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Treatment Duration Increment and Pharmacodynamic Study of CX-4945 in Patients With Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03897036
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Senhwa Biosciences, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This study is to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) and schedule of CX-4945 when administered orally twice daily for 28 consecutive days, in a 4-week (28 days) cycle, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma (BCC). The safety and tolerability of CX-4945, preliminary evidence of antitumor effect, and the effect of CX-4945 treatment on the Hh signaling pathway will also be evaluated in this study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Basal Cell Drug: CX-4945 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Basal cell carcinomas require the hedgehog (Hh) pathway for growth. Hh binding relieves the inhibitory effect of PTCH1 on Smoothened (SMO). Signal transduction by SMO then leads to the activation and nuclear localization of GLI1 transcription factors and induction of Hh target genes, many of which are involved in proliferation, survival, and angiogenesis. Hedgehog pathway inhibitors, such as vismodegib6 and sonidegib phosphate, target the G-protein-coupled receptor Smoothened (SMO) and are recommended as first-line treatment for advanced BCC or mBCC by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. CK2 affects the terminal-most Hh signaling components. Given the roles of CK2 on the terminal step of the hedgehog signaling pathway, CK2 inhibition is unlikely to be overcome by downstream mutations within this pathway. These data thus suggest an immediately practical application of CX-4945 in Hh-driven tumors and possibly tumors resistant to SMO inhibitors.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I, Multi-Center, Open-Label, Treatment Duration Increment, Expansion, Safety, and Pharmacodynamic Study of CX-4945 Administered Orally Twice Daily to Patients With Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CX-4945 28 Day Dose Duration
CX-4945 capsules at 1000mg BID, on Days 1 through 28 of each treatment cycle
Drug: CX-4945
API powder-in-capsule in 200 mg strength

Experimental: CX-4945 21 Day Dose Duration
CX-4945 capsules at 1000mg BID, on Days 1 through 21 of each treatment cycle
Drug: CX-4945
API powder-in-capsule in 200 mg strength

Experimental: Expansion CX-4945 Locally Advanced BCC
CX-4945 capsules at 1000mg BID, on the dosing schedule identified during the Phase I treatment duration increment part of the study
Drug: CX-4945
API powder-in-capsule in 200 mg strength

Experimental: Expansion CX-4945 Metastatic BCC
CX-4945 capsules at 1000mg BID, on the dosing schedule identified during the Phase I treatment duration increment part of the study
Drug: CX-4945
API powder-in-capsule in 200 mg strength




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of RP2D [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, twenty-eight (28) day continuous dosing schedule ]
    Determination of RP2D for the expansion cohorts


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Event [ Time Frame: After initiation of study drug, all AEs and SAEs, regardless of attribution, will be collected until 30 days following the last dose of study drug or study discontinuation/termination, whichever is later. ]
    The number and attribution of all adverse events (including vital signs, physical findings, and clinical laboratory results) in patients who received any amount of study drug.

  2. Objective response [ Time Frame: After initiation of study drug, through 24 weeks or at the time clinical response if prior ]
    The objective response will be assessed separately for patients with mBCC and locally advanced BCC.

  3. Absence of residual BCC in laBCC patients [ Time Frame: After initiation of study drug, through 24 weeks or at the time clinical response if prior ]
    Absence of residual BCC in patients with locally advanced BCC achieving a clinical response to CX-4945, as measured by pathological review.

  4. The changes in GLI1 expression [ Time Frame: At screening and 8 weeks after initiation of study drug ]
    The changes in GLI1 expression in fresh-frozen tissue as measured by qRT-PCR.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed, written IRB-approved informed consent.
  2. Men and women age ≥ 18 years
  3. ECOG Performance status 0 or 1
  4. For patients with mBCC, histologic confirmation of distant BCC metastasis (e.g., lung, liver, lymph nodes, or bone), with metastatic disease that is RECIST measurable using CT or MRI

    Phase I Expansion:

    If a patient with locally advanced BCC also has a tumor that is not contiguous with cutaneous BCC, e.g., regional lymph nodes (if confirmed on biopsy as BCC and RECIST measurable), the patients should be considered as having mBCC and should be enrolled in the mBCC cohort

  5. For patients with locally advanced BCC, histologically confirmed disease with at least one lesion that was 10 mm or more in at least 1 dimension by color photograph that is considered to be inoperable or medical contraindication to surgery (see below), in the opinion of a Mohs dermatologic surgeon, head and neck surgeon, or plastic surgeon
  6. Acceptable medical contraindications to surgery include:

    1. BCC that has recurred in the same location after two or more surgical procedures and curative resection is deemed unlikely
    2. Anticipated substantial morbidity and/or deformity from surgery (e.g., removal of all or part of a facial structure, such as nose, ear, eyelid, eye; or requirement for limb amputation)
    3. Other conditions considered to be medically contraindicating must be discussed with the Medical Monitor before enrolling the patient.
  7. For all patients, smoothened inhibitor must have been previously administered for their locally advanced or metastatic BCC, unless smoothened inhibitor is inappropriate (e.g., patient has received a smoothened inhibitor but became intolerant to the therapy). For patients whose BCC has been treated with smoothened inhibitor, disease must have progressed after treatment.
  8. For patients with locally advanced BCC, radiotherapy must have been previously administered for their locally advanced BCC, unless radiotherapy is contraindicated or inappropriate (e.g., hypersensitivity to radiation due to genetic syndrome such as Gorlin syndrome, limitations because of location of tumor, or cumulative prior radiotherapy dose). For patients whose locally advanced BCC has been irradiated, disease must have progressed after radiation.
  9. Previous Therapy

    • Surgery: Previous surgery is permitted provided that a minimum of 28 days (4 weeks) have elapsed between any major surgery and date of registration, and that wound healing has occurred.
    • Cytotoxic Chemotherapy: There is no limit to the number of prior regimens received.
    • Other Systemic Therapy: Previous treatment with Hh pathway antagonists is not allowed (except for Smoothened inhibitors). There is no limit to the other prior therapies received

    Patients must have recovered (to baseline or ≤ grade 1) from all reversible toxicity related to prior chemotherapy or systemic therapy and have adequate washout as follows:

    Longest of one of the following:

    • Two weeks,
    • 5 half-lives for investigational agents,
    • Standard cycle length of standard therapies.
  10. Patients with nevoid BCC syndrome (Gorlin syndrome) may enroll in this study but must meet the criteria for locally advanced or metastatic disease listed above.
  11. For patients with locally advanced BCC, willingness to consent to biopsy of tumor(s) at baseline and during the study, as mandated by the protocol
  12. Adequate hematopoietic capacity, as defined by the following:

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL and not transfusion dependent
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500 cells/mm3
  13. Adequate hepatic function, as defined by the following:

    • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 5 times ULN if liver metastases are present
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN or within 3x the ULN for patients with Gilbert disease
    • Albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL
  14. Adequate renal function, as defined by the following:

    • Renal: calculated creatinine clearance >45 mL/min for patients with abnormal, increased, creatinine levels (Cockcroft-Gault formula).
  15. Women/men of childbearing potential must have agreed to use two effective contraceptive methods while on study and for 6 months after the last dose of CX-4945 (see Appendix D for definition of women of childbearing potential and acceptable and unacceptable methods of contraception)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Tumor histology consistent with basosquamous carcinoma (basal cell carcinoma with squamous differentiation or metatypical carcinoma).
  2. Pregnant or nursing women. NOTE: Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a man father a child, or a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, he or she should inform the treating physician immediately.
  3. Concurrent non-protocol-specified anti-tumor therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, other targeted therapy, radiation therapy, or photodynamic therapy)

    • For patients with multiple cutaneous BCCs at baseline that are not designated by the investigator as target lesions, treatment of these non-target BCCs with surgery may be permitted but must be discussed with the Medical Monitor prior to any surgical procedure.
    • For patients with locally advanced BCC whose target lesion(s) is/are inoperable at baseline but is/are later deemed potentially operable because of tumor response to CX-4945, surgery with curative intent may be permitted but must be discussed with the Medical Monitor prior to any surgical procedure.
  4. History of other malignancies within 3 years of Day 1, except for tumors with a negligible risk for metastasis or death, such as adequately treated squamous-cell carcinoma of the skin, ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  5. Active or uncontrolled infections or with serious illnesses or medical conditions which would not permit the patient to be managed according to the protocol.
  6. History of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates use of an investigational drug or that might affect interpretation of the results of the study or renders the patient at high risk from treatment complications
  7. Difficulty with swallowing oral medications
  8. Chronic diarrhea (excess of 2-3 stools/day above normal frequency)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03897036


Contacts
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Contact: Phoebe Fan 1-858-552-6808 phoebefan@senhwabio.com
Contact: Mohamed Elgendy 1-858-552-6808 mohamedelgendy@senhwabio.com

Locations
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United States, California
Stanford University, Department of Dermatology Recruiting
Redwood City, California, United States, 94063
Contact: Anne Lynn S. Chang, MD         
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Inc. Recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Contact: Zeynep Eroglu, MD         
United States, Texas
Texas Oncology - Baylor Charles A. Sammons Cancer Center Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75246
Contact: Charles L. Cowey, MD         
United States, Virginia
Inova Schar Cancer Institute Recruiting
Fairfax, Virginia, United States, 22031
Contact: Sekwon Jang, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Senhwa Biosciences, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: John Soong, MD, FCAP Senhwa Biosciences

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Responsible Party: Senhwa Biosciences, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03897036     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CX-4945-07
First Posted: April 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Senhwa Biosciences, Inc.:
Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma
laBCC
Locally Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma
mBCC
Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Basal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Basal Cell