Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Social Anxiety Disorder
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03986827|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2019
The main aim of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of a disorder specific group cognitive behavior therapy (G-CBT) program for youth SAD, the, Cool Kids Anxiety Program - Social Enhanced (CK-E), developed at Macquarie University, Sidney, Australia.
Furthermore, the study will examine how well this program fares against generic CBT treatment.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Social Anxiety Disorder||Behavioral: Cool Kids Anxiety Program - Social Enhanced Behavioral: Cool Kids Anxiety Program||Not Applicable|
The main aim of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of a disorder specific G-CBT program for youth SAD compared to a generic G-CBT program for anxiety disorders.
Reduction in anxiety symptoms is expected for both treatment conditions although we hypothesize better outcome for the enhanced treatment condition.
Approximately 96 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years will be included with data points at pre- and post-treatment, and at 3-month and 1-year follow-ups.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||96 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||The study is a randomized controlled superiority trial comparing two active groups of treatment: 1) Cool Kids Anxiety Program - Social Enhanced (CK-E), 2) Cool Kids Anxiety Program (CK). The study design is a mixed between-within design, with data points pre- and post-treatment, and at 3- and 12-month follow-ups.|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||Randomization will be stratified into two age groups (12-14 and 15-17) using permuted block design with a fixed block size of 8 at a 1:1 ratio to the CK or the CK-E condition. Randomization will be conducted with an online computer random number generator (www.random.org) by an independent secretary. The sequence list will be kept concealed from therapists until treatment starts. Participants are not informed about their specific treatment condition.|
|Official Title:||A Disorder Specific Group Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder in Adolescents|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 28, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 28, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 28, 2022|
Experimental: Cool Kids Anxiety Program - Social Enhanced (CK-E)
CK-E is a G-CBT treatment developed specifically for treatment of youth SAD. The program consists of 10 2-h group sessions with four to five adolescents and their parents in each group. 9 sessions with the adolescents and parents together and one parents-only session (session 5). Three months after ending treatment participant will be offered a 1-h booster group session.
Behavioral: Cool Kids Anxiety Program - Social Enhanced
Specific G-CBT intervention for adolescents with social anxiety disorder
Other Name: CK-E
Active Comparator: Cool Kids Anxiety Program (CK)
The standard Cool Kids Anxiety Program is a treatment program based on generic CBT techniques such as cognitive restructuring and gradual exposure.
The program consists of 10 2-h group sessions with four to five adolescents and their parents in each group. 9 sessions with the adolescents and parents together and one parents-only session (session 5). Three months after ending treatment participant will be offered a 1-h booster group session.
Behavioral: Cool Kids Anxiety Program
Generic G-CBT intervention for adolescents with anxiety disorders
Other Name: CK
- Change in social anxiety disorder symptoms - measured using Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule for DSM-IV, Child and Parent Version (ADIS-IV C/P) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (after session 10 = 10-14 weeks after baseline interview) and follow-up 3-month after session 10. ]ADIS-IV C/P is a semi-structured diagnostic interview conducted with youth and parents separately to assess the diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders in accordance with DSM-IV as well as other disorders often comorbid with anxiety (e.g., depression and ADHD). Severity of the diagnosis is measured on a nine-point Likert scale ranging from not disturb at all to severely disturbed (0-8). CSR scores of 4 or greater indicate a clinical diagnosis. Separate CSRs are made by youths, parents, and the clinician, but only the CSRs provided by the clinician will be used. The most impairing diagnosis, as assessed by the clinician, will be considered as the primary diagnosis.
- Change in social anxiety disorder symptoms - measured using The Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (after session 10 = 10-14 weeks after baseline interview) and follow-ups at 3- month and 1-year after session 10. ]The Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) (Connor et al., 2000). SPIN is a questionnaire used for measuring youths self-rated SAD symptoms. It includes 17 items covering SAD symptoms of fear, avoidance and physiological/bodily reactions (trembling, blushing, heart palpitations and sweating). The adolescents are asked to which degree they have been bothered by these symptoms the preceding week. Each item is rated on a five-point Likert scale (0-4). Higher scores indicate higher degree of distress regarding the symptom. The SPIN has been found to have good internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and divergent validity (M. M. Antony, Coons, McCabe, Ashbaugh, & Swinson, 2006; Connor et al., 2000). The SPIN has demonstrated good psychometric properties for assessing youth SAD (Ranta, Kaltiala-Heino, Koivisto, et al., 2007; Ranta, Kaltiala-Heino, Rantanen, Tuomisto, & Marttunen, 2007; Tsai, Wang, Juang, & Fuh, 2009)
- Change in social anxiety disorder symptoms - measured using Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS and SCAS-P) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up and 1-year follow-up ]is used to measure adolescent- and parent-rated anxiety symptoms. The adolescent version contains 44 items (including six positive filler items), and the parent version contains 38 items. Items are rated on a four-point Likert scale (0-3). Higher scores indicate higher levels of anxiety. It consists of six subscales reflecting symptoms specifically related to social phobia, panic disorder and agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and fear of physical injury
- The Child Anxiety Life Inference Scale (CALIS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up and 1-year follow-up ]is used to measure the impact of youth's anxiety on various areas of life functioning including friends, school, extracurricular, and family. The impact is evaluated separately by adolescents (9 items) and their parents (16 items). Items are evaluated on a five point Likert scale (0-4). Higher scores indicate a higher degree of life interference.
- The Short version of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (S-MFQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), and 3-month follow-up ]will be used in the present study to measure depressive symptoms within the last two weeks. The symptoms are evaluated independently by adolescents and parents. The short version includes 13 items rated on a three-point Likert scale.
- The Negative Effects Questionnaire (NEQ) [ Time Frame: posttreatment (10-14 weeks) ]dis a self-administered measure of negative effects of psychological treatment. For this specific study we adjusted the NEQ for the age group (12-17) and their parents. Both adolescents and parents are to complete the NEQ. NEQ consists of three parts. First, participants endorse whether a specific item has occurred during treatment (yes/no). Secondly, participants rate how negatively the effect was on a 4-point Likert scale, ranging from "not at all" to "extremely" (0-4). Third, they attribute the negative effect to either "the treatment they receive" (1) or "other circumstances" (0).
- The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU 9D) [ Time Frame: posttreatment (10-14 weeks) ]is developed to determine how health affects children's lives. In this study CHU 9D is rated by the adolescents. CHU 9D is a generic preference-based self-rated measurement of health-related quality of life. It consists of nine dimensions; worry, sadness, tiredness, pain, annoyed feeling, school work, daily routine, sleep, and activities. These nine dimensions each have five levels on which the adolescents rates the level to how they are feeling.
- Background information [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up and 1-year follow-up ]Parents will complete a background questionnaire pretreatment. This questionnaire includes information regarding parents' mental and physical health, adolescent's mental and physical health, family demographics, household income and parents level of education, adolescent's previous and/or ongoing treatment, school absenteeism, and developmental point of orientation.
- Credibility/expectation questionnaire (CEQ ) [ Time Frame: CEQ will be completed after session 1 (week one) ]is a self-rated measure addressing the participants' expectancy and credibility of the treatment. Both youth and parents complete the questionnaire. CEQ consists of 6 items; three items regarding credibility and three items regarding expectancy.
- Experience of Service Questionnaire (ESQ) [ Time Frame: posttreatment (10-14 weeks) ]measures participants' satisfaction with the intervention. ESQ is adjusted by CEBU from the Experience of Service Questionnaire (Attride-Stirling, 2002). There are separate items for parents (10 items) and adolescents (7 items). ESQ includes both positive and negative statements, and items are rated on a 3-point Likert scale.
- Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up ]is used in the study for parents' rating of their own symptoms regarding anxiety, depression and stress. DASS consists of three subscales measuring symptoms of anxiety (DASS-A), depression (DASS-D) and stress (DASS-S). DASS contains 42 item and each item is rated on a four-point Likert scale (0-3) with higher scores indicating a higher degree of distress.
- Mini-SPIN [ Time Frame: In the current study mini-SPIN will be used as a severity measure rated by the adolescents prior to session 1 (week one), 4 (week four), 7 (week seven) and 10 (week 10-14) ]is developed as a brief screening instrument for SAD but can also serve as a repeated outcome measurement. The mini-SPIN is completed by the adolescents themselves. Mini-SPIN includes three specific items from the original SPIN ("Fear of embarrassment causes me to avoid doing things or speaking to people"; "I avoid activities in which I am the center of attention"; and "Being embarrassed or looking stupid is among my worst fears"). Each item is rated on a five-point Likert scale (0-4).
- Postevent version of the Thoughts Questionnaire (PTQ) [ Time Frame: Assessed after session session 1 (week one), 4 (week four), 7 (week seven) and 10 (week 10-14) ]is self-rated measure to assess the degree of post event processing. Adolescents complete the PTQ. Consistent with prior research (Perini, Abbott, & Rapee, 2006; Wong et al., 2017) only the 15 negatively worded items of the PTQ will be used in this study.
- Focus of Attention Questionnaire (FAQ) [ Time Frame: Adolescents complete FAQ after session session 1 (week one), 4 (week four), 7 (week seven) and 10 (week 10-14) ]is a self-rated measure of focus of attention. It is completed by the adolescents themselves. FAQ is a 10-item scale including two 5-item subscales; self-focused attention and external-focused attention. All items are rated on a five-point Likert scale ranging from 1-5 (1 = "Not at all", 5 = "Totally"). The two subscales are treated as independent.
- Subtle Avoidance Frequency Examination (SAFE) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up ]is a self-rated measure designed to assess safety behaviors. In the study adolescents complete the questionnaire. SAFE is designed to incorporate both active safety behaviors, subtle restriction of behavior, and behaviors aimed at avoiding or concealing physical symptoms. SAFE consists of 32 items ranging on a five point Likert scale (0-4), with higher scores indicating a higher degree of safety-seeking behaviors.
- The Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment (10-14 weeks), 3-month follow-up ]measures a range of the adolescents' self-reported negative self-statements. CATS is completed by the adolescents themselves. CATS include four subscales relating to automatic thoughts on social threat, personal failure, hostility, and physical threat. All items are scored on a five-point Likert scale (0-4), with higher scores indicating higher degrees of negative automatic thought. Only two subscales are included in the questionnaire battery of the present study; social threat and personal failure.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03986827
|Contact: Mikael U Thastum, Professor||40238559 ext email@example.com|
|Contact: Mikael U Thastum||40238559 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Aarhus University, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences||Recruiting|
|Contact: Mikael Thastum, Professor 40238559 ext +45 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Mikael Thastum, Professor||University of Aarhus|