Predicting Outcomes of PAD Patients Undergoing Endovascular Intervention With CTA
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03974880|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 5, 2019
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD), the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity following coronary artery disease and stroke, affect 200 million people worldwide and is associated with high rates of cardiovascular events and death. Consensus is reached on an "endovascular-first-strategy" for symptomatic PAD who have developed critical limb ischemia.
However, the challenge of endovascular therapy is the long-term patency, and the associated worse clinical outcomes, including higher rates of major adverse cardiovascular events, and major adverse limb events. Meta-analysis concluded that restenosis occurred rate 5-70 % at 1 year; the incidence of adverse limb outcomes, (including worsening of symptoms, the need for peripheral revascularization, and amputation) was 26% over a period of 4 years; Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality up to 28 % after endovascular therapy.
There are no consensus guidelines on the optimal timing and the factor on adverse clinical outcome remains uncertain. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to conduct a structured surveillance plan for follow-up care and evaluate risk factors that will eventually support development of a predictive model for clinical outcomes of endovascular procedures to treat lower extremity PAD.
|Condition or disease|
|Peripheral Artery Disease|
This is a prospective, observational, multi-center, clinical study examining predictors of clinical outcomes for patients undergoing PAD endovascular treatment. The study population will undergo lower extremity computed tomographic angiography (CTA )and endovascular intervention procedures. CT scanning was performed with the coverage from the common iliac artery bifurcation to the tiptoe, CTA data were transfer to an offline workstation for further analysis. Axial images, cross-sectional views, curved planar reformations and multiplane reformations, as well as three dimensional maximum intensity projection images were available for evaluation. This includes disease in a vessel located proximal(involving the aortoiliac and femoropopliteal locations), distal, (involving the infrapopliteal location), proximal and distal (multilevel disease).
We conduct a detailed chart review to gather the data related to the index endovascular intervention procedures report, study personnel history and physical presentation, laboratory inspection, the lesion characteristics arising from CTA. Data abstract from chart review include indication for procedure (intermittent claudication, rest pain, and tissue loss), detailed lesion characteristics (lesion length, stenosis severity, diameter, and presence of total occlusion), procedure(s) performed and devices used, and per procedural events.
Patients will be followed up for the occurrence of these outcomes from the time of their initial revascularization procedure(1month after enrollment, and at months 3 (+- 2 weeks), 6 (+- 2 weeks), and 12 (+- 2 weeks)).
The follow-up of Clinical outcomes : Primary clinical outcomes of interest were ：1）restenosis in the treated segment（Restenosis was defined as a reduction in the luminal diameter of more than 50 percent according to any imaging examinations such as duplex ultrasound, CTA,magnetic resonance Imaging(MRI) or digital subtraction angiography(DSA) ）；2）re-intervention in the treated segment for the clinical progression. Secondary end points included:1) all lower extremity amputation, 2) all -cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke; 3) a neo- segment more than 75 % stenosis and clinical assessment requires intervention .
Cox proportional hazards models were created to show the hazard ratios (HRs) associated with lesion characters and patient demographic and clinical characteristics ,and further identify predictors of clinical outcomes, moreover, plotted unadjusted Kaplan Meier curves for lower extremity peripheral artery patients undergone endovascular revascularization.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||480 participants|
|Official Title:||Predicting the Clinical Outcomes of Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease Undergoing Endovascular Intervention Based on Computed Tomographic Angiography|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||July 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2022|
Freedom from restenosis or clinically driven re-intervention in the treated lesion at 1,3,6,12 months after procedures
Restenosis was defined as a reduction in the luminal diameter of more than 50 percent according to any imaging examinations such as duplex ultrasound, CTA, MRI or DSA Re-intervention in the treated segment for the clinical progression at 1,3,6,12 months after procedures
the second adverse events group
a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke and any amputation at 1,3,6,12 months after procedures
- restenosis group [ Time Frame: at 1,3,6,12 moth ]Restenosis was defined as a reduction in the luminal diameter of more than 50 percent according to any imaging examinations such as duplex ultrasound, CTA, MRI or DSA
- re-intervention group [ Time Frame: at 1,3,6,12 moth ]re-intervention in the treated segment for the clinical progression, but a reduction in the luminal diameter of low than 50 percent according to any imaging examinations.
- amputation [ Time Frame: at 1,3,6,12 moth ]all lower extremity amputation
- Co-morbid cardio-cerebral vascular diseases [ Time Frame: at 1,3,6,12 moth ]Co-morbid cardio-cerebral vascular diseases include all -cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke
- neo- segment lesion [ Time Frame: at 1,3,6,12 moth ]a neo- segment lesion is more than 75 % stenosis and clinical assessment requires intervention
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03974880
|Contact: Li Zhou, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Jian Yang, MD,PhD|
|First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University|
|Xi'an, Shaanxi, China|
|Contact: Jian Yang, Ph.D.,M.D. +8618991232396 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Jian Yang, MD,PhD||First Affiliated Hospital Xi'an Jiaotong University|