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Comparative Effectiveness of Three Lucid Dreaming and Sleep Hygiene Techniques

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03913988
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sharon Gutman, Columbia University

Brief Summary:
In this study, the investigators will compare traditional lucid dream induction techniques, stress reduction strategies, and sleep hygiene across three study groups: (1) lucid dream and stress reduction techniques, and sleep hygiene; (2) lucid dream reduction and sleep hygiene; and (3) sleep hygiene. Participants will be first-year occupational therapy students embarking upon their first full-time 3-month clinical internship. Enrolled participants will be randomized to one of the three groups. The intervention will span 12 weeks and allow for participants to learn about and practice lucid dream induction, stress management, and sleep hygiene in bi-monthly online group sessions and through daily home exercises.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anxiety Behavioral: Lucid Dream Behavioral: Stress Reduction Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Techniques Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
A significant impediment to completing academic health care programs is student stress level, which have been reported to be increasing in the last decade. Many students are not prepared for the rigor and intensity of their first clinical internship and experience exacerbations of stress and anxiety at this time. There is evidence that lucid dream induction methods have effectively alleviated stress and anxiety in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression in community dwelling adults. Although lucid dream techniques have been used to manage anxiety in some populations, it has never been used to help health care students on clinical internship experiencing heightened stress levels. In this study, the investigators aim to determine whether lucid dream induction techniques combined with stress management and sleep hygiene could effectively help students on their first clinical internship to better manage stress and anxiety. The investigators hope to gain a greater understanding of which of three study conditions can best alleviate stress and anxiety in participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Three group, randomized, controlled design
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: No masking
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Comparative Effectiveness of Three Lucid Dreaming and Sleep Hygiene Techniques to Reduce Stress in Graduate Students on Clinical Internship
Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 21, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : September 21, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: LUCID DREAMING, STRESS REDUCTION, SLEEP HYGIENE

This group will meet for 6 online sessions, every other week, over the 12-week study. Each online session will run for 1 hour. Each of the 6 sessions will consist of the following:

  • Psychoeducation regarding lucid dreaming, stress reduction, and sleep hygiene
  • Practice of lucid dreaming induction techniques
  • Guided visualization
  • Opportunity for participants to discuss their experience with lucid dreaming induction techniques, adherence to the lucid dreaming home exercise program and tracking log, using their dream diaries, and adherence to the sleep hygiene program and tracking log.
Behavioral: Lucid Dream
Lucid dream techniques are a set of strategies to induce the ability to obtain conscious awareness during the dream state and include mental suggestions before sleep.

Behavioral: Stress Reduction
Stress reduction techniques are a set of strategies designed to reduce anxiety and include meditation and guided imagery.

Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Techniques
Sleep hygiene is a set of techniques intended to enhance sleep quality and quantity and include maintaining consistent sleep-wake times and avoiding stimulating activities before bed.

Active Comparator: LUCID DREAMING, SLEEP HYGIENE

This group will meet for 6 online sessions, every other week, over the 12-week study. Each online session will run for 1 hour. Each of the 6 sessions will consist of the following:

  • Psychoeducation regarding lucid dreaming and sleep hygiene
  • Practice of lucid dreaming induction techniques
  • Guided visualization
  • Opportunity for participants to discuss their experience with lucid dreaming induction techniques, adherence to the lucid dreaming home exercise program and tracking log, using their dream diaries, and adherence to the sleep hygiene program and tracking log.
Behavioral: Lucid Dream
Lucid dream techniques are a set of strategies to induce the ability to obtain conscious awareness during the dream state and include mental suggestions before sleep.

Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Techniques
Sleep hygiene is a set of techniques intended to enhance sleep quality and quantity and include maintaining consistent sleep-wake times and avoiding stimulating activities before bed.

Active Comparator: SLEEP HYGIENE

This group will meet for 2 online group sessions and 4 email communications. The 2 online group sessions will each last 1 hour and occur in weeks 1 and 12. The 4 email communications will occur in weeks 3, 5, 7, and 9 and consist of individual communication between each participant and the PI or co-investigator. Each email communication will require 10 minutes of participants' time.

The control group will be asked to engage in Sleep Hygiene techniques in which they adhere to a recommended protocol and record their adherence in a Sleep Hygiene Tracking Log, requiring 5 minutes per day.

Through the 2 online sessions and the individual email with the investigators, participants will have the opportunity to discuss their experience with adherence to the sleep hygiene program and tracking log. Investigators will help participants trouble shoot problems adhering to the sleep hygiene protocol.

Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Techniques
Sleep hygiene is a set of techniques intended to enhance sleep quality and quantity and include maintaining consistent sleep-wake times and avoiding stimulating activities before bed.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perceived Stress Scale [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a 10-item, 6-point, self-report Likert scale (0 = no stress, 5 = high stress) that requires 5 minutes to complete. The scale yields a total score ranging from 0 (no stress) to 50 (highest stress) with scores 25+ indicating a possible stress disorder. The PSS measures stress level in the last month and was intended for use by community-dwelling adults.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Lucidity and Consciousness Dream Scale [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    The Lucidity and Consciousness Dream Scale (LuCiD) is a 28-item, 6-point self-report Likert scale (0 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) that requires 10 minutes to complete. The scale yields a total score ranging from 0 (no experience of lucid dreaming) to 140 (highest experience of lucid dreaming) with scores 70+ indicating moderate to high lucid dream activity.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current occupational therapy student attending Columbia University and participating in clinical internship

Exclusion Criteria:

  • none

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03913988


Locations
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United States, New York
Columbia University
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sharon Gutman, PhD, OTR, FAOTA Columbia University

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Responsible Party: Sharon Gutman, Professor, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03913988     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAS3098
First Posted: April 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Sharon Gutman, Columbia University:
Dreaming
Sleep
Dream