PIFR-based Inhalation Therapy in Patients Recovering From AECOPD
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04000958|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
This study is designed to determine whether the optimized inhalation therapy based on peak inspiratory flow rates (PIFR) measured against the simulated resistance can reduce the rate of treatment failure in patients recovering from acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Errors in inhaler use and quality of life are also to be evaluated.
The study will recruit 460 patients with AECOPD whose exacerbated symptoms are relieved by 5-7 days of standard therapy. The participants are divided into PIFR group and control group in a 1:1 ratio according to a random number table method. All the patients will be given inhaled corticosteroid（ICS）/long-acting β agonist（LABA） (budesonide/ formoterolSymbicort turbuhaler® 160/4.5 μg bid or Beclometasone/ Formoterol Foster® pressure metered dose inhaler(pMDI) 100/6 μg 2 puff bid). For symptomatic patients before acute exacerbation, Spiriva handihaler® 18μg qd or Spiriva respimat® 2.5μg qd will be prescribed in combination with ICS/LABA. For PIFR group, PIFR is measured by InCheck DIAL(Clement Clarke International Ltd, Harlow, UK and Alliance Tech Medical). If PIFR is less than 60L/min , the patient will be given pMDI with spacer. If PIFR value is over 60 L/min, the patient will be given dry powder inhaler(DPI).). The control group will be given DPI or pMDI with spacer according to the judgment of a respiratory physician. Both groups will be taught to use the device after the prescription, and then be reminded to use medication via a WeChat public account.
The primary endpoint of the study is the 30-day treatment failure including AECOPD recurrence resulting in an emergency visit, admission, or need for intensified medication). The secondary endpoints of the study are the error rate of inhalation device use, satisfaction with inhalation devices, symptoms and quality of life, 30-day mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases(COPD)-related treatment costs and PIFR.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease||Drug: PIRF measured by InCheck DIAL Drug: Regular treament||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||460 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Optimized Inhalation Therapy Based on Peak Inspiratory Flow Rates Measured Against the Simulated Resistance in Patients Recovering From Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: a Randomized Trial (PIFR-OIT Study)|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||September 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||July 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 1, 2021|
|Experimental: PIFR group||
Drug: PIRF measured by InCheck DIAL
Peak inspiratory flow rates(PIFR) will be measured using the InCheck DIAL(Clement Clarke International Ltd, Harlow, UK and Alliance Tech Medical). The InCheck DIAL is accurate to +/− 10% or 10 L/min, whichever is greater, and can measure flows in the range of 15 to 120 L/min. Dry powder inhaler(DPI) is to be prescribed if PIFRr is over 60L/min, otherwise pressure metered dose inhaler(pMDI) with spacer is given. All the patients will be given inhaled corticosteroid（ICS）/long-acting β agonist（LABA）. For symptomatic patients, long-acting anticholinergic agents(LAMA) will also be used.
|Active Comparator: control group||
Drug: Regular treament
The choice of inhalers depends on physician's evaluation. The medication is the same as experimental group.
- 30-day treatment failure rate [ Time Frame: 30 days ]Treatment failure means AECOPD recurrence resulting in an emergency visit, admission, or need for intensfied medication.
- the error rate of inhalation device use [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
- satisfaction with inhalation devices [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
Patients' satisfaction with inhalation devices will be assessed by the following items. If the patient meets any of the following, the result will be unsatisfactory:
- The patient has forgotten to use the inhaler.
- The patient has forgotten to use the inhaler in the last two weeks.
- The patient has reduced the frequency of using inhaler without medical advice.
- The patient has forgotten to bring an inhaler when traveling or leaving home.
- The patient has quitted the inhaler without medical advice when feeling his condition improved.
- The patient has felt it difficult to comply with the COPD treatment plan.
- The patient has felt it difficult to use the inhaler.
- score of St.George's Respiratory Questionnaire(SGRQ) [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
St.George's Respiratory Questionnaire(SGRQ) is used to assess patient's quality of life.
The SGRQ scale range is from 0 to 100. The higher the score is, the more severe the impact of COPD on patient' life is.
- 30-day mortality [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
- COPD-related treatment costs [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
- Peak Inspiratory Flow Rates（PIFR） [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
- 90-day mortality [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
- score of modified British medical research council(mMRC) [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]
Modified British medical research council(mMRC) is used to assess patient's symptoms.
The mMRC scale range is from 0 to 4. The higher the score is, the more severe the patient's dyspnea is.
- score of COPD assessment test(CAT) [ Time Frame: 30 days/ 90 days ]COPD assessment test(CAT) is used to assess patient's symptoms. The CAT scale range is from 0 to 40. A score of 0-10 indicates the patient is slightly affected by COPD. A score of 11-20 indicates the patient is moderately affected by COPD. A score of 21-30 indicates the patient is seriously affected by COPD. A score of 31-40 indicates the patient is extremely affected by COPD.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04000958
|Contact: Jing Zhang, MD||+86 email@example.com|
|180 Fenglin Road||Recruiting|
|Shanghai, China, 200032|