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Effect of Fiasp® in Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03895515
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : March 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:
Fiasp® is a meal-time insulin that has been available in Sweden since June 2017. This study will investigate the effectiveness of Fiasp® in treating Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. The study will be based on blood sugar measurements that the participants have uploaded to the Diasend® database and on existing data in their electronic medical records. The study does not require any additional visits to the study doctor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Drug: Fiasp®

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 244 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: The Effect of Fiasp® (Fast-acting Insulin Aspart) in Type 1 Diabetes Patients Using Continuous Glucose Monitoring / Flash Glucose Monitoring in Real-world Clinical Practice in Sweden. A Non-interventional, Retrospective Chart and Database Review Study
Actual Study Start Date : January 3, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 22, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 22, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Fiasp®
Participants with type 1 diabetes who have switched to a basal-bolus insulin regimen with Fiasp® as the bolus insulin, from a basal-bolus insulin regimen with any other bolus insulin.
Drug: Fiasp®
Participants receive treatment with Fiasp® according to routine clinical practice. All treatment decisions, including assignment of participants to Fiasp® treatment, were made independently of the study and prior to the participants' inclusion in the study.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in percentage of time spent in glycaemic target range (TIR) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point.

    The change in percentage of TIR was defined as a blood glucose level of 3.9 to 10.0 mmol/L after initiation of Fiasp® treatment. Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in mean sensor glucose [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in mmol/L

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  2. Change in glycaemic variability (GV) (measured as coefficient of variation [CV]) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  3. Change in percentage of time spent in level 1 hyperglycaemia (greater than 10.0 mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  4. Change in percentage of time spent in level 2 hyperglycaemia (greater than 13.9 mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  5. Change in percentage of time spent in level 2 hypoglycaemia (lesser than 3.0 mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  6. Change in percentage of time spent in level 1 hypoglycaemia (lesser than 3.9 mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to and before index date, Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in percentage point

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Time frame description:

    From: Closest continuous two-week period during the four weeks before the index date To: Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  7. Proportion with CV lesser than 36% [ Time Frame: Two-week period closest to Week 26 ]

    Proportion of participants with/without GV corresponding to a CV lesser than 36%

    Time frame description:

    Continuous two-week period available closest to Week 26 during a period ranging between 20 weeks after index date to 32 weeks after index date. Measurements will, irrespective of analysis, only be considered if the patient is concomitantly on Fiasp® treatment.


  8. Change in Glycated Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Latest measurement between Week -12 and index date, measurement closest to Week 26 ]

    Measured in mmol/mol

    Index date is first Fiasp® prescription between 01 Sep 2017 and 01 Sep 2018.

    Measurement closest to Week 26 will be identified from a period ranging between 12 weeks after index date and 32 weeks after index date




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants with type 1 diabetes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Informed consent obtained before any study-related activities. Study-related activities are any procedures that are carried out as part of the study, including activities to determine suitability for the study (beyond identification of potential participants by searching for patients with type 1 Diabetes diagnosis, Fiasp® prescription information and electronic medical record (EMR) data to identify continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)/flash glucose monitoring (FGM) use
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent
  • Switched to a basal-bolus insulin regimen with Fiasp® as the bolus insulin, from a basal-bolus insulin regimen with any other bolus insulin. Switch must have occurred greater than or equal to 26 weeks prior to data collection and during 01 September 2017 to 31 August 2018
  • Treated with basal-bolus insulin regimen throughout the 26 weeks prior to Fiasp® initiation
  • Treated with the same basal insulin, i.e. no records of switching the basal insulin, during the 26 weeks prior to Fiasp® initiation or the 26 weeks after Fiasp® initiation
  • Diagnosed with type 1 diabetes for greater than or equal to 12 months prior to Fiasp® initiation
  • Use of CGM/FGM during the 26 weeks prior to Fiasp® initiation and the 26 weeks after Fiasp® initiation
  • Use of the same CGM/FGM device during the full 26-week period after Fiasp® initiation.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Previous participation in this study. Participation is defined as signed informed consent
  • Participation in clinical study with receipt of any investigational medicinal product known to affect glucose control during the 26-week period prior to Fiasp® initiation or the 26-week period after Fiasp® initiation
  • Mental incapacity, unwillingness or language barriers precluding adequate understanding or cooperation
  • Patients prescribed any other glucose-lowering drugs than insulins (anatomical therapeutic chemical [ATC] class A10B), including oral and injectable drugs, as addition to their insulin treatment during the 26-week period prior to Fiasp® initiation or the 26-week period after Fiasp® initiation
  • Use of Fiasp® as bolus insulin during the 26-week period prior to Fiasp® initiation
  • Use of any insulin with an insulin pump (i.e. continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion) during the 26-week period prior to Fiasp® initiation or the 26-week period after Fiasp® initiation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03895515


Locations
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Sweden
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Stockholm, Sweden, 141 86
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Reporting Anchor and Disclosure 1452 Novo Nordisk A/S

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Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03895515    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1218-4510
U1111-1228-4256 ( Other Identifier: World Health Organisation (WHO) )
First Posted: March 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to the Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk-trials.com
URL: http://novonordisk-trials.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin Aspart
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs