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Cryotherapy With in Situ Immunotherapy in Melanoma Metastasis (CRIRIN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03949153
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Strasbourg, France

Brief Summary:

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer and its incidence has doubled every 20 years in France, where this cancer is responsible of more than 1600 deaths each year.

Patients with early diagnosis have good prognosis and can be generally cured by surgery only. Advanced melanoma however has a very bad prognosis.

Loco-regional lymph nodes are usually the first distant localization in metastatic melanoma. Lymph node dissection is then the recommended treatment, although it's impact on survival has never been proven.

In the same way, the benefit risk profile of interferon as adjuvant treatment after lymph node dissection is still much debated.

Recently, new treatments either with immunotherapy (ipilimumab, nivolumab) or by the targeted therapy dabrafenib/trametinib in patients with BRAF mutation have shown an impact on survival in the adjuvant setting after lymph node dissection.

But, it has not yet been established if this strategy has a benefit gain compared to starting those treatments only in the metastatic setting after watchful follow-up.

Moreover, if these novel therapies (targeted therapies: TT, immunotherapies : IT) demonstrated for the first time a real benefit in terms of survival or of responses rates in melanoma, physicians and patients had to address new problems, such as the management of unusual adverse events.

Partial and dissociated responses can also be seen with those new treatments. Some patients will have complete response in some lesions, stabilization in others and progression in a few. It is to be expected that one of the real key points of this therapy is to be found here, as this situation is commonly seen, and it would probably be a poor choice to stop a treatment that is globally effective for progression of only 1 or 2 lesions, in a patient otherwise stabilized.

That is the context in which interventional radiology (IR) should be considered as an extremely efficient option. IR is a real medical revolution in the last 2 decades.

It provides not only the opportunity to determine the characteristics of residual lesion (fibrosis, necrosis, metastasis, or sarcoidosis,…) by biopsy, but allows also their targeted destruction through different technics (cryotherapy, radiofrequency, laser,…).

The investigators are fortunate to have in their institution one of the best IR department of the world (headed by Prof. Afshin GANGI), with a technical platform unique in Europe that allows IR through ultrasound, scan, petscan and MRI.

To the best of their knowledge, Immunotherapy associated with IR has not been performed so far.

This association could in theory:

  1. Combine immunotherapy with tumoral necrosis, which inherently increases the effects of immunotherapy by massive tumoral leakage of danger signals and tumoral antigens;
  2. Allow direct injection in targeted zones, where the beneficial effect is desired, and thus increase the expected immune response;
  3. Reduce side effects related to immunotherapy, by reducing quantities injected; which seems particularly important in the (neo)-adjuvant setting.

That's why the investigators are willing to conduct this pilot project, the objectives of which are:

  1. Providing a proof of the feasibility of this association,
  2. Obtaining preliminary insights on the effects on non-targeted lesions,
  3. Adding a translational research to establish the effect on tumor antigenic expression and the immune response.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Drug: Nivolumab 10 MG/ML Intravenous Solution [OPDIVO] Procedure: Cryotherapy Drug: Ipilimumab Injection Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Cryotherapy Under Interventional Radiology Combined With in Situ Ipilimumab and a Flat Dose of Nivolumab in Stage IIIB/C Melanoma. Prospective Proof of Concept Study.
Actual Study Start Date : August 16, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental arm
Single Nivolumab 240 mg infusion at D0, followed by cryotherapy using interventional radiology of metastatic lymphadenopathy at D1 and in situ injection with ipilimumab at D2.
Drug: Nivolumab 10 MG/ML Intravenous Solution [OPDIVO]
Single Nivolumab 240 mg infusion at D0

Procedure: Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy using interventional radiology of metastatic lymphadenopathy at D1

Drug: Ipilimumab Injection
In situ injection with ipilimumab at D2.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of failures linked to the procedure [ Time Frame: Day 1 (cryoablation) or Day 2 (ipilimumab injection) ]

    Number of failures linked to the procedure, from all causes (unless the patient changes his/her mind = withdrawal from the study). In the context of this study, failure is defined as follows:

    • Technically impossible to perform the cryoablation procedure, or
    • Impossible to inject at least 2 ml of ipilimumab into the treated lymphadenopathy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Size of target and non-targeted lymphadenopathies [ Time Frame: before (inclusion visit) and 4 to 7 weeks after the procedure (V5 visit). ]
  2. Overall and progression-free survival [ Time Frame: All along the study, until the end of study visit (6 months after the procedure) ]
    Overall and progression-free survival of this cohort with a recent historical cohort (similar patients at stages IIIB/C treated in the dermatology clinic 1 year earlier).

  3. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From Day 0 to the end of study visit (6 months after the procedure) ]
    Number, nature and severity of adverse events and serious adverse events (according to NCI CTCAE) related to immune therapy and cryoablation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject with previously treated (or unknown) primary stage IIIB/IIIC melanoma with lymph node metastases, with at least one ≥1 cm3 that is accessible to cryotherapy under interventional radiology (IR), assessed at the inclusion visit (V1).
  2. ECOG performance status (0 to 2) at the selection visit (V0)
  3. Woman or man of reproductive age with no desire to procreate for the duration of their participation in the study, agreeing to use a highly effective contraception method*, with at least one barrier method (condom or diaphragm), and for 5 months after the infusion of Nivolumab for women and 7 months for men
  4. Leukocytes >2000/mm3, neutrophils >1500/mm3, platelets >100,000/mm3, haemoglobin >9g/dl at the selection visit (V0)
  5. Total bilirubin <1.5 mg/dl except for patients with Gilbert's syndrome who may have total bilirubin <3.0 mg/dl at the selection visit (V0)
  6. Liver function: SGOT, SGPT, ALP <2.5 N, if liver metastases SGOT and SGPT <5 N at the selection visit (V0)
  7. Serum creatinine <1.5 N or creatinine clearance >40 ml/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault equation) at the selection visit (V0)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy (women of childbearing potential : positive blood pregnancy test at the selection visit (V0) or breastfeeding
  2. History of hypersensitivity to ipilimumab, nivolumab or one of the excipients
  3. History of severe hypersensitivity to a monoclonal antibody
  4. History of positive tests for HIV or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV assessed at the selection visit (V0))
  5. Positive tests for HCV or HBV indicating an acute or chronic infection at the selection visit (V0)
  6. Patient presenting with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. The following, however, may participate:

    • patient with type 1 diabetes or hypothyroidism requiring substitute hormone therapy only;
    • patient with psoriasis, vitiligo or alopecia;
    • patient with conditions that are not known to reoccur without an exogenous triggering agent.
  7. History of active neoplasia during the last 3 years with the exception of localised curable cancers considered to be cured, such as basal or squamous cell carcinomas, superficial bladder cancer and prostate, colon or breast carcinoma in situ.
  8. Active systemic infection
  9. Patient with a condition requiring systemic steroid treatment (at a dose >10 mg/prednisone equivalent or at unstable dose) or another immunosuppressant within/following 14 days of study drugs administration. Inhaled steroids and treatment for adrenal insufficiency, however, are permitted.
  10. Contraindication for the cryotherapy procedure as assessed by the radiologist (due to tumour size or proximity to a vascular or nerve structure giving the procedure an unacceptable level of risk) at the inclusion visit (V1)
  11. Clotting disorder that may interfere with the cryoablation, assessed at the selection visit (V0)
  12. Contraindication for MRI with gadolinium-based contrast media
  13. History of uveal melanoma
  14. Patient having received prior treatment for their melanoma, in particular, patient previously treated with interferon fewer than 3 months ago or with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD-137 or anti-CTLA-4 antibody. Patients who have undergone primary melanoma surgery and the excision of in-transit metastases, as well as adjuvant therapy with interferon if completed over 3 months ago are eligible.
  15. Contraindication for general and/or local anaesthesia
  16. Patient operated on under general anaesthesia, within the 4 weeks prior to the planned Nivolumab infusion.
  17. Patient operated on epidural anaesthesia, within the 72 h prior to the planned Nivolumab infusion.
  18. History of anterior organ transplantation, including allograft stem cell transplantation.
  19. History of interstitial lung disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03949153

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Contact: Dan LIPSKER, MD PhD +33 3 88 11 61 79

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Clinique Dermatologique/Radiologie Interventionnelle/Urologie/Gynécologie-Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg Recruiting
Strasbourg, France, 67091
Contact: Dan LIPSKER, MD, PhD    +33 3 88 11 61 79   
Sub-Investigator: Cédric LENORMAND         
Sub-Investigator: Jean-Nicolas SCRIVENER         
Sub-Investigator: Guillaume HAZEMANN         
Sub-Investigator: Afshin GANGI         
Sub-Investigator: Julien GARNON         
Sub-Investigator: Jean CAUDRELIER         
Sub-Investigator: Roberto Luigi CAZATTO         
Sub-Investigator: Pierre AULOGE         
Sub-Investigator: Guillaume KOCH         
Sub-Investigator: Alice KIENY         
Sub-Investigator: Hervé LANG         
Sub-Investigator: Mousselim GHARBI         
Principal Investigator: Dan LIPSKER         
Sub-Investigator: Lise LECOINTRE         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Strasbourg, France
Bristol-Myers Squibb
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Principal Investigator: Dan LIPSKER, MD PhD Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Strasbourg, France Identifier: NCT03949153    
Other Study ID Numbers: 7102
First Posted: May 14, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents