Bone Height Gain Following Transcrestal Sinus Floor Elevation Using Piezoelectric Surgery Versus The Conventional Osteotome Technique
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03944811|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Alveolar Bone Loss||Procedure: piezoelectric device Procedure: Summers technique||Not Applicable|
Many solutions were suggested to overcome the problem of placing implants in the vertically compromised bone height in the maxillary posterior region. These solutions include the placement of short wide implants, long tilted zygomatic implants, vertical ridge augmentation and elevation of the sinus membrane to increase the available length for implant placement.
The use of short implants (<10 mm in length) is a reasonable solution that reduces the risk of interference with anatomic structures and claimed to have success rate as high as conventional implants. However, short implants have faced many challenges due to less bone-to-implant contact, more crestal bone resorption, and compromised crown-to-implant ratio. Another treatment option is the use of zygomatic implants. However, many complications may be associated with zygomatic implants such as oro-antral fistula formation, maxillary sinusitis, and peri-implant bleeding.
Vertical augmentation of the resorbed alveolar ridge is another treatment option. It can be done by onlay grafting, distraction osteogenesis and guided bone regeneration. Although success rates of various bone grafting techniques are high, there are many inherent disadvantages which include prolonged treatment times, raised treatment costs and increased surgical invasion associated with patient morbidity and potential complications.
To overcome these problems, elevation of the sinus membrane techniques were proposed, it can be performed either through a lateral window, or via a crestal access. The selection between these two techniques is mainly based on the remaining residual vertical subsinus bone height. Lateral approach of sinus elevation is indicated when the residual bone height is of 4 mm or less, while the crestal approach is used in case of residual ridge of 5-6 mm.
Many long term studies and systematic reviews have showed that osteotome mediated sinus floor elevation (OSFE) technique is a highly predictable method for rehabilitation of patients with atrophied posterior maxilla with survival rates ranging from 92 % to 100 %. However, endoscopic studies have demonstrated the risk of membrane perforation while performing transalveolar sinus floor elevation. Moreover, the Summers technique can cause some complications as headache and paroxysmal positional vertigo.
The piezoelectric internal sinus elevation (PISE) technique was first introduced by Sohn in 2009. Using piezoelectric ultrasonic vibration (25-30 kHz), the piezosurgery device cuts only mineralized structures precisely without cutting soft tissues even in case of accidental contact. Moreover, the cavitation effect produces a hydropneumatic pressure in the physiological saline solution that leads to atraumatic sinus membrane elevation. Another advantage of piezosurgery is its precision as the movement of the piezosurgery knife is very small, so the cutting precision is great and the patients discomfort is minimal. In addition, the air-water cavitation effect of the piezoelectric device sustains a blood-free surgical field which improves visualization of the surgical field. This technique overcomes the problem of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo caused by malleting during the osteotome mediated sinus floor elevation.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||22 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of Bone Height Gain Following Transcrestal Sinus Floor Elevation Using Piezoelectric Surgery Versus The Conventional Osteotome Technique in Patients With Atrophic Posterior Maxillae: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||September 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 1, 2021|
|Active Comparator: Transcrestal sinus floor elevation using Summers technique||
Procedure: Summers technique
|Experimental: Transcrestal sinus floor elevation using piezoelectric surgery||
Procedure: piezoelectric device
crestal approach will be used to augment the maxillary sinus with simultaneous implant placement
- Amount of bone height gain [ Time Frame: 6 months ]