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Reducing Older Adults' Sedentary Behavior by Self-monitoring

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04003324
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University Ghent
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VakgroepBewegingsEnSportwetenschappen, University Ghent

Brief Summary:
The first aim of this study is to gain insight into older adults' perceptions towards a self-monitoring tool aimed at the reduction of sedentary behavior. Secondly, this study aimed to investigate the preliminary efficacy of a self-monitoring tool aimed at the reduction of sedentary behavior.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sedentary Lifestyle Behavioral: Op is Top - using feedback from the Activator to reduce sedentary behavior in older adults Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

A mixed-method study will be conducted to assess participants' perceptions and preliminary efficacy of a self-monitoring based intervention aimed at the reduction of sedentary behavior in older adults (> 60 years).

A convenience sample of 40 older adults will be recruited using Facebook advertisements, as well as from an existing database of older adults willing to participate in research studies.

Older adults who agree to participate will be contacted by phone to make an appointment for a visit. During this first visit, participants will receive an informed consent. After signing the informed consent, a structured interview will be conducted to assess the participants' socio-demographic characteristics, domain-specific sedentary behavior and health status. A semi-structured interview will be conducted to examine participants' perceptions towards (reducing) sedentary behavior. Moreover, an inclinometer will be attached to the participants' thigh. Participants will be instructed to wear the inclinometer for one week. After one week, a researcher will visit the participants once again to collect the inclinometers. During this second visit, participants will receive a self-monitoring tool (i.e. the Activator) aimed at the reduction of sedentary behavior. Participants will be able to use the self-monitoring tool for four weeks. Apart from that, participants will receive a booklet with general sedentary behavior information and an explanation on how to use the self-monitoring tool. By the end of the intervention, the self-monitoring tools will be collected, and participants will be instructed to answer another structured interview and to wear the inclinometer for another week. At the end of this week, inclinometers will collected, and a semi-structured interview will be conducted with the older adults of the intervention group to gain insight into their experiences with self-monitoring as a behavior change technique to reduce sedentary behavior, as well as with the Activator.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Users' Experiences and Preliminary Efficacy of a Self-monitoring Tool to Reduce Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults: a Mixed-methods Study
Actual Study Start Date : April 19, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 8, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : June 20, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention group
Self-monitoring tool (Activator) and general information
Behavioral: Op is Top - using feedback from the Activator to reduce sedentary behavior in older adults
Participants will receive a self-monitoring tool (i.e. the Activator) aimed at the reduction of sedentary behavior. Participants will be able to use the self-monitoring tool for four weeks. Apart from that, participants will receive general sedentary behavior information and an explanation on how to use the self-monitoring tool.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total sedentary behavior [ Time Frame: Pretest - posttest (4 weeks) ]
    Total sedentary behavior was objectively estimated by means of the ActivPAL inclinometer (PAL Technologies, Glasgow, UK). The inclinometer was attached on the midline of the right anterior thigh. Participants were instructed to wear the inclinometer for seven consecutive days (24h/day) both at baseline, and at post measurement.

  2. Perceptions of (reducing) sedentary behavior [ Time Frame: Posttest (4 weeks) ]
    Perceptions of older adults' towards reducing sedentary behavior by means of a self-monitoring tool will be assessed using a semi-structured interview. The interview guide has been developed by the principal investigator and includes open questions regarding older adults' perceptions towards 1) sedentary behavior, 2) using self-monitoring to reduce sedentary behavior and 3) the Activator (i.e. the self-monitoring tool used in our study). Examples of questions are: What are your perceptions regarding the Activator? Did you enjoy receiving feedback on your sitting time every day? Etc.

  3. Domain-specific sedentary behavior [ Time Frame: Pretest - posttest (4 weeks) ]
    Domain-specific sedentary behaviors were assessed using a questionnaire developed by Busschaert et al. Concretely, week and weekend day sedentary behaviors were asked using the following question: 'During the last 7 days, how much time did you usually spend sitting while (1) reading, (2) caring, (3) practicing hobbies, (4) socializing, (5) listening to/playing music, (6) consuming meals, (7) watching television, (8) using a computer, (9) moving from one place to another, (10) doing household activities (11) making phone calls.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • be at least 60 years old
  • be Dutch-speaking
  • be able to walk 100 meters without severe difficulties
  • have a smartphone

Exclusion Criteria:

- having functional limitations to stand up


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04003324


Locations
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Belgium
Ghent University
Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, 9000
Sponsors and Collaborators
VakgroepBewegingsEnSportwetenschappen
University Ghent
Investigators
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Study Director: Greet Cardon, Prof. University Ghent
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Responsible Party: VakgroepBewegingsEnSportwetenschappen, Head of the Department - Prof. Greet Cardon, University Ghent
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04003324    
Other Study ID Numbers: Op is Top - Pilot
First Posted: July 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 1, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No