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Pre-operAtive Non-Anthracycline Chemotherapy, Durvalumab +/- RAdiation Therapy in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (PANDoRA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872505
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heather McArthur, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Brief Summary:

This phase II randomized trial is for patients with clinical stage II-III, ER and PR <10%, HER2-negative invasive breast carcinoma (triple negative breast cancer) for whom adjuvant RT is planned and pre-operative RT is deemed feasible by the treating radiation oncologist. Subjects will be randomized into arm A or B and treatment will last for 16 weeks. Both groups will receive Durvalumab 750mg IV Q2 weeks x 2 then a biopsy prior to durvalumab 1500mg IV Q4 weeks x 3 with paclitaxel and carboplatin IV weekly x 12. Arm B will receive radiation (24 Gy total) starting with the second durvalumab dose every other day (8Gy per fraction) for one week. Following treatment, subjects will receive SOC breast surgery and continue on to physician's choices SOC treatment during the 3 year follow up period.

This study hopes to explore the impact of checkpoint blockade administration with a non- anthracycline chemotherapy regimen plus RT on post-surgery pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in the breast and axilla (ypT0/Tis ypN0) following 12 weeks of treatment and surgery.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Triple Negative Breast Cancer Drug: Durvalumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 140 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study Evaluating Pathologic Response Rates Following Pre-operAtive Non-Anthracycline Chemotherapy, Durvalumab (MEDI4736) +/- RAdiation Therapy (RT) in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC): The PANDoRA Study.
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Chemotherapy + Durvalumab
Arm A: Carboplatin, Paclitaxel and Durvalumab
Drug: Durvalumab
IV administration of 5 treatments;every 2 weeks for 2 treatments and then every 4 weeks for 3 treatments
Other Name: Imfimzi

Drug: Carboplatin
IV administration weekly for 12 weeks

Drug: Paclitaxel
IV administration every week for 12 weeks

Experimental: Chemo + Durvalumab + Radiation Therapy
Arm B: Carboplatin, Paclitaxel and Durvalumab + Radiation Therapy
Drug: Durvalumab
IV administration of 5 treatments;every 2 weeks for 2 treatments and then every 4 weeks for 3 treatments
Other Name: Imfimzi

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
The second dose of durvalumab will be given in conjunction with an RT boost, consisting of 8 Gy in 3 fractions for a total of 24 Gy.

Drug: Carboplatin
IV administration weekly for 12 weeks

Drug: Paclitaxel
IV administration every week for 12 weeks




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathological complete response rate in the breast and axilla [ Time Frame: 20 weeks from randomization ]

    Proportion of subjects without residual invasive cancer in the breast and axilla from randomization to definitive surgery.

    Measured as the lack of residual invasive cancer on hematoxylin and eosin evaluation of the complete resected breast specimen and all sampled regional lymph nodes following completion of neoadjuvant systemic therapy at the time of definitive surgery.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathological complete invasive and in situ response rate (breast and axilla) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks from randomization ]

    Proportion of subjects without residual invasive and in situ cancer in the breast and axilla disease from randomization to definitive surgery.

    - Residual invasive cancer and in situ disease defined based on hematoxylin and eosin evaluation of the complete resected breast specimen and all sampled regional lymph nodes following completion of neoadjuvant systemic therapy by pathological assessment.


  2. Proportion of subjects with pathological invasive complete response in the breast only [ Time Frame: 20 weeks from randomization ]

    Proportion of subjects without residual invasive cancer in the breast from randomization to definitive surgery.

    - Residual invasive breast cancer defined based on hematoxylin and eosin evaluation of the complete resected breast specimen following completion of neoadjuvant systemic therapy by pathological assessment.


  3. Residual Cancer Burden (RCB) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks from randomization ]

    Proportion of subjects with RCB 0-I, II or III from randomization to definitive surgery.

    -Residual Cancer Burden defined based on the RCB index, a component of four pathological parameters: bi-dimensional diameter of primary tumor bed, percent of cellularity in the tumor bed, number of involved lymph nodes and size of the largest nodal metastasis. The RCB possible scores are: RCB 0 (pCR), RCB I, RCB II, RCB III.


  4. Event Free Survival [ Time Frame: 36 months from randomization ]
    Mean difference in time (in months) from randomization to any of the following events progression of disease that precludes surgery, local or distant recurrence, or death due to any cause.

  5. Invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) [ Time Frame: 33 months from surgery ]
    Mean difference in time (in months) from date of surgery (date of no disease) to the first documentation of invasive progressive disease or death.

  6. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 36 months from randomization ]
    Mean difference in time (in months) from randomization to death.

  7. Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from treatment initiation ]

    Incidence and severity of adverse events (AE) and serious adverse events (SAE) from cycle 1 day 1 until 30 days post-surgery.

    -AEs and SAEs based on CTCAE 5.0


  8. Frequency of adjuvant treatment after surgery [ Time Frame: 36 months from randomization ]
    Average number of subjects receiving adjuvant treatment after surgery.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male/female patients with histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer, ER <10%, PR <10% and HER2-negative for whom adjuvant RT is planned and in whom pre-operative RT is feasible.
  2. Clinical stage II-III by the AJCC 8th definition, any nodal status (cT2-4N0 or cT1-4N1-3), biopsies of clinically suspicious lymph nodes to confirm nodal status is encouraged.
  3. Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form and in this protocol. Written informed consent and any locally required authorization obtained from the patient/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations.
  4. At least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent.
  5. The participant (or legally acceptable representative if applicable) provides written informed consent for the trial.
  6. Body weight >30kg.
  7. Have provided archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated. Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks are preferred to slides. Newly obtained biopsies are preferred to archived tissue.
  8. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1.
  9. Have adequate organ function as defined in the following table (Table 1). Specimens must be collected within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment.
  10. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
  11. Patients with multifocal, multicentric or bilateral breast cancer are permitted if all suspicious foci have been biopsied and deemed "triple negative" per criterion 1.

    Male participants:

  12. A male participant must agree to use a contraception as detailed in Appendix C of this protocol during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.

    Female participants:

  13. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (see Appendix C), not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    1. Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) as defined in Appendix C OR
    2. A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix C during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to randomization (see Appendix C). If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  2. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137).
  3. Any concurrent chemotherapy, IP, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
  4. Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  5. History of allogenic organ transplantation.
  6. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP.
  7. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 4 weeks, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study or during the follow-up period of an interventional study.
  8. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    1. Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection)
    2. Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
    3. Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication)
  9. History of another primary malignancy except for:

    1. Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥5 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence
    2. Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    3. Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  10. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients.
  11. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    1. Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
    2. Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    3. Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    4. Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
    5. Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
  12. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  13. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  14. History of active primary immunodeficiency.
  15. Known active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus . Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
  16. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhoea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
  17. Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab monotherapy.
  18. Prior randomization or treatment in a previous durvalumab clinical study regardless of treatment arm assignment.
  19. Stage IV (metastatic) breast cancer
  20. Inflammatory breast cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03872505


Contacts
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Contact: Christina Abaya 310-423-5489 Christina.Abaya@cshs.org

Locations
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United States, California
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Heather McArthur, MD, MPH Cedars-Sinai

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Responsible Party: Heather McArthur, Medical Director, Breast Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872505     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IIT2018-17-McArthur-TCDRT
First Posted: March 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Heather McArthur, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center:
breast cancer
durvalumab
immunotherapy
triple negative
HER2 negative
ER/PR negative
carboplatin
radiation therapy
paclitaxel
neoadjuvant
stage II breast cancer
stage III breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Durvalumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs