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Adjustment of Adopted Adolescents in Their Families (EEAA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872895
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Catholic University, Italy
University of Oslo
University of Seville, Spain
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Hospitalier St Anne

Brief Summary:
The adjustment of adopted adolescents has been studied in the U.S. and England, but few other European countries have conducted research into this topic. As countries differ greatly in their cultural practices, a comparative study of the adjustment of internationally adopted teenagers in 4 European countries (France, Italy, Spain, Norway) is planned. The adjustment of teens and their families will be studied in relation to the openness of communication related to adoption within the families.

Condition or disease
Adoption Adolescent Behavior Family Relations

Detailed Description:

The aim of the study is to evaluate the status of internationally adopted adolescents in relation to the characteristics of their families, and to explore the similarities and differences in 4 different European countries. Parents and adolescents will complete questionnaires which incorporate and adapt many standard measures. The parent questionnaire includes components of : a) Family Adjustment and Cohesion Scale (FACES), b) Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for parents (SDQ-parent), c) Parent Stress Index (PSI), d) Adoption Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ), d) Brodzinsky Scale (openness in family communication related to adoption), and e) basic demographic information.

The adolescent questionnaire includes elements of : a) SDQ-adolescent, b) Health Behavior in School Children questionnaire (HBSC), c) Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), d) Lee Scale (Discrimination Scale for Adoptees).

It is hoped that the study will permit a better understanding of the experiences of families and their children after international adoption. This knowledge will help potential adoptive families as well as families who have already adopted. This information is not yet available in a European context. In addition, the information will be valuable to adoption professionals. Moreover, the opportunity to compare outcomes and experiences of families and adolescents in 4 European countries will allow a better understanding of the contribution of different cultural contexts to these outcomes. It is hypothesized that different cultural practices and beliefs about adoption likely impact the experience of adoption by adolescents and parents. A better understanding of this dynamic will be useful clinically as well as at the community level and beyond.


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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 800 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Adjustment of Adopted Adolescents in Their Families
Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Adoption




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Openness of family communication related to adoption (standardized scale developed by David Brodzinsky) [ Time Frame: past 30 days ]
    Openness to family communication about the subject of adoption will be assessed using the Brodzinsky standardized scale. This will be correlated to adolescent outcomes (adjustment to family, school, and community) using constructed variables drawn from the Health Behavior in School Children questionnaire


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parent Stress (using PSI, Parent Stress Index) [ Time Frame: past year ]
    Parent Stress will be measured using the widely-used Parent Stress Index. This scale contains 36 items which are completed by parent self-report. The items are combined to form a Total Stress scale. Scoring results in a percentile profile. The normal range=15th-80th percentile. Scores at or above the 85th percentile are considered high (more stress) and Defensive Reponding scores at 10 or below are considered extremely low. Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency: minimum =0.8, max=.91, and average=.85. This scale (first published in 1990 by Abdin) has been used and cited in over 4900 scientific papers.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Parents who have an internationally adopted adolescent between ages of 11-17 years, and whose child arrived in the family at least 6 months ago, as well as internationally adopted adolescents between ages of 11-17 years who arrived in the family at least 6 months ago
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents: have an internationally adopted adolescent between ages of 11-17 years child arrived in the family at least 6 months ago Adolescents: internationally adopted, between ages of 11-17 years arrived in the family at least 6 months ago

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parents: unwilling or unable to complete questionnaire Adolescent: unwilling or unable to complete questionnaire

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03872895


Contacts
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Contact: Laurie Miller, MD 33612222628 laurie.miller@tufts.edu
Contact: Rosa Rosnati, PhD (+39) 02 - 7234 ext 1 rosa.rosnati@unicatt.it

Locations
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France
Hospital SAINTE ANNE Recruiting
Paris, France, 75014
Contact: Marie Odile MD PEROUSE DE MONTCLOS       perousedemontclos@ch-sainte-anne.fr   
Contact: Laurie MD MILLER         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier St Anne
Catholic University, Italy
University of Oslo
University of Seville, Spain
Investigators
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Study Chair: Laurie Miller, MD GHU Ste Anne

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Responsible Party: Centre Hospitalier St Anne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872895     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D18-PO16
First Posted: March 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No