Computer-Delivered Intervention for Obese Sedentary Individuals With Elevated Anxiety Sensitivity
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03917901|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Obesity Anxiety Sensitivity Eating Physical Activity||Other: Anxiety Sensitivity Training Other: Health Control||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||If participant meets eligibility criteria, the participant will be randomly assigned to complete a one-session computer-delivered intervention: either (1) anxiety sensitivity reduction treatment or (2) health information control.|
|Official Title:||Computer-Delivered Intervention for Obese Sedentary Individuals With Elevated Anxiety Sensitivity|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 16, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 2020|
Experimental: Anxiety Sensitivity Training
The Anxiety Sensitivity training (AST) will provide: (1) psychoeducation on anxiety sensitivity and its consequences, (2) psychoeducation on the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and obesity-related health behavior correlates, and (3) concrete, evidenced-based strategies to reduce anxiety sensitivity.
Other: Anxiety Sensitivity Training
Computerized Single-Session Anxiety Sensitivity Reduction Program
Placebo Comparator: Health Control
The Health Control (HC) will cover general health care, such as information on wearing sunscreen and regular attendance to doctor appointments. The HC will not provide any recommendations or education on mood, dietary, or physical habits.
Other: Health Control
Computerized Single-Session Health Information Control
- Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire will be used to assess emotional eating. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (very often). For the current study, the emotional eating subscale (13 items) will be used as a measure of emotional eating. The 13 items of the subscale are summed and divided by 13 to create a mean score with a range from 1-5. Lower scores on this measure indicate better outcomes.
- Eating Expectancy Inventory [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Eating Expectancy Inventory will be used to measure cognitive expectancies of eating. The Eating Expectancy Inventory subscale facets: eating helps manage negative affect; eating leads to feeling out of control; and eating alleviates boredom will be used in the current study. Respondents will be asked to rate on a 7-point Likert scale the degree to which they 1 (completely disagree) to 7 (completely agree) to each item. Responses are summed for each subscale. Lower scores on the 18-item eating helps manage negative affect subscale (possible range = 18 - 126), 4-item eating leads to feeling out of control subscale (possible range 4 - 28), and 4-item eating alleviates boredom subscale (possible range 4 - 28) indicate better outcomes.
- Food Cravings Questionnaire-State Version [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Food Cravings Questionnaire-State Version is a 15-item self-report measure used to assess the extent to which individuals experience food cravings. Participants are asked to rate on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) for each item. The Food Cravings Questionnaire-State Version assess five subscales each with 3-items including: (1) an intense desire to eat; (2) anticipation of positive reinforcement that may result from eating; (3) anticipation of relief from negative states and feelings as a result of eating; (4) obsessive preoccupation with food or lack of control over eating; and (5) craving as a physiological state. For the current study, the Food Cravings Questionnaire-State Version total score (all items summed) will be used as a measure of food cravings (possible range = 15 - 75) with lower scores indicating better outcomes.
- Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale is a 22-item questionnaire based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. For the current study, item 8 ("How many times per week on average over the past 3 months have you eaten an unusually large amount of food and experienced a loss of control?") will be used to assess binge eating frequency with lower scores indicating better outcomes (possible range = 0 - 14).
- Decisional Balance Measure [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Decisional Balance Measure is a 16-item self-report measure that assesses perceived barriers/benefits to engage in exercise, in addition to the motivational and cognitive processes of behavior change for exercise. Items are rated on a 5- point Likert scale ranging from 1 (not important at all) to 5 (extremely important). The measure yields two factors, negative aspects of exercise (Cons: "At the end of the day, I am too exhausted to be physically active"), and positive aspects of exercise (Pros: "Regular exercise would help me have a more positive outlook on life"). Each subscale will be summed with lower scores on the 6-item Cons subscale indicate better outcomes (possible range = 6 -30) and higher scores on the Pros subscale indicate better outcomes (possible range = 10 -50).
- Exercise Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]Exercise self-efficacy will be assessed with a 5-item self-report assessment of one's confidence about their ability to engage in physical activity. Items are rated on a 9-point Likert-type scale that ranges from 0 (not at all confident) to 8 (extremely confident). A total score will be created by summing the 5-items with higher scores indicating a better outcome (possible range 0 - 40).
- Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire Short Form [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire-Short Form will be used to assess anxiety/depressive symptoms. Participants indicate how much they have experienced each symptom on a 5-point Likert-type scale (1 = Not at all to 5 = Extremely). Specifically, the Anxious Arousal subscale will be used to measure anxiety and the Anhedonic Depression subscale will be used to measure depression. The Anxious Arousal subscale consists of 17-items that will be summed with lower scores indicating better outcomes (range = 17 - 85). The Anhedonic Depression subscale consists of 22-items that will be summed with lower scores indicating better outcomes (range = 22 - 110).
- Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 is an 18-item measured that will be used to assess sensitivity to, and fear of, the potential negative consequences of anxiety-related symptoms and sensations. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 0 (Very Little) to 4 (Very Much). Scores will be calculated by summing all items (possible range = 0 -72), with lower scores indicating a better outcome.
- Short-Form General Health Survey [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Short-Form General Health Survey is a 20-item questionnaire in which respondents indicate on a Likert scale their health status across five domains: physical functioning, role functioning, social functioning, mental health, and health perceptions. The physical health functioning subscale will be used in the current study and consists of 6 items related to limitations in a variety of physical activities, ranging from strenuous to basic, due to health. Items range from 1 (limited for more than 3 months) to 3 (not limited at all). Items are transformed to a 0 to 100 scale and averaged to create a score for the subscale. Higher scores reflect a better outcome (possible range 0 - 100).
- Fatigue Severity Scale [ Time Frame: Assess change from baseline to 1-week, 2-week and 1-month follow-up ]The Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) is a 9-item self-report measure of fatigue severity. Individuals are asked to indicate on a 7-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strong disagreement) to 7 (strong agreement) which best fits each statement regarding fatigue within the last week. Items are summed for a total score with lower scores indicating a better outcome (possible range = 7-63).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03917901
|Contact: Brooke Kauffman, MAfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Pamella Nizio, B.Semail@example.com|
|United States, Texas|
|Anxiety and Health Research Lab, Substance Use Treatment Clinic, University of Houston||Recruiting|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77204|
|Contact: Brooke Kauffman, M.A. 713-743-8056 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Pamella Nizio, B.S. 713-743-8056 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Brooke Kauffman, MA||University of Houston|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael J Zvolensky, Ph.D.||University of Houston|