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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03978091
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A Trial to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of AVYCAZ(R) in Combination With Aztreonam

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03978091
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase I, open-label, non-randomized, single center study in 48 healthy adult male and female subjects, aged 18 to 45 years. This study is aimed to investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime-avibactam (AVYCAZ) combined with aztreonam (ATM), AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone. The study will have 6 arms, arms 1-4 are the single drug administration treatment groups and will include AVYCAZ per label dosing, AVYCAZ as a continuous infusion (CI), ATM per label dosing, and ATM as a CI. Arms 5 and 6 are the two AVYCAZ and ATM combination drug administration treatment groups. The duration of subject participation will be up to 44 days, and the total length of the study will be 15 months. The primary objective of this study is to describe the safety of two dosing regimens of AVYCAZ combined with ATM relative to AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone in healthy adult subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bacterial Infection Drug: AZACTAM Drug: Ceftazidime-Avibactam Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase I, open-label, non-randomized, single center study in 48 healthy adult male and female subjects, aged 18 to 45 years. This study is aimed to investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime-avibactam (AVYCAZ) combined with aztreonam (ATM), AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone. The study will have 6 arms, arms 1-4 are the single drug administration treatment groups and will include AVYCAZ per label dosing, AVYCAZ as a continuous infusion (CI), ATM per label dosing, and ATM as a continuous infusion (CI). Arms 5 and 6 are the two AVYCAZ and ATM combination drug administration treatment groups. The duration of subject participation will be up to 44 days, and the total length of the study will be 15 months. The primary objective of this study is to describe the safety of two dosing regimens of AVYCAZ combined with ATM relative to AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone in healthy adult subjects. The secondary objectives of this study are to; 1) Characterize the PK profiles of two dosing regimens of AVYCAZ combined with ATM, AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone at the population level in healthy adult subjects; 2) Characterize the PK profiles of two dosing regimens of AVYCAZ combined with ATM, AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone following initiation of dosing on day 1 in healthy adult subjects; and 3) Characterize the PK profiles of two dosing regimens of AVYCAZ combined with ATM, AVYCAZ alone, and ATM alone following multiple daily dosing in healthy adult subjects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-Label Study in Healthy Adults to Evaluate the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of AVYCAZ(R) in Combination With Aztreonam (COMBINE)
Actual Study Start Date : June 14, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 9, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 9, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
2.5g dose of ceftazidime-avibactam (AVYCAZ) administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion, every 8 hours for 7 days. N=8
Drug: Ceftazidime-Avibactam
An antibacterial combination product containing ceftazidime and avibactam

Experimental: Arm 2
2.5g dose of AVYCAZ administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion once, then 0.32g dose per hour daily as a continuous infusion (7.5 g/day) for 7 days. N=8
Drug: Ceftazidime-Avibactam
An antibacterial combination product containing ceftazidime and avibactam

Experimental: Arm 3
2g dose of aztreonam (ATM) administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion, every 6 hours for 7 days. N=8
Drug: AZACTAM
A synthetic monobactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum

Experimental: Arm 4
2g of ATM administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion once, then 0.33g dose administered intravenously per hour, daily as a continuous infusion (8 g/day) for 7 days. N=8
Drug: AZACTAM
A synthetic monobactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum

Experimental: Arm 5
2.5g dose of AVYCAZ administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion, every 8 hours for 7 days, and a 1.5g dose of ATM administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion, every 6 hours for 7 days. N=8
Drug: AZACTAM
A synthetic monobactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum

Drug: Ceftazidime-Avibactam
An antibacterial combination product containing ceftazidime and avibactam

Experimental: Arm 6
2.5 g dose of AVYCAZ administered intravenously as a 2-hour infusion every 8 hours for 7 days, and a 2g dose of ATM as a 2-hour infusion every 6 hours for 7 days. N=8
Drug: AZACTAM
A synthetic monobactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum

Drug: Ceftazidime-Avibactam
An antibacterial combination product containing ceftazidime and avibactam




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of subjects with at least one Grade 2 or higher treatment-emergent adverse event [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 11 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Accumulation ratio for [AUC(0-Tau)] (Area under the plasma concentration-time curve of study drug) [RAUC(0-Tau)] [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
  2. Accumulation ratio for Cmax (maximum plasma concentration) (RCmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
  3. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve of study drug at steady state during the dosing interval [AUC(0-Tau,ss)] [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
  4. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve of study drug during the dosing interval on Day 1 [AUC(0-Tau)] [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
  5. Incidence of all treatment- emergent adverse events, by severity level [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 11 ]
  6. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of study drug after the first dose [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
  7. Maximum plasma concentration at steady state (Css,max) of study drug following multiple daily dosing [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  8. Minimum plasma concentration of study drug at steady state (Css,min) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  9. Minimum plasma concentration of study drug at the end of the dosing interval on Day 1 (Cmin) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
  10. Renal Clearance (CLR) of study drug [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
  11. Steady state concentration of study drug after continuous infusion (Css) [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  12. Systemic plasma clearance (CL) of study drug [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
  13. Time to Cmax (maximum plasma concentration) (Tmax) of study drug after the first dose [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
  14. Time to Css,max (maximum plasma concentration at steady state) (Tss,max) of study drug [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  15. Volume of distribution of study drug during terminal phase (VZ) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Provide a signed and dated written informed consent.
  2. Be able to understand and willing to comply with study procedures, restrictions, and requirements, as determined by the Principal Investigator (PI).
  3. Male and female volunteers aged 18 to 45 years inclusive.
  4. Suitable veins for cannulation or repeated venipuncture.
  5. Subject must be in good general health as judged by the investigator as determined by medical history, vital signs*, body mass index (BMI) and body weight**, clinical laboratory values***, and physical examination (PE).

    *Oral temp <38.0 degrees Celsius/100.4 degrees Fahrenheit; pulse 50 to 100 bpm; systolic blood pressure 90 to 140 mm Hg, and diastolic blood pressure 55 to 90 mmHg.

    **BMI between 19-33 kg/m^2 and body weight > / = 50 kg

    ***Clinical chemistry, hematology, coagulation and urinalysis results within the clinical laboratory reference ranges; clinical laboratory values outside these ranges, if considered by the site investigator to be clinically insignificant, are also acceptable

  6. Sexually active female subjects must be of non-childbearing potential**** or must use a highly effective method of birth control*****.

    ****Non-childbearing potential is defined as being post-menopausal for at least 18 months or surgically sterile via hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal sterilization.

    *****Sexually active female subjects of childbearing potential must avoid becoming pregnant by using one of the following acceptable methods of birth control for 30 days prior to study product dosing and must be maintained for 30 days after last dose of study product: Intrauterine contraceptive device; OR Approved hormonal contraceptives (such as birth control pills, skin patches, Implanon(R), Nexplanon(R), DepoProvera(R) or NuvaRing(R)); OR Birth control must be captured on the appropriate data collection form.

  7. Sexually active male subjects must be vasectomized or agree to use barrier contraception (condom with spermicide) from first dose of study product until 30 days following the last dose of study product.
  8. Nonsmokers defined as abstinence from cigarette smoking or use of nicotine-containing products for 6 months prior to enrollment into the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of any clinically significant (CS) disease or disorder, medical/surgical procedure, or trauma within 4 weeks prior to the first administration of study product(s)*.

    *In the opinion of the PI, may either put the volunteer at risk because of participation in the study, or influence the results or the volunteer's ability to participate in the study

  2. History or presence of gastrointestinal, hepatic, or renal disease, or any other condition known to interfere with absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs.
  3. Known history of a clinically important allergy/hypersensitivity to AVI, any monobactam, any beta-lactam and/or L-arginine.
  4. Receipt of probenecid or furosemide within 14 days prior to study enrollment.
  5. Receipt of any antibiotics within 14 days prior to study enrollment.
  6. Receipt of prescription medications (except birth control pills or hormone replacement in females) within 14 days prior to study enrollment, unless in the opinion of site investigator the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or impact subject safety.
  7. Receipt of non-antibiotic medications that interacts with OAT3** within 14 days prior to study enrollment.

    **Adefovir, Anagliptin, Baricitinib, Cefaclor, Cimetidine, Ciprofloxacin (Systemic), Clofarabine, Eluxadoline, Empagliflozin, Furosemide, Ketoprofen, Methotrexate, Mycophenolate, PEMEtrexed, Penicillin G (Parenteral/Aqueous), Penicillin G Benzathine, Penicillin G Procaine, Penicillin V Benzathine, Penicillin V Potassium, Zidovudine

  8. Receipt of herbal and dietary supplements (including St. John's Wort) within 14 days prior to study enrollment.
  9. ALT or AST laboratory value above the ULN as defined in the toxicity table.
  10. Prolonged QTcF (> 450 msec) or shortened QTcF (< 340 msec) or family history of long QT syndrome. Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction, or morphology of resting ECG***.

    ***Abnormalities that may interfere with interpretation of QTc interval changes per the medical judgment of the PI.

  11. Any positive result on screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody.
  12. Creatinine clearance equal or less than 80 mL/minute (measured by Cockcroft-Gault method).
  13. History of Clostridium difficile infection in past 90 days.
  14. Known or suspected history of drug or alcohol abuse within the last 5 years, as judged by the PI.
  15. Positive screen for drugs of abuse, cotinine (nicotine), or alcohol at screening and at admission to the study site prior to the first administration of the study products(s).
  16. Received a new chemical entity (compound not approved for marketing) or participated in a study that included drug treatment within 1 month of the first dose of study product(s) for study ****.

    ****Period of exclusion begins at the time of the last visit of the prior study.

    Note: subjects consented and screened, but not dosed in this study or a previous Phase I study will not be excluded.

  17. Previous participation in the present study.
  18. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study.
  19. Any ongoing/recent (during screening) medical complaints that may interfere with analysis of study data or are considered unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions, and requirements *****.

    *****Judgment by the PI that the subject should not participate in the study.

  20. Known history of past or current epilepsy or seizure disorders, excluding febrile seizures of childhood.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03978091


Contacts
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Contact: Jeffrey Talbot Guptill 19196841018 jeffrey.guptill@duke.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Duke University School of Medicine - Duke Clinical Research Institute - Duke Clinical Research Unit Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710-4000
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03978091    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-0107
2UM1AI104681-08 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 6, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2020
Last Verified: February 7, 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Aztreonam
Ceftazidime-Avibactam
Efficacy
Healthy
Pharmacokinetics
Population
Safety
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bacterial Infections
Ceftazidime
Avibactam
Avibactam, ceftazidime drug combination
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action