Shoulder Surgery Traditional vs Accelerated Rehabilitation Trial (S-START)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03913611|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2019
This is a randomised controlled trial involving patients who have a double-row arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
Null hypothesis: There is no difference in outcome between standard rehabilitation and accelerated rehabilitation after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
Following surgery, they will be randomised to one of two groups:
- Standard rehabilitation, with enforced sling use for 6 weeks and a structured exercise programme.
- Accelerated rehabilitation with no requirement to use a sling and a structured exercise programme.
The primary outcome measure will be the Oxford Shoulder Score at 6 months. We will also collect data on postoperative pain, range of shoulder movement and other subjective outcome measures. All patients will have MRI scans at 6 months postoperatively to assess the integrity of the repair, allowing comparison of failure rates between groups.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Rotator Cuff Tear Rotator Cuff Tear or Rupture, Not Specified as Traumatic||Other: Accelerated rehabilitation protocol Other: Traditional rehabilitation protocol||Not Applicable|
This is a randomised controlled trial involving patients who have a double-row arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. We wish to compare clinical and radiological outcomes for patients undergoing standard rehabilitation protocols versus accelerated rehabilitation.
A double-row repair will be used in this study as it has been shown in laboratory testing to be stronger and withstand significantly more cyclical loads before failure.
Patients who have failed conservative treatment for their rotator cuff tears will be offered inclusion in the study. Baseline scores and measurements will be taken prior to surgery. After a successful surgical repair has been confirmed, patients will be randomised to one of two rehabilitation programmes. One programme will mandate use of a sling for 6 weeks, and another will not require use of a sling after the immediate postoperative period.
All patients will be followed up for one year, at intervals of 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months, using subjective outcome measures, objective measures of movement and an MRI scan to assess the integrity of the repair at 6 months.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||120 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Patients will be randomised to two groups, with balanced numbers entering each group.|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||The therapist assessing patients' range of movement and the radiologist assessing integrity of the repair will be blinded to the arm of the trial that the patient entered.|
|Official Title:||A Randomised Controlled Trial of Accelerated Rehabilitation Versus Standard Rehabilitation After Double-row Rotator Cuff Repair. Does Rehabilitation Regimen Affect Clinical Outcomes?|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||August 27, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 27, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 27, 2022|
In this arm, patients will undergo the standard rehabilitation protocol, with sling use for 6 weeks.
Other: Traditional rehabilitation protocol
Patients in this group will undergo a traditional rehabilitation protocol, with movement restrictions and sling use for 6 weeks following surgery.
Experimental: Accelerated Rehabilitation
In this arm, patients will undergo the accelerated rehabilitation protocol, with no sling use outside the immediate postoperative period.
Other: Accelerated rehabilitation protocol
Patients in this group will undergo an accelerated rehabilitation protocol, without movement restrictions. Movement restriction will instead be governed by patient comfort.
- Oxford Shoulder Score [ Time Frame: 3 months ]A validated patient-reported outcome measure of shoulder function. This score ranges from 0-48, with higher scores representing a better outcome.
- Oxford Shoulder Score [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months postoperatively. ]A validated patient-reported outcome measure of shoulder function. This score ranges from 0-48, with higher scores representing a better outcome.
- Shoulder Pain and Disability Index [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months postoperatively. ]A validated patient-reported outcome measure of shoulder function. This score is composed to two subscales. One is for pain and the other subscale is for disability. Both subscales range from 0 to 100, with lower scores representing a better outcome. The scores are averaged to provide a global score.
- EQ5D [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months postoperatively. ]
A validated patient-reported outcome measure of general health. The descriptive system comprises five dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 5 levels: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems and extreme problems. The patient is asked to indicate his/her health state by ticking the box next to the most appropriate statement in each of the five dimensions. This decision results in a 1-digit number that expresses the level selected for that dimension. The digits for the five dimensions can be combined into a 5-digit number that describes the patient's health state.
The EQ VAS records the patient's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale, where the endpoints are labelled 'The best health you can imagine' and 'The worst health you can imagine'. This is on a range of 0 to 100, with higher scores representing a better outcome.
- Range of shoulder movement [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months postoperatively. ]Objective measure of shoulder movement in abduction, flexion and rotation planes.
- Postoperative pain score [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]Patient subjective pain scores following surgery. This is on a visual analogue scale, ranging from 0-10, with 10 representing more pain. Patients will be asked about their usual levels of pain on a weekly basis using the scale.
- Structural integrity of repair [ Time Frame: 6 months. ]This will be assessed by an MRI scan postoperatively to assess healing of the tear or failure of the repair.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03913611
|Contact: Christopher Peach, MBBS MD||+44 161 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Ronnie Davies, MB/BChir||+44 161 276 email@example.com|
|Study Director:||Mrs K Rhodes||Manchester University Foundation Trust|