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Treatment of Congenital Vascular Malformations Using Sirolimus: Improving Quality of Life (Sirolimus)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03987152
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University

Brief Summary:
Congenital vascular anomalies are uncommon and belong to the group of rare diseases.These vascular malformations can cause serious complications including obstruction of vital organs and their function, recurrent infection and significantly reduced quality of life of persons affected.Treatment options range from conservative to surgical extirpation or intralesional embolisation/sclerosis. Unfortunately, this is often not enough. Many patients still have complaints like severe pain and invalidation due to the lymphatic or venous malformation making a normal functional life impossible. Recent case reports mention the positive effects of refractory patients with Sirolimus. Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin, is currently the only FDA-approved mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vascular Malformations Drug: Sirolimus Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Congenital vascular anomalies are uncommon and belong to the group of rare diseases. In 1996, the International Society of the Study of Vascular Anomalies adopted a new classification, distinguishing vascular malformations from vascular tumors. This classification was revised in 2014 and newly identified genetic features were taken into account. Vascular malformations feature dysplastic malformed vessels and are a consequence of a defective development of the embryonic vascular system. Vascular malformations can involve lymphatic vessels, capillaries, veins and arteries or even combinations. These vascular malformations are present at birth and grow with the child. Treatment options range from conservative to surgical extirpation or intralesional embolisation/sclerosis. Unfortunately, this is often not enough. Many patients still have complaints like severe pain and invalidation due to the lymphatic or venous malformation making a normal functional life impossible. These vascular malformations can cause serious complications including obstruction of vital organs and their function, recurrent infection and significantly reduced quality of life of persons affected. As the natural course of the disease affects multiple body systems, the therapeutic management is challenging. To date, no other medical treatment options are available. Although standard pain medication is given according the (inter) national pain protocols, patients still suffer pain and are not able to function normally in daily life. Majority (60-70% percent of the patients) of the patients is not able to have a normal life, with a normal job and normal social activities. Children are often not able to go to school normally, cannot play outside and have pain at the site of the malformation. The vast majority of literature reporting medical therapies for vascular anomalies consists of case reports and small series and is complicated by publication bias (negative findings are often not published), inconsistent use of nomenclature, and the absence of clinical trials. Recent case reports mention the positive effects of refractory patients with Sirolimus. Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin, is currently the only FDA-approved mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, indicated for prevention of kidney allograft rejection in adults and children 13 years or older, but is commonly used to manage organ rejection in younger children.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Challenge-Dechallenge-Rechallenge design All patients receive Sirolimus during challenge phase (6 months), stop Sirolimus during dechallenge phase (12 months), and if pain/symptoms returns Sirolimus intake is restarted during the rechallenge phase.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Congenital Vascular Malformations Using Sirolimus: Improving Quality of Life
Actual Study Start Date : September 18, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 18, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Sirolimus
Sirolimus administration: during Challenge and Rechallenge phase. Compared with the period 2 months before start of Sirolimus.
Drug: Sirolimus
Daily intake of Sirolimus during Challenge and Rechallenge phase
Other Name: No other treatment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of life using Sirolimus measured with survey (TAPQOL) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Quality of life at 6 months QoL in challenge phase, and 12 months QoL in Rechallenge phase. ]
    Quality of life: Questionnaire for Preschool Children's Health-Related Quality of Life (TAPQOL). Preschool Children Quality of Life, parent-reported questionnaire clustered into 12 multi-item scales, with higher scores range 0-100) indicating better HRQOL)

  2. Quality of life using Sirolimus measured with survey (PedsQl) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Quality of life at 6 months QoL in challenge phase, and 12 months QoL in Rechallenge phase. ]
    Quality of life: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQl) (children) 23 items questionnaire, 0-100 scale, so that higher scores indicate better HRQOL (Health-Related Quality of Life). Psychosocial Health Summary Score, Physical Health Summary Score and Total score will be measured.

  3. Quality of life using Sirolimus measured with survey (Research and development Rand-36). [ Time Frame: hange from baseline Quality of life at 6 months QoL in challenge phase, and 12 months QoL in Rechallenge phase ]
    Quality of life: Rand-36 (adults) eight health domains; physical functioning, social functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, role limitations due to emotional problems, mental health, vitality, pain and general health perception. Outcomes at each domain will be defined on a scale from a minimum score of 0 to a maximum score of 100. A higher score is equivalent to a better health.

  4. Difference in pain scores after using Sirolimus measured with VAS score [ Time Frame: Daily pain scores will be compared after 6 months in Challenge phase, after Challenge phase: starts the phase, and pain during 12 months in the Rechallenge phase ]
    Daily pain score (daily visual analogue scale (VAS-score 0-10) for children, and numeric rating scale (NRS-score 0-10) for adults)

  5. Difference in pain scores after using Sirolimus measured with NRS score [ Time Frame: Daily pain scores will be compared after 6 months in Challenge phase, after Challenge phase: starts the phase without Sirolimus treatment, and pain during 12 months in the Rechallenge phase ]
    Daily pain score (daily numeric rating scale (NRS-score 0 no pain -10 extreme pain) for adults)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Return of pain after treatment and duration of lowered pain or pain free period in days [ Time Frame: After 6 months Sirolimus intake till one year follow up. ]
    Amount of patients who have lowered pain or are pain free. Duration of lowered pain or pain free period in days.

  2. Growth/progression of vascular malformation [ Time Frame: MRI baseline compared with MRI after 6 months in challenge phase and 12 months in rechallenge phase ]
    MRI of the vascular malformation will be made at the beginning of the study and after six months of treatment with Sirolimus. An experienced radiologist will evaluate the evolution of the volume of the malformation.

  3. Rate and occurence of adverse events related to Sirolimus [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Adverse events: short and long term consequences of treatment with Sirolimus according to CTCAE version 5.0.

  4. Severity of adverse events related to Sirolimus [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Adverse events: short and long term consequences of treatment with Sirolimus according to CTCAE version 5.0.

  5. Genetic mutations in the vascular malformation that can predict outcome of treatment with Sirolimus using Single Molecule Molecular Inversion Probes (smMIPs) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Secondary material that was obtained after surgery, stored in the HECOVAN biobank can be used for analyses. Comprehensive targeted Next Generation Sequencing screen using Unique Molecular Identifiers with a technical sensitivity of 1% mutant alleles was performed for frequently mutated positions using Single Molecule Molecular Inversion Probes. We will investigate if there is a correlation with a possible found mutation and painreduction or improvement of quality of life.

  6. Pharmacogenetic profile in the vascular malformation that can predict outcome of treatment with Sirolimus [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Genotyping will be performed using Taqman assays or Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASPTM) assays in saliva swabs. Pharmacogenetic profiles (slow, intermediate, and extensive metabolizer) will be determined. Subjects compared on the outcome of sirolimus effectiveness for pain, and QoL stratified by CYP3A4.

  7. Cost-effectiveness of administration of Sirolimus: Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) estimate for each patient [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Via standardized questionnaires developed by the iMTA (institute for Medical Technology Assessment). The second part of the cost analysis consists of determining the cost prices for each volume of consumption.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Congenital venous malformation, or lymphatic malformation or combined.
  • Age older than 1 yr.
  • Patients (or legal guardians for children) have to be able to sign the informed consent
  • Patients are either refractory to standard care such as medical treatment (low molecular weight heparins, pain medication etc.), surgical resection and/or sclerotherapy/embolization (ineffective or accompanied by major complications) or there is no possibility for surgical intervention anymore. Only patients that have a normal clinical screening (no signs for infection, normal bone marrow function, normal liver and kidney function, normal glucose metabolism etc.) can be included.
  • Patients included have no cardiac impairment
  • Patients have no gastrointestinal impairment as Sirolimus is absorbed gastro-intestinal and normal function is needed
  • No other underlying medical disorder like Down syndrome or other syndromes
  • Women of reproductive age have to be informed that contraceptive methods are
  • mandatory during the study time, pregnant women are excluded
  • Karnofsky score > 50

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No written informed consent
  • Known hypersensitivity to drugs or metabolites from similar classes as study treatment.
  • Patient has other concurrent severe and /or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicated participation in the clinical study (e.g. acute or chronic pancreatitis, liver cirrhosis, active chronic hepatitis, severely impaired lung function with a spirometry ≤ 50% of the normal predicted value and/or O2 saturation ≤ 88% at rest, etc.)
  • Recent history of primary malignancy ≤ 5 years
  • Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases
  • Immunocompromised patients, including known seropositivity for HIV
  • Patient with any other concurrent severe and /or uncontrolled medical condition that would,in the investigator's judgment, contraindicated participation in the clinical study.
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Karnofsky score < 50

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03987152


Contacts
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Contact: Maroeska Loo, te, Dr. +31243613131 Maroeska.teLoo@radboudumc.nl
Contact: Veroniek Harbers, Drs. +31243094374 Veroniek.Harbers@radboudumc.nl

Locations
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Netherlands
Radboudumc, HECOVAN workgroup Recruiting
Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands, 6500HB
Contact: Maroeska te Loo, Dr.    +312413131    Maroeska.teLoo@radboudumc.nl   
Contact: Veroniek Harbers, Drs.       veroniek.harbers@radboudumc.nl   
Principal Investigator: Maroeksa Loo, te, Dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Leo Schultze Kool, Prof. dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Carine Vleuten, van der, Dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Bas Verhoeven, Drs.         
Sub-Investigator: Gerard Rongen, Prof. dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Peter Laat, de, Dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Chantal Horst, van der, Prof. dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Maroeska Loo, te, Dr. Radboud University

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Responsible Party: Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03987152     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 57911
2016-002157-38 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 14, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Radboud University:
Sirolimus
mTor inhibitor
Quality of life
mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Vascular Malformations
Congenital Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Diseases
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs