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Psychoeducational Intervention to Promote Adolescents' Mental Health Literacy in a School Context

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872817
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tânia Manuel Moço Morgado, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra

Brief Summary:
Mental Health Literacy was defined as knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in its recognition, management or prevention. Portugal is the European country with the highest prevalence of mental illness in the population (22.9%) and anxiety disorders are the most common (16.5%). Approximately 20% of children and adolescents suffer from some mental disorder and about 8% of adolescents aged 13 to 18 years have some anxiety disorders. Portugal School Health Program 2015 evidences the promotion of health literacy and anxiety as areas of intervention in adolescence. The investigators intend to know the feasibility of a psychoeducational intervention to promote adolescents' mental health literacy (MHL) about anxiety in a school context.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Health Literacy Other: Intervention ProLiSMentAl Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Mental Health Literacy (MHL) was defined as knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in its recognition, management or prevention and include several components: recognition of disorders to facilitate help-seeking; knowledge of professional help and treatments available; knowledge of effective self-help strategies; knowledge and skills to give first aid and support to others, and knowledge of how to prevent mental disorders. MHL is not simply knowledge of mental health problems, it is knowledge linked to action which can benefit one's own mental health or that of others. Portugal is the European country with the highest prevalence of mental illness in the population (22.9%) and anxiety disorders are the most common (16.5%). Approximately 20% of children and adolescents suffer from some mental disorder and about 8% of adolescents aged 13 to 18 years have some anxiety disorders. In a Portugal recent study, anxiety predominated in 66.3% (930) adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17 who used the urgency of a pediatric hospital from 2011 to 2014. Portugal School Health Program (2015) evidences the promotion of health literacy and anxiety as areas of intervention in adolescence.

The objectives of this study are: identify adolescents' MHL about anxiety in school setting; design an psychoeducational intervention to promote adolescents' MHL about anxiety in school setting; validate the content of that intervention and evaluate its feasibility.

Research Method(s): Medical Research Council's (MRC) framework and CReDECI Checklist were applied on the development and evaluation of complex interventions using quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. Ethical considerations have taken place.

Implementation Strategies for Findings: Development of psychoeducational intervention to promote adolescents' MHL about anxiety in school setting supported by Health Promotion Model of Pender; Conceptual Model of Health Literacy and Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction. Systematic reviews about adolescents' MHL and about MHL interventions showed reduced mental health literacy of adolescents and suggest some methods and pedagogical techniques. We designed a mental health literacy psychoeducational intervention about anxiety on adolescents in a school context called "ProLiSMentAl" using different methods and pedagogical techniques, consist of 4 sessions of 90 minutes: 1) Improvement social anxiety recognition; 2) prevention strategies; 3) self-help strategies; 4) knowledge of first aid strategies and 5) knowledge of professionals and treatments available. Contextual factors and determinants of the setting in the modelling of the intervention were given by a focus group with 6 health and education experts and a focus group with 6 adolescents and an e-delphi with 25 experts. After nurses' training and preparation meetings, mixed studies were carried out to model the final intervention and determine feasibility, acceptability and practicability of this complex intervention: 1) feasibility study: pre-experimental, before and after, without control group with 11 adolescents; 2) adolescents', health and education professionals' evaluation; 3) pilot study: quasi-experimental, before, after and 1month follow-up (n=21) with an equivalent control group (n=17).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants are assigned in two groups, an experimental group who will receive the psychoeducational intervention "ProLiSMentAl" and a control group who have usual intervention
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Development and Piloting of a Psychoeducational Intervention to Promote Mental Health Literacy in Adolescents in a School Context
Actual Study Start Date : February 2, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 13, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : May 31, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention ProLiSMentAl
Experimental Group receive mental health literacy psychoeducational intervention called "ProLiSMentAl" that consist of 4 sessions of 90 minutes.
Other: Intervention ProLiSMentAl
Using different methods and pedagogical techniques, mental health literacy psychoeducational intervention called "ProLiSMentAl" consist of 4 sessions of 90 minutes: 1) improvement social anxiety recognition; 2) prevention strategies; 3) self-help strategies; 4) knowledge of first aid strategies and 5) knowledge of professionals and treatments available.

No Intervention: Control Group
Control Group receive usual approach.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of a psychoeducational intervention to promote adolescents' mental health literacy about anxiety in school setting using mental health literacy questionnaires. [ Time Frame: Before, immediately following the psychoeducational intervention and 1 month follow-up ]

    Improvement and change of adolescents' mental health literacy from baseline, measured before, immediately following the psychoeducational intervention and 1 month follow-up.

    Measuring instruments: Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire.

    Treatment and analysis of data: content analysis and IBM SPSS Statistics 24.0




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All adolescents', students from 9th grade with informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • students with special needs;
  • students of other years of schooling
  • students without informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03872817


Sponsors and Collaborators
Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tânia Morgado, RN, MSc CHUC, EPE, EsenfC and UICISA:E

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Tânia Manuel Moço Morgado, Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872817     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 71/2015
First Posted: March 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Tânia Manuel Moço Morgado, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra:
Mental Health
Health Literacy
Adolescent
Schools