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High Doses of 4-aminopyridine in Clinically Complete Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Patients.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03899584
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 2, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico

Brief Summary:
150 patients with clinically complete chronic spinal cord Injury will be included in a randomized, parallel, placebo controlled, multi-centric, phase III trial. Patients will be evaluated before starting the medication, and at the end of the treatment in the locomotor, sensory, grade of independence, sensitivity and control of bladder and anal sphincters, quality of life, and psychogenic erection in males. Patients will be divided randomly into two groups where one will receive placebo and the other one 4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) in a maximum of 30 weeks in increasing doses.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Cord Injuries Chronic Drug: 4-Aminopyridine Drug: Placebo oral capsule Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Consecutive patients with chronic AIS A tetraplegic or paraplegic with an MRI showing cord continuity will be recruited in the departments of neurology, neurosurgery or rehabilitation from hospitals of Social Security Mexican Institute (IMSS) in 8 states . Just patients who meeting inclusion criteria, will be selected for the study until reach 150. After signing an informed consent, they will be randomized into 75 for the intervention arm and 75 for the placebo arm. All patients will receive capsules for daily consumption according to their assignment. They will receive ascending doses of the drug starting with 10 milligrams and progressively increasing every 2 to 4 weeks 10 mg until reaching the maximum dose proposed according to weight (maximum 1 mg/kg/d). Questionnaires and functional evaluations will be administered at the beginning of the study, and at the end of the treatment to evaluate the efficacy. The evaluations include the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury motor and sensory Scale, the Spinal Cord Injury Independence Measure (SCIM III), quality of life (SF-36), sphincter bladder/anal sensation/control in both genders and psychogenic erection in males as primary outcomes.

After the follow-up period, all test results will be analyzed and compared to determine the efficacy and safety of 4-aminopyridine. The Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square test will be used for statistical analysis.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Quality of Life, Efficacy and Safety of High Doses of 4-aminopyridine in Patients With Clinically Complete Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: Multicenter, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment with 4-aminopyridine
The 4-aminopyridine will be administered in the form of gelatin capsules containing 4-aminopyridine 10 mg and microcrystalline cellulose as excipient. The dose of 4-aminopyridine will increase 10 mg / every 2 to 4 weeks until reaching the maximum dose proposed by weight ( maximum 1 mg / kg / d).
Drug: 4-Aminopyridine
Each patient will take 10 mg per kilogram of weight (example: a person weighing 60 kg, will take two capsules three times a day after meals, for a total of 6 capsules / day). Each capsule will contain 10 milligrams of 4-Aminopyridine that will allow to be administered sequentially at progressively higher doses / day. The dose of 4-aminopyridine will increase 10 mg / 2 to 4 weeks.
Other Name: 4-AP

Placebo Comparator: Placebo oral capsule
Patients randomized to the placebo sequence will receive placebo in the same way as those who will take 4-AP. They will be blinded to the fact that they are taking placebo and the capsules will be identical in appearance to the intervention capsules.
Drug: Placebo oral capsule
The placebo arm will include a placebo of microcrystalline cellulose.
Other Name: Microcrystalline cellulose




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in Sensory Function [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    This function will be examined using the ASIA International Standards for the Neurological and Functional Classification of Spinal Cord Injury. Sensory function will be evaluated and qualify for two modes, pin prick / light touch in all dermatomes. The first one will be measured with the sharp and blunt end of a safety pin and the last one will be evaluated with a cotton ball. A scale of 3 points (0- 2) will be used depending on whether the modality is normal (2), diminished (1) or absent (0). A score of 2 for each of the 28 key sensory points tested on each side of the body would result in a maximum score of 56 for pin prick, 56 for light touch, and a total of 112, higher values represent a better outcome.

  2. Changes in Motor function [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    Motor function will be examined using the ASIA International Standards for the Neurological and Functional Classification of Spinal Cord Injury. Muscle strength will be evaluated in each of the 20 key muscles, five in each limb, representing segments of the spinal cord C5 through T1 and L2 through S1, using a six-point rating scale (0-5). There is a maximum score of 25 for each extremity, totaling 50 for the upper limbs and 50 for the lower limbs. Changes in motor score (total range from 0 to 100, higher values represent a better outcome).

  3. Changes in the functional assement of Spinal Cord Independence [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    The Spinal Cord Independence Measure version III (SCIM III) has 16 questions on self-care, respiratory and sphincter management and mobility in and out of home, which ranges from 0 (total dependence) to 100 points (total Independence).

  4. Changes in the Sphincters function [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    The function of the anal sphincter and the bladder will be evaluated. The anal function will be qualified as a sensation when the patient can differentiate when the rectum is full and ready to empty and control when the patient can stop the fecal evacuation with enough time to reach the bathroom and eliminate the fecal material. The function of the bladder will be classified in the same way as the anal function. Positive or negative will be the final result of sensation and control.

  5. Change of overall quality of life score as measured by Short Form-36 (SF-36) [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    The Short Form-36 (SF-36) has 36 questions. Each question has a score, which will be transformed into a 0 to 100 scale, where 0 corresponds to "the worst health state" and 100 to "the best health state".

  6. Changes in Mean International Index of Erectile Function [ Time Frame: From baseline at 6 months after treatment ]
    The international Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) contains 15 questions, rated from 0 or 1 to 5, yielding an overall score of 5-75 points. A score of 1-10 indicates severe erectile dysfunction, 11-16 moderate dysfunction, 17-25 mild dysfunction, and greater than 25 "normal" function.

  7. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (Safety) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Safety will be measured by occurrence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TRAEs); data will represent the number of participants with abnormal laboratory values and/or adverse events that are related to treatment.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) will be eligible for the study if they meet the following criteria:

  1. Chronic AIS A tetraplegia or paraplegia for more tan 2 years before the study begin.
  2. MRI showing cord continuity.
  3. Neurologic Injury level of C4-T12.
  4. Medically stable and able to breathe independently.
  5. Stable neurologic deficits for more than 60 days before the study.
  6. The absence of antiepileptic antecedent and electroencephalogram without epileptic activity.
  7. They have maintained some type of rehabilitation after injury in the affected limbs and paralyzed extremities without passive limitations (healthy joints)
  8. For females: postmenopausal or surgically sterile, or using an acceptable method of birth control.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pressure ulcers, skin infections, or phlebitis
  2. History of cardiovascular disease (syncope, arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction within the last two years), systolic blood pressure greater than 150 or less than 70 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure greater than 110 or less than 50 mm Hg, or heart rate greater than 110 or less than 50 beats/minute; impaired hepatic function (total hepatic enzyme or bilirubin levels greater than 2 times the upper limits of normal) or impaired renal function (creatinine level greater than 2 times the upper limits of normal) less than 6 months before the study
  3. Know allergy to pyridine-containing drugs
  4. Neurologic, degenerative, or psychiatric disorders that would impair the patient's ability to complete the protocol
  5. Any illness or abnormality that would jeopardize patient safety or interfere with the conduct of the study
  6. Inability to discontinue excluded concomitant drug therapy
  7. Were pregnant or lactating
  8. Had received any other investigational drug less tan 30 days before the study
  9. History of drug or alcohol abuse
  10. Treatment with and anti-spasticity compound and could not maintain a stable daily dosage
  11. Had received any drug known to cause significant major organ toxicity less tan 3 months before the study
  12. Peripheral neuropathy
  13. Treatment with corticosteroids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03899584


Contacts
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Contact: Israel Grijalva Otero, PhD +52-55-54401748 igrijalvao@yahoo.com
Contact: Susana Navarrete Navarro, PhD +52-55-56276900 ext 21216 susana.navarrete@imss.gob.mx

Locations
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Mexico
Hospital de Especialidades, CMN Siglo XXI Not yet recruiting
Mexico City, Mexico, 06725
Contact: Martín Paredes Cruz, MSc    +52-771-7955208    dr.paredes.c@hotmail.com   
Contact: Israel Grijalva Otero, PhD    +52-55-780240    igrijalvao@yahoo.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Martín Paredes Cruz, MSc Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Study Director: Israel Grijalva Otero, PhD Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

Publications:

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Responsible Party: Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03899584     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-785-073
First Posted: April 2, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico:
4-Aminopyridine
erectile function
tetraplegia
rehabilitation
questionnaires
paraplegia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spinal Cord Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
4-Aminopyridine
Potassium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action