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Implementing Psychosocial Interventions to Syrian Refugee Women Who Are Exposed to Psychological Trauma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03912077
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Halime Sevde Eskici, Istanbul Sehir University

Brief Summary:
This study assesses severity of trauma, depression and anxiety symptoms of Syrian women under temporary protection who reside in Istanbul and types of exposed trauma that they have experienced. This study also evaluates the effectiveness of the Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CA-CBT) in Syrian women under temporary protection who are with psychological distress in Turkey. Half of participants will receive Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CA-CBT), while the other half will receive treatment as usual.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psychological Distress Psychological Trauma Behavioral: Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Background: Due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, Syrian people have faced with various atrocities. Many of them were displaced from their home, causing them to experience difficulties during and after the immigration. Being exposed to such stressors makes refugees susceptible to psychological distress and put them at risk to develop psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, depression and so on (Alpak et al., 2015).

Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CA-CBT) is an evidence-based psychological intervention manual developed by Devon Hinton, MD from Harvard University and Baland Jalal from University of Cambridge. It is a group therapy protocol that consists of 7 sessions. CA-CBT is a brief intervention that adopts a transdiagnostical approach and can be delivered by trained facilitators to people who are psychologically distressed. Several RCTs has been conducted to evaluate effectiveness of CA-CBT and demonstrated positive results. (Hinton et al., 2012).

Objectives: This study has two aims. First aim of the study is to assess severity of trauma, depression and anxiety symptoms and types of exposed trauma of Syrian refugee women who reside in Istanbul. Second aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Syrian refugee women with psychological distress resettled in Turkey, as compared with treatment as usual (TAU). The primary outcome is the decrease in psychological distress symptoms. Secondary outcomes are depression, anxiety and psychological trauma symptoms along with post-migration living difficulties and related distress symptoms.

Design: This is a parallel-group randomized controlled trial, therefore participants will have an equal probability (1:1) of being randomly allocated to the CA-CBT intervention or the TAU.

Methodology: Screening will be conducted before randomization. Syrian refugee women who score 1.75 or above (≥ 1.75) at the Hopkins Symptom Checklist - 25 (HSCL-25) will enter the study. After randomization they will receive the 7- session CA-CBT or the TAU. The CA-CBT intervention phase will last 7 weeks (1 session per week). After intervention, post-assessments will be performed.

Expected outcomes: The expected outcome is decrease in the depression, anxiety and psychological trauma symptoms and general improvement in distress symptoms caused by post-migration living difficulties, in refugees in the CA-CBT intervention arm, as compared to TAU.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: It is a randomized, parallel-group trial that enroll Syrian refugee women with psychological distress, according to the Hopkins Symptom Checklist - 25 (HSCL-25) who will be randomly assigned to the Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CA-CBT) intervention or to treatment as usual (TAU).
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Outcomes assessors will be blind to the study conditions; while participants and facilitators will be aware of the study conditions.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: War and Immigration: Implementing Psychosocial Interventions to Syrian Refugee Women Who Are Exposed to Psychological Trauma
Actual Study Start Date : March 9, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 20, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : June 20, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CA-CBT) is an evidence-based psychological intervention manual developed by Devon Hinton, MD from Harvard University and Baland Jalal from University of Cambridge. It is a group therapy protocol that consists of 7 sessions.

It is a brief, feasible and culturally sensitive intervention that has a transdiagnostical approach. Detailed information about Syrian culture, idioms of stress, cultural differences, and psychological problems that Syrian refugee women have been facing and their needs, expectations and sensitivities are considered in the adaptation process. Examples, cultural metaphors and imageries that take part in the manual are adapted according to Syrian culture.

Behavioral: Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
7-session psychosocial intervention

No Intervention: Treatment as Usual
Control arm participants will receive routine social support and/or care according to ordinary practice of the non-governmental organization (treatment as usual). Also, they will receive baseline and post assessments according to the study schedule.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psychological distress symptoms [ Time Frame: 1-week post-intervention ]
    Hopkins Symptoms Checklist - 25 (HSCL-25) measures psychological distress symptoms and has 25 items. Participants rate each item from 1 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). First 10 items measure anxiety symptoms, whereas the following 15 items measure depression symptoms. There are many studies, which demonstrate that the Arabic version of HSCL-25 is statistically reliable and valid (Kobeissi et al., 2011). HSCL-25 has been used in several intercultural studies (Aragona et al., 2013) and cut-off score has been assigned as 1.75 in many studies (Hasanović and Herenda, 2008). The current study will primarily look at the total score in which the lower values represent a better outcome.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psychological trauma symptoms [ Time Frame: 1-week post-intervention ]
    Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) assesses the traumatic events that one experienced during his/her lifetime (Part I of the questionnaire) and measures the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (Part IV of the questionnaire) (Mollica et al., 2004). The first part of the HTQ consists of 43 traumatic events and participants are asked to answer whether they have experienced such traumatic event or not, by choosing 'Yes' or 'No'. The fourth part of the HTQ has 45 items and participants are asked to rate each item from 1 (not at all) to 4 (extremely).

  2. Depression symptoms [ Time Frame: 1-week post-intervention ]
    Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) measures depression symptoms and has 21 items. The total score of BDI-II varies from 0 to 63 and higher scores indicate more severe depressive symptoms (Beck et al., 1996). The Arabic version of the BDI-II has been developed by Ghareeb (2000).

  3. Distress symptoms related with post-migration events [ Time Frame: 1-week post-intervention; 6-month and 12-month follow-ups ]
    Post-Migration Living Difficulties (PMLD) assesses adverse events that one experienced after migration and measures the distress level induced by such events. Participants are asked to evaluate their experiences regarding the problems they had in the last 12 months. PMLD has 17 items and participants are asked to rate each item from 0 (was not a problem/did not happen) to 4 (a very serious problem).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Being 18 years old and older
  • Being a Syrian woman under temporary protection who resides in Istanbul
  • Being able to speak and understand Arabic
  • Having psychological distress symptoms, as shown by a score of 1.75 or more at the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 (HSCL-25 ≥ 1.75 )

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Imminent risk of suicide
  • Severe mental disorder (psychotic disorders, substance dependence)
  • Severe cognitive impairment (severe intellectual disability or dementia)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03912077


Locations
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Turkey
Refugees and Asylum Seekers Assistance and Solidarity Association
Istanbul, Turkey
Sponsors and Collaborators
Istanbul Sehir University

Publications:
Ghareeb, A. G. Manual of the Arabic BDI-II. Cairo, Egypt: Angle Press. 2000.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. Manual for Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. 1996.
Mollica, R. F., McDonald, L. S., Massagli, M. P., & Silove, D. Measuring trauma, measuring torture: instructions and guidance on the utilization of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma's Versions of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) & The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma. 2004.

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Responsible Party: Halime Sevde Eskici, Principal Investigator, Istanbul Sehir University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03912077     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16/2018No:1
First Posted: April 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 12, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Halime Sevde Eskici, Istanbul Sehir University:
Refugees
Psychological distress
Psychological trauma
Anxiety
CA-CBT
Depression
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Intervention
Turkey
Migration
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psychological Trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders