Working… Menu

Golf for Healthy Aging (GHA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03916887
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2019
Royal & Ancient Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
George Salem, University of Southern California

Brief Summary:
Aging is associated with physiological declines that could impair the ability to perform activities of daily living and thus impair the quality of life of older adults. Golf is an activity that challenges the balance, flexibility, and muscular systems of the golfer and could have important implications in addressing the physiological declines associated with aging. Golf also challenges the cognition of golfer and is typically performed in groups of 2-4 people; therefore, it could also have important implications for the cognitive and social health of older adults. This research will investigate the effects of an introductory, therapeutic golf program on the physiological, cognitive, and social well-being of older adults. 25 older adults (60-80 years) will participate in a 10-week introductory golf program specifically designed with older adults in mind. The intervention will be led by Professional Golf Association (PGA) professionals with experience in teaching older adults to golf. In order to assess the effectiveness of the intervention, the functional, physiological, and cognitive abilities of the participants will be evaluated as well as the overall well-being before and after the completion of the golf program. We will also examine the inflammatory response changes associated with the golf program. These adaptations will be evaluated through the use of biomechanical analysis, standardized older adult functional tests, validated surveys and questionnaires, validated cognitive assessments, and analyses of markers of inflammation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Exercise Training Behavioral: Golf instruction Not Applicable

Show Show detailed description

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Pre-post intervention
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Golf Intervention for Healthy Aging Study
Actual Study Start Date : May 31, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 26, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : April 26, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: golf training
10-week golf training program
Behavioral: Golf instruction
Non-golfers instructed to golf over 10 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Gait speed [ Time Frame: baseline and after 10 weeks ]
    change in walking speed

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Strength [ Time Frame: baseline and after 10 weeks ]
    change in dynamic and static strength

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in Cognition [ Time Frame: baseline and after 10 weeks ]
    change in NIH Cognitive Toolbox scores

  2. Change in Balance [ Time Frame: baseline and after 10 weeks ]
    change in dynamic and static balance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • • Older adult: 60-80 years old

    • The ability to stand independently without external support
    • No or minimal previous golf experience
    • Played <1 time in the past 6 months
    • Played ≤3 times in the past 2 years
    • English Speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Dementia and Alzheimers Disease assessed via the Telephone Memory Impairment Screen [21]

    • Symptomatic cardiovascular disease, active angina, uncontrolled hypertension (SBP>160 or DBP>90, high resting pulse HR>90), symptomatic orthostatic hypotension
    • Unstable asthma, exacerbated COPD
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, unstable ankle, knee, hip, shoulder or wrist joints
    • History of injury or orthopedic operation within the last 6 months
    • Movement disorders (Parkinson's disease or other neurological disorders), stroke, hemiparesis or paraparesis
    • Peripheral neuropathies, severe vision or hearing problems, or metastatic cancer
    • Individuals with vestibular, visual, musculosketelal, orthopedic and/or neurological disorders known to impair balance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03916887

Layout table for location information
United States, California
University Southern California
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90089
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
Royal & Ancient Group
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: George Salem, Associate Professor, University of Southern California Identifier: NCT03916887    
Other Study ID Numbers: HS-17-00004
First Posted: April 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by George Salem, University of Southern California:
aging, exercise golf senior intervention