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The Effects of Attenuated Versus Inactivated Flu Vaccine in Twin Sets (FLU-TW)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03898986
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 2, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Philip Grant, Stanford University

Brief Summary:
This is one project of a larger ongoing study related to the immune system's response to the flu virus. This study is designed to investigate the immune response to the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) vs. the Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV) in identical and fraternal twins.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Biological: Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) Biological: Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV4) Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase IV study of licensed influenza vaccines. The study requires 10 monozygotic and 10 dizygotic sets of twins (40 total participants) to enroll.

The duration of the study for an individual volunteer will be 4 weeks including screening and active participation. The study has a total of 3 visits.

First visit: Procedures during this visit are: Informed consent process, enrollment, study assessments, 20 ml blood draw, and vaccination. Participants will be randomized to receive either LAIV or IIV.

The time required to complete the first study visit will be about 30-40 minutes.

2nd (day 7 post vaccination) and 3rd (day 28 post vaccination ) visit: 20 ml blood will be obtained and the visit will take approximately 15 minutes.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: The Effects of Attenuated Versus Inactivated Flu Vaccine in Twin Sets
Estimated Study Start Date : June 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MZ twins (IIV or LAIV4)
Up to 20 healthy monozygotic (MZ) individual twin volunteers, 2-20 years old, will be randomized within the twin pair to receive either inactivated influenza vaccine quadrivalent (IIV4) Fluzone® Quadrivalent vaccine or live, attenuated influenza vaccine quadrivalent (LAIV4) FluMist® Quadrivalent. Each volunteer will complete a total of 3 visits: Day 0 (pre-immunization), Day 7 and Day 28 post-immunization. All visits will consist of drawing blood for study assays and monitoring for serious adverse events (SAEs).
Biological: Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4)
LAIV4 vaccine dosage is 0.2 mL. The vaccine will be administered as an intranasal spray. Each sprayer contains a single dose of FluMist® Quadrivalent; approximately one-half of the contents should be administered into each nostril. 0.1 mL (i.e., half of the dose from a single FluMist sprayer) is administered into each nostril while the recipient is in an upright position. Insert the tip of the sprayer just inside the nose and rapidly depress the plunger until the dose-divider clip stops the plunger. The dose-divider clip is removed from the sprayer to administer the second half of the dose (0.1 mL) into the other nostril.
Other Name: FluMist® Quadrivalent

Biological: Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV4)
IIV4 vaccine will be administered as a 0.5 mL dose, with a sterile, disposable syringe and needle by IM injection.
Other Name: Fluzone® Quadrivalent vaccine

Experimental: DZ twins (IIV or LAIV4)
Up to 20 healthy monozygotic (MZ) individual twin volunteers, 2-20 years old, will be randomized within the twin pair to receive either inactivated influenza vaccine quadrivalent (IIV4) Fluzone® Quadrivalent vaccine or live, attenuated influenza vaccine quadrivalent (LAIV4) FluMist® Quadrivalent. Each volunteer will complete a total of 3 visits: Day 0 (pre-immunization), Day 7 and Day 28 post-immunization. All visits will consist of drawing blood for study assays and monitoring for serious adverse events (SAEs).
Biological: Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4)
LAIV4 vaccine dosage is 0.2 mL. The vaccine will be administered as an intranasal spray. Each sprayer contains a single dose of FluMist® Quadrivalent; approximately one-half of the contents should be administered into each nostril. 0.1 mL (i.e., half of the dose from a single FluMist sprayer) is administered into each nostril while the recipient is in an upright position. Insert the tip of the sprayer just inside the nose and rapidly depress the plunger until the dose-divider clip stops the plunger. The dose-divider clip is removed from the sprayer to administer the second half of the dose (0.1 mL) into the other nostril.
Other Name: FluMist® Quadrivalent

Biological: Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV4)
IIV4 vaccine will be administered as a 0.5 mL dose, with a sterile, disposable syringe and needle by IM injection.
Other Name: Fluzone® Quadrivalent vaccine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. HAI titers [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]
    Evaluate HAI titers in response to influenza vaccination.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 2-20 year old male and female patients
  2. Willing and able to complete the informed consent process
  3. Availability of twin pair also agreeable and eligible for study inclusion
  4. Availability for follow-up for the planned duration of the study
  5. Acceptable medical history by review of inclusion/exclusion criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior off-study vaccination with seasonal influenza vaccine within three months of study vaccination
  2. Life-threatening reactions to previous influenza vaccinations
  3. Asthma (contraindication for receipt of LAIV4)
  4. Allergy to egg or egg products or to vaccine components including gentamicin, gelatin, arginine or MSG.
  5. Active systemic or serious concurrent illness, including febrile illness on the day of vaccination
  6. History of immunodeficiency (including HIV infection)
  7. Known or suspected impairment of immunologic function; may include significant liver disease, diabetes mellitus treated with insulin or moderate to severe renal disease
  8. Hospitalization in the past year for congestive heart failure or emphysema.
  9. Chronic Hepatitis B or C.
  10. Recent or current use of immunosuppressive medication, including systemic glucocorticoids (corticosteroid nasal sprays and topical steroids are permissible). Use of oral steroids (<20mg prednisone-equivalent/day) may be acceptable after review by the investigator.
  11. Participants in close contact with anyone who has a severely weakened immune system
  12. Malignancy, other than squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer (includes solid tumors such as breast cancer or prostate cancer with recurrence in the past year, and any hematologic cancer such as leukemia).
  13. Autoimmune disease (including rheumatoid arthritis treated with immunosuppressive medication such as Plaquenil, methotrexate, prednisone, Enbrel) which, in the opinion of the investigator might jeopardize volunteer safety or compliance with the protocol.
  14. History of blood dyscrasias, renal disease, or hemoglobinopathies requiring regular medical follow up or hospitalization during the preceding year
  15. Use of any anti-coagulation medication such as Coumadin or Lovenox, or anti-platelet agents such as aspirin (except up to 325 mg. per day), Plavix, or Aggrenox will be reviewed by investigators to determine if study participation would affect the volunteer's safety or compliance with the protocol.
  16. Has taken an influenza antiviral medication within 48 hours prior to study vaccination [If yes, may not eligible if unable to schedule at an appropriate interval].
  17. Receipt of blood or blood products within the past 6 months or planned used during the study.
  18. Medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities that preclude participant compliance with the protocol
  19. Receipt of an inactivated vaccine 14 days prior to study enrollment, or planned vaccinations prior to completion of last study visit (~ 14 days after study vaccination)
  20. Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 60 days prior to enrollment of planned vaccination prior to completion of last study visit (~ 14 days after study enrollment)
  21. Need for allergy immunization (that cannot be postponed) until after the last study visit.
  22. History of Guillain-Barre# syndrome
  23. Pregnant woman
  24. Breastfeeding woman
  25. Use of investigational agents within 30 days prior to enrollment or planned use during the study.
  26. Donation of the equivalent of a unit of blood within 6 weeks prior to enrollment or donation of platelets within 2 weeks of enrollment or planned donation prior to completion of the last visit.
  27. Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with volunteer safety, study objectives or the ability of the participant to understand or comply with the study protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03898986


Contacts
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Contact: Philip Grant 6507239443 pmgrant@stanford.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

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Responsible Party: Philip Grant, Assistant Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03898986     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 50200
5U19AI057229-15 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 2, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 2, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs