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Skin Immunity Sample Collection Involving Blisters and Biopsies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03921515
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 22, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:


The way the body heals and protects itself from getting sick is called the immune response. Some people with weak immune systems get sick often or get rashes and skin infections. Researchers want to find out how the immune system and skin problems are related so they can help these people.


To learn about how immune response and skin healing are related to each other.


People ages 18-65 with hyper IgE syndrome or Job syndrome or people ages 7-65 with chronic granulomatous disease. Healthy volunteers ages 18 65 are also needed.


Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Possible urine tests

Participants will have 1 to 3 visits within about a week. Visits will include the following:

Participants will have a wells device strapped to the inside of the forearm. It will suction the skin and pull the top layer away to form 8 blisters. The skin over the blisters and the liquid inside will be collected.

Participants will have up to 4 skin biopsies. A sharp tool will remove a small plug of skin from the forearm.

Participants may have blood and urine tests.

The skin on participants skin will be rubbed with a cotton swab.

Some participants will have an overnight visit. They will have the blister device placed back on the arm. The wells will be lined up over the blister wounds. The wells will be filled with either saline or the participant s blood serum. The device will be covered and left on the arm for up to 24 hours. Doctors will periodically remove some liquid from the wells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hyper-Immunoglobulin E. Syndrome (HEIS) Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) Other: Blister induction Other: Skin Biopsies Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The incidence of community-associated (CA) staphylococcal infections, especially those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), has increased in recent years. Skin and soft tissues are the primary sites for these infections. Although many patients without apparent underlying immune dysfunction suffer from recurrent and persistent skin infections with S.aureus, patients with conditions such as hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES, or Job s syndrome) and chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) are disproportionately affected. Although underlying host molecular defects responsible for some of these predisposing conditions have been uncovered in recent years, the skin immune response to S. aureus infections has not been elucidated in either healthy volunteers or susceptible populations. We hypothesize that the local skin response determines susceptibility to S. aureus skin infection.

In this sample collection protocol, we will perform exploratory evaluations of anti-staphylococcal immune responses in healthy volunteers, subjects with HIES, and subjects with CGD. Following screening and baseline procedures, including blood draw and skin swab, subjects will have the option to undergo blister induction, where a suction device will be used to induce skin blisters on the forearm. The tops of the blisters and blister fluid will be collected for research testing and storage for future research. An optional overnight inpatient stay may be performed to collect additional cellular infiltrates in response to autologous serum and/or sterile saline. Subjects may also have up to 4 skin punch biopsies from the forearm over the course of a week to capture wound healing progress and identify involved genes. All research procedures will be performed at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (NIH CC).

The primary objective of this research is to perform ex vivo assessment of wound healing pathways using a skin blister model and skin biopsies to obtain keratinocyte cultures and evaluate skin immune responses. We will use three experimental approaches: 1) ex vivo evaluation of anti-microbial responses and tissue remodeling through derivation of keratinocyte cultures from skin blisters and biopsies, 2) in vivo and ex vivo assessment of cellular response after blister induction using overnight exposure to autologous serum and/or sterile saline, and 3) evaluation of in vivo responses to skin biopsies. We anticipate that the research will provide critical new information on the human skin immune and remodeling responses and will have direct relevance for the development of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Skin Immunity Sample Collection Involving Blisters and Biopsies
Estimated Study Start Date : January 27, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Biopsy

Arm Intervention/treatment
Blister Induction
Other: Blister induction
Blister induction involves creating 8 blisters on the forearm and removing the tops of the blisters for primary cell culture derivation. After blister induction, subjects may have an optional overnight admission to assess cell infiltration in response to autologous serum and/or sterile saline solution.

Skin Biopsies
Other: Skin Biopsies
The skin biopsies will involve up to 4 biopsies: 2 initial punch biopsies 2 mm in diameter, followed by a punch biopsy 3 (plus or minus 1) and 7 (plus or minus 2) days later using a 3 mm punch to encompass the initial biopsy sites, capturing the tissue at 3 and 7 days of healing.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) production by keratinocytes from patients with HIES versus healthy volunteers [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
    Evaluate epithelial cell responses to cutaneous wounds and infections of keratinocytes and other cutaneous epithelial cells in patients with HIES or CGD and healthy volunteers.

  2. T-cell infiltration as percent of total cell infiltration in patients with CGD versus healthy volunteers. [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
    Identify cellular mediators that contribute to the inflammatory processthrough evaluation of infiltrating cell types.

  3. Fold induction in genes related to wound healing. [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
    Determine whether there are abnormalities in specific tissue repair pathways, such as epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

    1. Meets one of the following:

      1. has documentation of HIES or CGD (patient populations); or
      2. does not have clinically apparent evidence of an immune defect or history of invasive or recurrent S. aureus infections (healthy volunteers).
    2. Between the following age limits (inclusive):

      1. 18 and 65 years old for healthy volunteers;
      2. 7 and 65 years old for patients with CGD;
      3. 18 and 65 years old for patients with HIES.
    3. Willing to allow storage of blood, RNA, bacterial and fungal cultures, and other tissue samples for future research.
    4. Able to provide informed consent.


The following exclusion criteria apply to all subjects:

  1. For individuals undergoing blister or skin biopsy procedures, history of keloid formation.
  2. Current or prior (within 3 months) anticoagulant or anti-platelet therapy (other than aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]).
  3. Current or prior (within 3 months) use of immunomodulatory drugs (e.g., chemotherapy, steroids), except if approved by the principal investigator.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates participation in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03921515

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Contact: Ashleigh A Sun (301) 451-8860

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Ian A Myles, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT03921515    
Other Study ID Numbers: 190084
First Posted: April 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 22, 2021
Last Verified: November 24, 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Hyper-Immunuglobulin E.Syndrome
Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha
Staphylococcus Aureus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical