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Depressive Symptoms Among Medical Students

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03891836
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sara Medhat Soliman Gayed, Assiut University

Brief Summary:
Depression is a common mental disorder, people with depression feel sadness anxious, loss of interest or pleasure, hopeless, helpless, worthless feelings of guilt and poor concentration. It can impair person's ability to function at work or school, or cope with daily life. It can lead to suicide.

Condition or disease
Depressive Symptoms

Detailed Description:

Depressive symptoms are higher among women and its prevalence among university students was reported to be higher than the general population .There are various risk factors of depressive symptoms among university students, lower socioeconomic status, poor academic performance, overweight, life stressors, family history of psychiatric disorders, sleeping problems, and exposure to patients' suffering. Several studies were conducted among medical students in different Egyptian Universities to detect prevalence of depressive symptoms which were 42.9% in Al-Azhar Uni-versity, Cairo, 60.8% in Fayoum University, 59.2% in Mansoura University and 57.9% in Alexandria University.

A sense of control means having a feeling of autonomy, of choosing how you spend your time, of doing your own work in your own way, which is a key component of happiness. Depressive symptoms more common in those who feel there is little they can do to change important things in their lives.

Medical education is considered stressful. Medical students have psychological and academic stressors during their revolution from insecure students to young knowledgeable physicians, which were determined to be associated with depressive symptoms and decrease the quality of life and academic achievements.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 742 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms Among Assiut University Medical Students
Estimated Study Start Date : June 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
medical students
All students from the chosen classes in each study year will be invited to complete self-administered questionnaire



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. prevalence of depressive symptoms among medical students by patient health questionnaire-9 [ Time Frame: one year ]
    it is a scale used to diagnose major depressive disorder or other depressive disorder, each question in the scale take score from 0 to 3 summation of these scores detect degree of severity which is (1-4) minimal depression, (5-9) mild depression, (10-14) moderate depression, (15-19) moderately severe depression and (20-27) severe depression. It includes questions about: Lack of interest, depressed mood, sleeping difficulties, tiredness, appetite problems, negative feelings about self, concentration problems, psychomotor agitation/retardation and Suicidal ideation

  2. social class of the student by family affluence sale III (FAS-III) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    FAS consists of 6 items. The responses to the items are given as specific values and calculated as an aggregated FAS index ranging from 0 to 13. The more index of FAS-III the higher is social class of the student. It consists of questions about: motor vehicle, bedroom, computers, bathrooms, dishwasher and holidays.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. sense of control by MIDI scale [ Time Frame: one year ]

    A sense of control means having a feeling of autonomy, of choosing how you spend your time, of doing your own work in your own way, which is a key component of happiness. Depressive symptoms more common in those who feel there is little they can do to change important things in their lives. This scale is a self-report measure of sense of control of 12 items. It measures sense of control in 2 categories:

    Perceived Constraints and Personal Mastery. The scores of 12 items will be averaged to create a composite measure. Higher scores indicated higher sense of control.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 25 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Egyptian students registered at faculty of Medicine, Assiut University in the academic year 2018-2019
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All Egyptian medical students at faculty of Medicine, Assiut University in the academic year 2018-2019

Exclusion Criteria:

Non-Egyptian medical students


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03891836


Contacts
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Contact: Randa Shams-Eldin, Professor 01066211997 ext 002 Randashams@yahoo.com
Contact: Heba Mohammed, Lecturer 010004574523 ext 002 Dr.heba.mahmoud@hotmail.com

Locations
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Egypt
Assiut uiversity
Assiut, Egypt, 71111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assiut University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sara Gayed Assiut University
Publications:
Shams-Eldin AA, Hassan H, Abo Elkhar O et al. (2017): Prevalence of Depression among Medical Students at Al-Azhar Uni¬versity, Cairo, Egypt; Community Med Public Health: CMPH-115. DOI: 10.29011/CMPH-115/100015.
Abdel Wahed W Y, Hassan S K. (2016): Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical Fayoum University students; Alexandria Journal of Medicine Doi.org/10.1016/j.ajme.2016.01.005.
Barakat D, Elwasify M et al. (2016): Relation between insomnia and stress, anxiety, and depression among Egyptian medical students; Middle East Current Psychiatry, Volume 23, Number 3, July 2016, pp. 119-127(9), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.XME.0000484345.57567.a9.
Ibrahim MB, Abdelreheem MH. (2015): Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria/University Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University. Alexandria J Med 2015;51:167-73.
Alzahrani AHS. (2017): Depression and suicide among medical students: a comparison study between medical and medical sciences students in Taif University, Taif-KSA. W J Pmr., 3(2):1822.

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Responsible Party: Sara Medhat Soliman Gayed, Principle investigator, Assiut University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03891836    
Other Study ID Numbers: Students' depressive symptoms
First Posted: March 27, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 27, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Behavioral Symptoms