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Developing an Injury Prevention Simulation Game to Better Engage Parents in Services -Home Safety Hero (HSH)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03965377
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : May 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sandra Azar, Penn State University

Brief Summary:

This study will test the effectiveness of novel technology-based game to teach parents and parents to be home safety skills. These include the identification of home child injury risks under two conditions (with and without distraction) and how to resolve these risks to better protect preschool children from injuries. Few empirically validated home safety interventions exist and the best ones involve individual home visitors. These and others that use didactic instruction or provision of written material have poor response from low socioeconomic parents who are less literate and more resistant to outsiders entering their homes. The use of a computer game to provide education in this area is being tested for effectiveness and the game's engagement will also be examined.

Given cognitive problems in parents have been linked in the PI's work to child neglect (e.g., poor child supervision), links of performance on the game to cognitive capacities will also be examined in a preliminary way.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parenting Behavioral: Home Safety Hero Computer Game Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study will compare a group of parents and parents to be who play the game multiple times (n=15) to a wait list group (n=15) who just play it once. The study will examine reaction times to identification and resolution of the risks overall and by category of risk (e.g., poisoning, burns, suffocation, etc.). The study will also examine failures on levels of the game which are graded for difficulty. The game was designed for low failure rate to increase engagement and to improve motivation.

Changes in the participants' perception of efficacy in preventing injuries to children and their engagement with the game (using a standardized usability survey) will be examined. The study will also examine the role of experience with the use of technology and cognitive capacities in relation to performance and pre-post changes with multiple plays of the game.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: teen parents and parents to be will be randomly assigned to game play (4 vs 1) to assess the effectiveness of the computer game to decrease time to identifying home hazards, improve identification of resolutions of hazards, and time to identify home hazards under distraction conditions
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Injuries Aren't Part of the Game: Developing an Injury Prevention Simulation Game to Better Engage Parents in Services
Actual Study Start Date : February 6, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Home Safety Hero game play
Home Safety Hero is parental psychoeducational computer game to prevent childhood injuries
Behavioral: Home Safety Hero Computer Game
Home Safety Hero computer game presents players with virtual rooms in a home where vilians have planted safety risks. It involves the player taking the role of a body guard for a child. It has three phases: 1. Identifying risks in a set of rooms (e.g., burn, falling, suffocation, poisoning); 2. Identifying risks and then selecting a resolution to reduce the risk or eliminate it entirely; and 3. Identifying risk when faced with distractions typical to home environments (e.g., phone ringing, fire engine siren sounds, a moving child).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Learning [ Time Frame: one week (four plays of the game) The outcomes average seconds until identification will be examined across the four game plays and also can be examined for each of four plays of the game. ]
    The game is designed to improve speed of identifying home safety hazards with and without distractions and also identify effective resolutions of the risks. Speed in identification is measured in seconds. Effectiveness in identifying resolutions is measured in seconds as well (e.g., seconds til correct response). Average time to identification of risks in each of the three phases of the game can be computed (Identification Phase, Resolution Phase, and Distraction Phase). The game will also give whether the resolutions selected are correct and thus, a percentage of correct resolutions can be computed for the entire resolution phase.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. :Perception of efficacy in preventing childhood injuries: PARENT SENSE OF INJURY COMPETENCE SCALE [ Time Frame: pre and one week later This outcome will be measured using PARENT SENSE OF INJURY COMPETENCE SCALE. This instrument has 16 items that are rated on a 1-6 scale with 6 indicating greater efficacy. The items are totaled for overall efficacy perception. ]
    The participants' change in perception of efficacy in preventing childhood injuries

  2. Engagement in the game [ Time Frame: This instrument is collected one time at post test once they have completed game play. The time frame is one week after entering the study. ]
    A survey instrument [Usability Survey (UES)] will be collected that measures engagement in the game. This instrument has 26 items that assess engagement with the game rated on a five point scale from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5). The ratings are totalled for an overall engagement score and this will be used to measure engagement.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Based on self-representation of gender identity
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:participants who are parents or parents to be from a high school program in Altoona, PA. For those less than age 18, parental permission for participation is required


Exclusion Criteria: non-English Speaking; ones whose due date falls in the study period and who are not likely to complete the project.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03965377

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United States, Pennsylvania
Sandra T. Azar
University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, 16802
Sponsors and Collaborators
Penn State University
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Principal Investigator: Sandra T Azar, PhD Penn State University
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Responsible Party: Sandra Azar, Professor, Penn State University Identifier: NCT03965377    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00008278
First Posted: May 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 29, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Sandra Azar, Penn State University:
effectiveness of gaming technology
knowledge of childhood injury prevention
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Wounds and Injuries