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Liquid Biopsy in Monitoring the Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Operation in Gastric Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03957564
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jiuda Zhao, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University

Brief Summary:
To explore the clinical value of dynamic detection of circulating tumor cells(CTCs), circulating tumor DNA(ctDNA) and cell-free DNA(cfDNA) in neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation of resectable or locally advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastric Cancer Gastro-oesophageal Junction Cancer Drug: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with PSOX regimen. Other: Detect the imaging data and levels of CTC, ctDNA, cfDNA, CEA, CA19-9, CA72-4 in plasma. Other: Detect the tumor related DNA in pathological tissues after operation. Other: Follow-up of DFS and OS in patients with gastric cancer after operation. Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Gastric cancer(GC) is one of the common malignant tumors in world, with relatively high incident rate and mortality among the population. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is often needed before operation for locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy should be combined with platinum and fluorouracil, or paclitaxel should be added on the basis of platinum and fluorouracil. The efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for GC patients is usually evaluated by computer tomography(CT) scans with RECIST 1.1 criteria and the blood level of carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA),CA19-9 (carbohydrate antigen 19-9)and CA72-4(carbohydrate antigen 72-4) tumor markers.

CTC originating from solid tumors are related to hematogenous metastatic spread to distant sites. Therefore, CTC analysis has clinical relevance as a biomarker to noninvasively monitor cancer progression and guide therapy.Moreover, ctDNA is a part of cfDNA derived from apoptotic, necrotic or secreted DNA fragments of tumor cells, ctDNA contains the same genetic defects as the tumor DNA of its origin, such as point mutation and rearrangement. We speculate CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA are new biomarkers for tumor, which can guide neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgical treatment for patients with locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.

In this study, investigators will compare the clinical value of the dynamic detection of CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA with CEA ,CA19-9 and CA72-4 tumor markers and CT scan according the RECIST 1.1 criteria in neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation for resectable or locally advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer. Investigators will also explore the relationship between the dynamic changes of CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA and the prognosis of patients after operation. The results will provide lots of meaningful information which may further improve the treatment of locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Liquid Biopsy in Monitoring the Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Operation in Patients With Resectable or Locally Advanced Gastric or Gastro-oesophageal Junction Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : May 28, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 20, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 20, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
  1. Compare the monitoring of CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA with the results of CT scan and the blood level of CEA ,CA19-9 and CA72-4 tumor markers to explore the clinical value of dynamic detection of CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA in neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation for locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.
  2. Explore the clinical value of different types of CTC in neoadjuvant chemotherapy and Operation for locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer. CTC can be classified into three types: epithelial CTC, mesenchymal CTC, hybrids CTC.
  3. Explore the consistency between plasma ctDNA and tumor related DNA in pathological tissues after operation.
  4. To explore the relationship between the dynamic changes of plasma CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA levels and the prognosis of patients after operation.
Drug: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with PSOX regimen.

Resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy with PSOX(Paclitaxel+Oxaliplatin+S1)regimen.

The details are as follows:

Paclitaxel 135mg/m2 d1, Oxaliplatin 85mg/m2 d1, S1 40-60mg/m2 twice daily, d1-14 , 21 days is one cycle.


Other: Detect the imaging data and levels of CTC, ctDNA, cfDNA, CEA, CA19-9, CA72-4 in plasma.
Detect the imaging data and levels of CTC, ctDNA, cfDNA, CEA, CA19-9, CA72-4 in 3 time points:Before neoadjuvant chemotherapy, After 2-3 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 10 days after operation.

Other: Detect the tumor related DNA in pathological tissues after operation.
Detect the tumor related DNA in pathological tissues after operation.

Other: Follow-up of DFS and OS in patients with gastric cancer after operation.
Follow-up of DFS and OS in patients with locally advanced or resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal Junction cancer.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Numbers of CTC pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Numbers of CTC pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation.

  2. Types of CTC pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Types of CTC pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation.

  3. Mutation rate of ctDNA pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Mutation rate of ctDNA pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation.

  4. Concentration of cfDNA pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Concentration of cfDNA pre- and post- neoadjuvant chemotherapy and after operation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Free Survival(DFS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The relationship between CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA and DFS in patients with resectable or locally advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.

  2. Overall survival(OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The relationship between CTC, ctDNA and cfDNA and OS in patients with resectable or locally advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.

  3. Types of tumor-associated DNA in tumor tissues after operation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Types of tumor-associated DNA in tumor tissues after operation.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with resectable or locally advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer(>T1 and N+) without distant metastases (M0).
  2. Pathological examination confirmed gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer (adenocarcinoma, signet ring cell carcinoma, mucinous adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, regardless of the degree of tissue differentiation).
  3. Ambulatory males or females, age ≥ 18 years.
  4. Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS) ≥70 or ECOG(Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status: 0 or 1.
  5. Patients who can tolerate PSOX neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
  6. Planning to undergo radical gastrectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
  7. With cancer lesions that can be measured according to RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  8. No prior antitumor treatment is allowed, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immune therapy or target therapy.
  9. Adequate organ function as defined below: Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl, Absolute neutrophil count(ANC) ≥ 1.5×109/L, Platelets ≥ 100*109/L, Alkaline phosphatase( ALP) ≤ 2.5×ULN,Total bilirubin(TBIL)≤ 1.5×ULN(upper limit of normal), Renal Serum Creatinine < 1.5 ULN, Serum Albumin ≥ 30g/l.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Female in pregnancy or lactation, or refuse to receive contraception measures during chemotherapy.
  2. With distant metastasis or peritoneal dissemination diagnosed by CT/EUS(endoscopic ultrasonography).
  3. Underwent prior antitumor treatment, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immune therapy or target therapy.
  4. Serious uncontrolled intercurrent infections or other serious uncontrolled concomitant disease or condition that would make the subject inappropriate for study participation.
  5. Clinically serious cardiac disease or pulmonary dysfunction.
  6. Refuse to provide blood/tissue sample.
  7. Other situation to be judged not adaptive to the study by investigators.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03957564


Locations
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China, Qinghai
Jiuda Zhao Recruiting
Xining, Qinghai, China, 810000
Contact: Jiuda Zhao    +8613327661976    jiudazhao@126.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University

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Responsible Party: Jiuda Zhao, Professor, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03957564     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AHQU-2019002
First Posted: May 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 8, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Jiuda Zhao, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University:
Gastric cancer
Gastro-oesophageal junction cancer
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Radical gastrectomy
Circulating tumor cells
Circulating tumor DNA
Circulating cell free DNA
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases