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Pre-market Study to Evaluate Safety and Performance of GreenBone Implant (Long Bone Study)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03884790
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 21, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GreenBone Ortho S.r.l.

Brief Summary:
Multi-center, international, prospective, open-label, single-arm, first-in-human clinical investigation. The Patients enrolled in this clinical investigation will undergo a scheduled surgery for the treatment of long bone defects up to 6 cm using GreenBone Implant. After the surgery, the Patients will be monitored at pre-scheduled visits up to 12 months. Adverse events, pain, quality of life and functional parameters, as well as X-ray and CT scan, will be evaluated at scheduled follow-up visits. An independent Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) will review the safety reports at regular intervals and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) as soon as reported, to protect Patients participating in the study. The initial phase of the study contemplates the treatment of bone defects up to 3 cm. An adaptive interim analysis will be performed when the first 7 Patients will have completed the 6-month follow-up visit. The DSMB will review the results of the interim analysis with respect to the primary endpoint (safety), and provide one of the following recommendations to the Sponsor: a) to stop the study for unacceptable frequency and severity of adverse events or b) to continue the study up to 25 Patients recruited and to include at least 5 Patients with a longer bone defect (> 3 cm up to 6 cm).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bone Substitutes Bone Defect Device: surgical repair of long bone defects Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a pre-market multi-centre, international, open label, single-arm, study to evaluate the safety and performance of a Class III medical device (GreenBone Implant) for the treatment of long bone defect. Bone defects can result from malformation, high-energy traumatic events, bone resection due to different pathologies such as tumors or infections, or from the treatment of complex non-unions. Current treatment of bone defects usually implies the use of bone grafts and/or biocompatible materials, to create a scaffold that bridges the defect. Autograft and Allograft are the treatments most currently used for large bone loss, but both treatments have significant disadvantages. These types of treatment carry the risk of transferring disease from animals and/or humans to the patient; there is also a risk of host local allergic reaction. Bone substitutes are devoid of the above risks and therefore they could be used alternatively to xenografts and allografts. GreenBone is a ceramic resorbable bone scaffold that has very similar structure to bone. It can be produced in large quantities, shaped easily and sterilised without losing its properties. Consequently, it is an ideal substitute that could be used to fill bone defects. This study will assess the safety of using GreenBone treatment of long bone defects up to 6 cm. Moreover it will assess its capacity of promoting new bone formation. The investigators will recruit 25 patients with long bone defect and instead of bovine xenograft we will use the GreenBone implant for the long bone reconstruction. Patients will be followed up for 12 months in total.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Pre-market, Multi-center, International, Open-label, Single-arm Study to Evaluate the Safety and Performance of a Class III Medical Device (GreenBone Implant) for Surgical Repair of Long Bone Defects
Actual Study Start Date : January 22, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Surgical repair of long bone defects
The Patients in the study group will be surgically treated and the GreenBone Bone Substitute will be implanted
Device: surgical repair of long bone defects

Current treatment of bone defects usually implies the use of bone grafts and/or biocompatible materials, to create a scaffold that bridges the defect, favoring the migration of cells from the neighboring tissues to fill the gap. Autograft and Allograft are the treatments most currently used for large bone loss, but both treatments have significant disadvantages. Different types of synthetic materials have been tested for repair of long bone gaps.

However, at the moment, there is not any bone substitute with the ideal/desirable osteoinductive, osteoconductive and mechanical properties. GreenBone Implant is a synthetic, acellular, reabsorbable, new generation bone graft, being suitable for surgical reconstruction of bone defects.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety Evaluation assessed by Evaluation of adverse events rate [ Time Frame: Overall study period up to 12 months ]
    Evaluation of adverse events rate during the study period. All adverse occurrences (serious/non-serious or device-related/non device-related) will be recorded prospectively, categorized and evaluated for causality using defined criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Technical Success of surgical procedure [ Time Frame: During of surgical procedure (visit 2, 1 day) ]

    Evaluation of technical success, defined as successful delivery of the GreenBone Implant in the target defect bone evaluated at V2 (during surgical procedure).

    Technical success regards the surgical procedure and evaluates the performance of medical device.


  2. Bone regeneration evaluation through modified Lane and Sandhu Radiological Scoring System (bone formation, union and remodeling) [ Time Frame: At the end of visits 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 (respectively performed at screening and 1,2,3,6,9,12 months after the surgery, each visit is 1 day) ]
    Evaluation of the bone regeneration in the area of intervention in comparison to baseline (V1), by means of X-ray and/or CT scan examination, on visits V3, V4, V5, V6, V7 and V8. X-ray scoring systems have been implemented according to the criteria proposed by modified Lane and Sandhu Radiological Scoring System (Lane 1987). This scoring system evaluates bone formation, union and remodeling. To evaluate the bone formation, there is a scale with 5 points, from 0 to 4 (0=No evidence of bone formation-4=Bone formation occupying 100% of defect). To evaluate bone union and remodelling, there is a scale with 3 points, from 0 to 2 (0=Non-union-2=Radiographic union).

  3. Functional assessment [ Time Frame: At the end of visits 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 (respectively performed at screening and 1,2,3,6,9,12 months after the surgery, each visit is 1 day) ]

    Functional Assessment: evaluation of functional recovery of Patient, by means of a standardized questionnaire (36-Item Short Form Survey - SF-36), on visits V1, V3, V4, V5, V6, V7 and V8. The questionnaire is Medical Outcomes Study Questionnaire Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The SF-36 has eight scaled scores; the scores are weighted sums of the questions in each section. Scores range from 0-100. Lower score=more disability, higher scores=less disability.

    Sections:

    • Vitality
    • Physical functioning
    • Bodily pain
    • General health perceptions
    • Physical role functioning
    • Emotional role functioning
    • Social role functioning
    • Mental health

  4. Evaluation of pain [ Time Frame: At the end of visits 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 (respectively performed at screening and 1,2,3,6,9,12 months after the surgery, each visit is 1 day) ]
    Evaluation of degree of pain perceived by the Patient, by means of a Visual Analogue Score (VAS/0-10 point scale), on visits V1, V3, V4, V5, V6, V7 and V8. The Visual Analogue Score (VAS) that a scale with 10 points, from 0 to 10, 0 indicates "no pain at all" and 10 the "worst pain ever".

  5. Evaluation of Quality-of-Life [ Time Frame: At the end of visits 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 (respectively performed at screening and 1,2,3,6,9,12 months after the surgery, each visit is 1 day) ]
    Evaluation of Quality-of-Life by means of EuroQoL EQ-5D-5L Validated Questionnaire, on visits V1, V3, V4, V5, V6, V7 and V8. The EQ-5D-5L is a descriptive system. This system comprises the same 5 dimensions (mobility, self care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression). Each dimension has 5 levels: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems, and extreme problems.

  6. Global Tolerability of patient to treatment [ Time Frame: At the end of visits 3,4,5,6,7,8 (respectively performed 1,2,3,6,9,12 months after the surgery, each visit is 1 day) ]
    Evaluation of global tolerability to treatment of Patient (by the Investigator), through a standardized questionnaire, on visits V3, V4, V5, V6, V7 and V8. Global Tolerability Questionnaire is a questionnaire with 6 questions that are completed by the investigator in order to evaluate the operated site.

  7. Reinterventions number [ Time Frame: between 1 and 12 months ]
    Evaluation of the number of re-interventions occurring for the Patient throughout the 12-month observation period.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female Patients.
  2. Patients aged ≥ 18 and ≤ 65 years old.
  3. Patients requiring long bone defect reconstructions up to 3 cm, resulting from high-energy traumatic events, or from the treatment of complex bone non-unions in the extremities (arms and legs), or patients undergoing the second stage of the Masquelet technique.
  4. Patients understanding the nature of the study and providing their informed consent to participation.
  5. Patients willing and able to attend the follow-up visits and procedures foreseen by study protocol.

Please note: after interim analysis review by the DSMB, inclusion criteria n. 3 will be modified as follows (all Investigators will be notified by the Sponsor, and adequate training by Clinical Research Associate-CRA will be conducted):

Change of inclusion criteria n. 3: Patients requiring long bone defect reconstructions longer than 3 cm and up to 6 cm, resulting from high-energy traumatic events, or from the treatment of complex bone non-unions in the extremities (arms and legs), or patients undergoing the second stage of the Masquelet technique.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with bone infection at the time of enrolment.
  2. Patients with bone malignant tumor(s) at the time of enrolment.
  3. Patients who have been treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 12 months before the enrolment.
  4. Patients with concomitant infectious systemic diseases at the time of enrolment.
  5. Patients with known inflammatory systemic diseases at the time of enrolment.
  6. Patients with concomitant myeloproliferative disorders at the time of enrolment.
  7. Patients currently treated with systemic immunosuppressive agents, excluding steroids.
  8. Patients with active autoimmune disease.
  9. Patients with a pre-existing calcium metabolism disorder (i.e. hypercalcemia).
  10. Known hyperthyroidism or autonomous thyroid adenoma.
  11. Patients with coagulopathy or bleeding disorders.
  12. Patients who are not allowed to undergo the study procedures involving imaging (X-rays, CT scan) based on Investigator's judgement.
  13. Patients with known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to the GreenBone Implant components.
  14. Patients who are participating or have participated in other clinical studies within the 30 days before the study enrolment.
  15. Patients identified by the Investigator to have intra-operative findings that may preclude conduct of study procedure.
  16. Patients with occurrence of major intra-operative complications that require resuscitation or deviation from the planned surgical procedure.
  17. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding or who wish to become pregnant during the period of the clinical investigation and for three months later.
  18. Female Patients of childbearing age (less than 24 months after the last menstrual cycle) who do not use adequate contraception.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03884790


Contacts
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Contact: Lorenzo Pradella, PHD +39 054646666 lorenzo.pradella@greenbone.it
Contact: Elena Venturelli, Graduated +39 054646666 elena.venturelli@greenbone.it

Locations
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Orthopedic and Traumatology Clinic, University Clinical Center of Republic of Srpska Not yet recruiting
Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 78000
Israel
Orthopedic Surgery Section, Division of Surgery,Rambam Health Care Campus Recruiting
Haifa, Israel, 3109601
Italy
Unitá Operativa di Traumatologia,Humanitas Research Hospital Recruiting
Rozzano, Milano, Italy, 20089
Serbia
Orthopedic Surgery Section, Global Care Surgery Hospital Not yet recruiting
Novi Sad, Serbia, 21000
Slovenia
Clinical Department for Traumatology,University Medical Center of Ljubljana Not yet recruiting
Ljubljana, Slovenia, SI-1000
United Kingdom
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Leeds General Infirmary Not yet recruiting
Leeds, United Kingdom, LS13EX
Sponsors and Collaborators
GreenBone Ortho S.r.l.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Peter Giannoudis, MD Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS
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Responsible Party: GreenBone Ortho S.r.l.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03884790    
Other Study ID Numbers: GB-02-18
First Posted: March 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GreenBone Ortho S.r.l.:
Bone substitute
Bone regeneration