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Neuroprotective Effect of Remote Ischemic Conditioning in Ischemic Stroke Treated With Mechanical Thrombectomy (PROTECT I)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03915782
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:
The benefit of mechanical thrombectomy in the treatment of ischemic stroke has been demonstrated in several multicenter randomized trials. However, it leads to a sudden reperfusion of the brain parenchyma associated to an extension of the infarct volume. Evidence has indicated that remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) reduces final infarct size in animal stroke models. The main objective of the present study is to determine whether remote ischemic conditioning can limit the final infarct volume after recanalization of the occluded cerebral artery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke, Ischemic Device: Remote ischemic conditioning Device: Patients with a sham procedure of remote ischemic conditioning Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 126 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NeuroPRotective Effect of remOte Ischemic condiTioning in Ischemic strokE Treated With meChanical Thrombectomy (PROTECT-I Study)
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 20, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 20, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Remote Ischemic Conditioning (RIC) positive
Patients with remote ischemic conditioning
Device: Remote ischemic conditioning
Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC): Four cycles of [5 minutes of brachial cuff inflation at 200 millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg) followed by 5 minutes of cuff deflation] started as soon as possible after Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

Sham Comparator: Control group
The control group will receive a sham procedure (same procedure than Remote Ischemic Conditioning (RIC) with brachial cuff inflation to 30 millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg) during 40 minutes).
Device: Patients with a sham procedure of remote ischemic conditioning
Sham procedure: Four cycles of [5 minutes of brachial cuff inflation at 30 millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg) followed by 5 minutes of cuff deflation] started as soon as possible after Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Final volume of cerebral infarction measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at Day 1 after thrombectomy [ Time Frame: Day 1 after thrombectomy ]
    Measurement of the final volume of cerebral infarction on Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) sequence by a blinding imaging reading committee.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Neurological prognosis [ Time Frame: 1/ National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score will be evaluated at day 7; 2/ Modified Rankin Score (mRS) will be evaluated at day 90 and 3/ Incidence of early neurological worsening will be evaluated at inclusion and up to day 1. ]
    Functional neurological prognosis assessed by: 1/ National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on day 7 (NIHSS score for each ability is a number between 0 and 4 with 0 being normal functioning and 4 being completely impaired. The patient's NIHSS score is calculated by adding the number for each element of the scale; 42 is the highest score possible. The higher the score, the more impaired neurologically a stroke patient is) 2/ Modified Rankin Score (MRS) score at 90 days (score from 0 to 6 with 0 being normal functioning and 6 being death, the higher the score the more impaired neurologically a stroke patient is) and 3/ Incidence of early neurological worsening (Difference in NIHSS score between inclusion and day 1 > 4 points).

  2. Change in growth of the supposed irreversible lesion measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) from admission to day 1. [ Time Frame: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) will be performed at inclusion (Day 0) and on day 1. ]
    It will be expressed as a percentage of the size of the hypoperfused area measured on the admission Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

  3. Arterial reperfusion measured by the Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score at the end of the thrombectomy procedure. [ Time Frame: Day 1 of thrombectomy ]
    The Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score is a tool for determining the response of thrombolytic therapy for ischemic stroke and is defined as follows: 0=no perfusion; 1= penetration, but no distal branch filling; 2a= perfusion with incomplete (<50%) distal branch filling; 2b=perfusion with incomplete (>50%) distal branch filling; and 3=full perfusion with filling of all distal branches. A score of 0 being the least favorable outcome for the patient (no perfusion) and a maximum score of 3 being the most favorable outcome for the patient (full perfusion).

  4. Arterial reperfusion measured at Day 1 by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Arterial reperfusion according to the Arterial Occlusive Lesion (AOL) score. This score is related to recanalization of the primary arterial occlusive lesion on a scale of 0 to 3 : 0 is no recanalization of the primary occlusive lesion; 1 is incomplete or partial recanalization of the primary occlusive lesion with no distal flow; 2 is incomplete or partial recanalization of the primary lesion with any distal flow; and 3 is complete recanalization of the primary occlusive lesion with any distal flow. The most favorable outcome for the patient is a score of 3 while a score of 0 is the least favorable patient outcome.

  5. Impact on collateral circulation assessed by the Higashida score. [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Higashida score offers a non-invasive collateral vessel and tissue perfusion assessment of ischemic tissue. This grading system subdivides the collateral flow into five grades, from grade 0 (no collaterals visible on the ischemic side) to grade 5 (complete and rapid collateral blood flow to the vascular bed in the entire ischemic territory by retrograde perfusion). A grade of 3-5 is considered good collateral formation whereas a grade of 0-2 is considered poor collateral formation after a stroke and is less favorable to the patient's outcome.

  6. Incidence of hemorrhagic transformation at day 1 measured by routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) classification of potential haemorrhagic transformation which divides hemorrhagic transformation into four subtypes: 1) hemorrhagic infarction type 1 (HI1) such as petechial hemorrhages at the infarct margins; 2) hemorrhagic infarction type 2 (HI2) such as petechial hemorrhages throughout the infarct and no mass-effect attributable to the hemorrhages; 3) parenchymal hematoma type 1 (PH1) such as less than or equal to 30% of the infarcted area minor mass effect attributable to the hematoma and 4) parenchymal hematoma type 2 (PH2) such as greater than 30% of infarct zone substantial mass effect attributable to the hematoma. The most favorable patient outcome being the first classification hemorrhagic infarction type 1 (HI1) and the least favorable patient outcome being the fourth classification parenchymal hematoma type 2 (PH2).

  7. Complications related to the endovascular procedure [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Complications such as: embolism in an another initially not involved vascular territory, dissection, severe vasospasm that needs an intra-arterial treatment, vascular perforation

  8. Responder analysis to thrombectomy relating Modified Rankin score (mRS) 90 days after stroke to baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. [ Time Frame: Day 90 ]
    NIHSS score for each ability is a number between 0 and 4 with 0 being normal functioning and 4 being completely impaired. The patient's NIHSS score is calculated by adding the number for each element of the scale; 42 is the highest score possible. The higher the score, the more impaired a stroke patient is. MRS score from 0 to 6 with 0 being normal functioning and 6 being death, the higher the score the more impaired a stroke patient is. For this study a positive response is defined by : a NIHSS <7 at admission and a MRS = 0 at Day 90 ; a NIHSS between 8 and 14 at admission and a MRS = 0 or 1 at Day 90 ; a NIHSS >14 at admission and a MRS = 0 to 2 at Day 90.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age at least 18 years old,
  • Carotid ischemic stroke related to a full occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (occlusion of middle 1 (M1) and/or proximal middle 2 (M2) identified as candidate for endovascular intervention according to local criteria,
  • Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) performed within 6 hours from symptoms onset,
  • Acute stroke MRI including at least diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), intracranial vessel imaging with Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) and perfusion weighted imaging (PWI),
  • Modified Rankin Score (mRS) score less than or equal to 1 before ischemic stroke,
  • Obtaining a written informed consent of the patient or a next of kin, or emergency inclusion process.

Non inclusion Criteria:

  • Previous ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in the previous 3 months,
  • Contraindications to iodinated contrast agents,
  • Sickle cell disease known (risk of vaso-occlusive crisis),
  • Life expectancy less than 90 days,
  • Pregnant or women of childbearing age who were not using contraception (oral diagnosis),
  • Patient without health coverage,
  • Patient under legal protection.
  • Any contraindication to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (example cardiac pacemaker),
  • Intracranial bleeding,
  • Intracranial expansive process.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recanalization of M1 or proximal M2 segment at the time of thrombectomy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03915782


Contacts
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Contact: Laura MECHTOUFF, MD 4 7 35 78 07 ext +33 laura.mechtouff@chu-lyon.fr
Contact: Marielle BUISSON 4 27 85 66 90 ext +33 marielle.buisson01@chu-lyon.fr

Locations
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France
Service De Neurologie Vasculaire - Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer (GHE) Recruiting
Bron, France
Contact: Laura MECHTOUFF, Dr    04 27 85 67 47 ext +33    laura.mechtouff@chu-lyon.fr   
Contact: Marielle BUISSON    04 27 85 66 90 ext +33    marielle.buisson01@chu-lyon.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Laura MECHTOUFF, MD Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hopital Pierre Wertheimer
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Responsible Party: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03915782    
Other Study ID Numbers: 69HCL19_0129
2019-A01052-55 ( Other Identifier: ID-RCB )
First Posted: April 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 27, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
Ischemic stroke
Mechanical Thrombectomy
Ischemia/Reperfusion
Remote Ischemic Conditioning
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stroke
Ischemia
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes