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Taekwondo for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03912896
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julie Kugel, Loma Linda University

Brief Summary:

This study uses a mixed methods design to understand the effectiveness of using taekwondo as an intervention for children with ASD and its effect on social interaction skills and everyday life. Qualitative research emphasizes that meaning can be explained and interpreted only by those who experience it. A pretest-posttest design will be used to describe what occurs after the introduction of the taekwondo intervention and understand the changes that occur after exposure. Collecting information through the lived experiences and observations from the parents will be collated with the pre and post results of the children participants' social interaction skills.

Qualitative data will be collected through pre and post semi-structured interviews with the parents to understand their observations of their child before and after completing the taekwondo program. Interviews will also be conducted with the child to understand their perspectives on physical activity participation. Interview questions will also explore how the effectiveness of the program has impacted the children's engagement in daily activities.

Quantitative research will be collected through pre and post results from the Autism Social Skills Profile-2 ([ASSP] assessment that will be completed by the parents. The ASSP-2 provides a comprehensive measure of social functioning for children and adolescents with ASD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Autism Spectrum Disorder Behavioral: Taekwondo Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Taekwondo for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Impact on Social Interaction Skills in Everyday Life
Actual Study Start Date : June 11, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Children with autism spectrum disorder Behavioral: Taekwondo
Children will participate in a 7-week taekwondo program.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Subject response to taekwondo [ Time Frame: Change between baseline and week 7. ]
    Autism Social Skills Profile-2 (ASSP-2) will be administered at baseline prior to taekwondo instruction and then administered again at week 7. The ASSP-2 has 49 items and each are rated on a 4-point Likert scale with a minimum score of 1 representing never and a maximum score 4 representing very often for each item. This is a composite measurement. The scale ranges from a total raw score of 49 to a maximum of 196. There are three subscales: 20 social/emotional reciprocity (SER) items, 11 structured play activity (SPA) items, and 11 detrimental social behaviors (DSB) items. One component skill is measured as both an SER and SPA subscale. Standard scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. The higher the scores for each section means that the child does not have difficulties with social skills for that subscale. The lower the scores shows a deficit in each area.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 11 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Formal diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  • Able to follow and understand English verbal instructions during the screening process.
  • No experience or prior experience with martial arts.
  • Able to walk and move without using adaptive equipment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Physical disabilities that would prevent participation in taekwondo (e.g. wheelchair bound)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03912896

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United States, California
Loma LInda University Health
Loma Linda, California, United States, 92354
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loma Linda University
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Principal Investigator: Julie Kugel Loma Linda University Health

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Responsible Party: Julie Kugel, Associate Professor, OTD Program Director, Loma Linda University Identifier: NCT03912896     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5180418
First Posted: April 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Julie Kugel, Loma Linda University:
Autism Spectrum Disorder
occupational therapy
Social interaction skills
child participants
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Autistic Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Pathologic Processes
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders