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Sexual Harassment in and Outside Sports

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04003675
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : July 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The Norwegian Women´s Public Health Association
Norwegian Extra Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation
University of Agder
University of Toronto
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Professor Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences

Brief Summary:
This study examines sexual harassment and abuse in and outside sports among adolescent elite athlete boys and girls, adolescent control students, trainers and leaders at elite sport high schools and regular high schools in Norway.

Condition or disease
Sexual Harassment Sexual Abuse Psychological Impairment Prevention

Detailed Description:

The purpose of the study is to examine the prevalence and outcome of sexual harassment in and outside sports, including who the perpetrators are, the association between experienced sexual harassment and psychological health, if reporting mechanisms and emergency plans exist and function, and the participants suggestions for preventive strategies. The knowledge from this study will be a good basis to further establish and implement strategies to prevent sexual harassment in the future.

Students, trainers (with more than 20 % employment status) and leaders at elite sport high schools and regular high schools in Norway will answer a questionnaire at two measurement points. After the first measurement point a sample of randomly selected students who report experiences with sexual harassment, in addition to a sample of trainers and leaders, will also be invited to participate in an individual in-depth interview.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 2300 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Sexual Harassment Among Students at Elite Sport High Schools and Regular High Schools
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Group/Cohort
Adolescent elite athletes
Adolescent boys and girls elite athletes over 16 years of age studying at elite sport high schools in Norway.
Adolescent controls
Adolescent boys and girls over 16 years of age studying at regular high schools in Norway.
Trainers and leaders
Trainers (with more than 20 percent employment status) at elite sport high schools, and leaders/principals at elite sport high schools and regular high schools.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sexual harassment [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer a self-reported questionnaire regarding prevalence of sexual harassment, awareness of reporting mechanisms and emergency plans, suggestions for how to prevent sexual harassment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Symptoms of eating disorders [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer the self-reported questionnaire "Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-6". The questionnaire consists of 28 items measuring symptoms and severity of eating disorders.

  2. Health related quality of life [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer two questions from the self-reported questionnaire "The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument" (WHOQOL-BREF). The items measure overall perception of quality of life and overall satisfaction with own health during the last two weeks on a 5-point Likert-scale ranging from very poor/very dissatisfied to very good/very satisfied.

  3. Resilience [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer the self-reported questionnaire "The Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)" measuring their ability to handle stress and negative life events. The participants are asked to indicate how much they agree or disagree to 28 items using a 5-point Likert scale.

  4. Self-esteem [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer the self-reported questionnaire "Rosenberg self-esteem scale" (RSES) consisting of 10 items measuring global self-esteem related to overall feelings of self-worth and self-acceptance. The participants are asked to indicate how much they agree or disagree to the items using a 4-point Likert scale ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree.

  5. Subjective health complaints [ Time Frame: September 2019 and December 2020 ]
    Adolescent elite athletes and controls will answer the self-reported questionnaire "Health Behavior in School Children" measuring how often they have experienced 8 different physical and psychological health complaints (on a five-point scale ranging from almost every day to seldom/never) during the last 6 months.

  6. Sexual harassment [ Time Frame: September-October 2019 ]
    Trainers and leaders will answer a questionnaire regarding their experiences with incidents of sexual harassment, awareness of reporting mechanisms and emergency plans, suggestions for how to prevent sexual harassment.

  7. Sexual harassment interview [ Time Frame: Trainers and leaders will complete the questionnaire in September-october 2019 ]
    In-depth interviews with students, trainers and leaders about their experiences with sexual harassment, awareness of reporting mechanisms and suggestions for how to prevent sexual harassment in the future.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Students:

Students in 2^nd grade at public and private elite sport high schools in Norway and a corresponding number of control students in 2^nd grade at representative regular high schools (no specialization) in Buskerud county.

Trainers and leaders:

All administrative responsible employees (principles/inspectors) at public and private elite sport high schools and regular high schools, in addition to trainers at elite sport high schools with more than 20 % employment status.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Over 16 years of age
  • Students in 2^nd grade elite sport high schools in Norway
  • Students in 2^nd grade at regular high schools (no specialization) in Buskerud in Norway
  • Teachers with more than 20 percent employment status at elite sport highs schools
  • Leaders/principles at the attending elite sport- and regular high schools

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Students under 16 years of age
  • Trainers with less than 20 percent employment status

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04003675


Locations
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Norway
Norwegian school of sport sciences
Oslo, Norway, 0806
Sponsors and Collaborators
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
The Norwegian Women´s Public Health Association
Norwegian Extra Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation
University of Agder
University of Toronto
Investigators
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Study Chair: Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, PhD Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
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Responsible Party: Professor Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Professor, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04003675    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019/FO244849
First Posted: July 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No