Prevalence of Sarcopenia Among Elderly Living in Care Facilities in Klang Valley, Malaysia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03903328|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Sarcopenia Sarcopenic Obesity||Other: Sarcopenia assessment|
Over the past few decades, one condition that prominently affects the muscular system, known as sarcopenia, has captured the attention of healthcare experts and researchers. Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome characterized by the involuntary, gradual and generalized deterioration of skeletal muscle mass and strength with advancing age. It is to be noted that while sarcopenia is predominantly a syndrome of the elderly, its development may also be observed in various conditions such as disuse, malnutrition and cachexia, all of which are not exclusive only to the elderly. As of now, there are still ongoing research on an international scale with regards to its epidemiology, risk factors, causative factors, adverse clinical complications, prevention and treatment.
Beginning in 1st of October, 2016, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has finally officialised an International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10- CM) code for sarcopenia after its final proposal since April 2015. This establishment has enabled comprehensible clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of sarcopenia, as well as separate reporting and data collection for sarcopenia in the medical community.
In essence, sarcopenia appears to be one of the most important causes of functional impairment, physical disability and loss of independence in older adults and a prevalence study will help to estimate the deleterious effects of this condition on the elderly living in the care facility, who happen to be the less privileged group as compared to their counterparts dwelling in the community.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||205 participants|
|Observational Model:||Ecologic or Community|
|Official Title:||A Preliminary Study of Prevalence of Sarcopenia Among Elderly Living in Care Facilities in Klang Valley, Malaysia|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 6, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 4, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 4, 2017|
- Other: Sarcopenia assessment
Sarcopenia assessment by measurement of Skeletal Muscle mass index, hand grip strength and usual gait speed for 5 meter distance, as per the guidelines of Asia Working group for Sarcopenia study, was carried out.Other Names:
- Height and weight measurements
- Skeletal muscle mass index
- Hand grip strength
- Gait speed
- Skeletal muscle mass [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]The skeletal muscle mass was measured using a Research grade Segmental BioImpedance Analyser to help derive the skeletal muscle mass index (Appendicular skeletal muscle mass/square of height= kg/m2)
- Grip strength [ Time Frame: 1 minute to 10 minutes ]Measurement of muscle strength was done using a Jamar hydraulic handheld dynamometer, only one maximal effort was allowed. However, for erroneous performance another attempt was provided after 10 minutes of rest. The measure was recorded in Kgf.
- Gait speed [ Time Frame: less the 10 minutes on an average ]Usual gait speed was used as a measure of physical performance, where the subject was required to walk along a 5 meter straight path. Time recorded using a stopwatch and speed recorded in meters per second
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03903328
|Principal Investigator:||PRAMOD D SHENOY, MPT||Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman|
|Study Director:||sook Fan Yap, FRCP (UK)||Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman|