomechanics
Actual Study Start Date : January 10, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 5, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 5, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard Periodization Training
Utilization of traditional periodization strength training model
Behavioral: Resistance Training
Standard barbell resistance training programs

Active Comparator: Conjugate Training
Utilization of conjugate strength model
Behavioral: Resistance Training
Standard barbell resistance training programs

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gold club head speed and radar predicted 5-iron distance [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Trackman measured club head speed and predicted carry of 5 iron

  2. Biomechanics of golf swing [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Bonita 16 camera measured biomechanical swing analysis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria: college aged golfers with no contraindications to exercise as measured by PAR-Q+

  • No history of Heart condition or uncontrolled hypertension
  • No history of chest pain at rest or with exertion
  • No history of loss of balance or dizziness at rest or with exercise in previous 12 months
  • No medications for chronic medical conditions
  • No bone, joint, or soft tissue issue that could be made worse by becoming more physically active

Exclusion Criteria: As indicated by PAR-Q+

  • History of arthritis, osteoporosis, or chronic back issues
  • Current, or recent history of, cancer
  • Diagnosed cardiovascular disease: CAD, heart failure, diagnosed abnormality of heart rhythm
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure (resting blood pressure of 160/90 or greater)
  • Diagnosed Metabolic Condition: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Pre-diabetic

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04004468

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Contact: Blake D Justice, PhD 9104808499
Contact: John Fox, PhD 9104808494

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United States, North Carolina
Methodist University Recruiting
Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States, 28311
Contact: Blake D Justice, PhD    910-779-9266   
Contact: John Fox, PhD    9104808494   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Methodist University, North Carolina
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Principal Investigator: Blake Justice Methodist University
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Responsible Party: Blake Justice, Associate Professor of Physical Therapy, Methodist University, North Carolina Identifier: NCT04004468    
Other Study ID Numbers: Project 2018 - 19 0027
First Posted: July 2, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 19, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No