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Is Diverting Loop Ileostomy Necessary in Completion Proctectomy With Ileal Pouch Anal- Anastomosis: A Multicentre, Randomized Study of the GETAID Chirurgie Group. IDEAL Trial (IDEAL)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872271
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille

Brief Summary:

Defunctioning ileostomy has demonstrated its benefits (rate and seriousness of anastomotic leakage) in cancer for low colorectal and coloanal anastomoses, whereas there are no such good quality evidences in case of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) performed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most surgical teams do protect systematically IPAA by an ileostomy.

Total proctocolectomy with IPAA is the gold standard for surgical management of ulcerative colitis (UC). This demanding procedure is often performed in 2 or 3 stages, namely subtotal colectomy, completion proctectomy with IPAA and defunctioning ileostomy closure. Subtotal colectomy with double stoma is first performed to allow nutritional support, reduce inflammation and stop immunosuppressive agents. Completion proctectomy with IPAA is then performed on a healthier patient. Hence, the need for a systematic defunctioning ileostomy is questioned. No study addressed specifically the question of completion proctectomy, whereas it concerns 36% to 42% of patients undergoing IPAA. Globally, the overall 6-month morbidity rate is 55% in case of stoma creation vs. 30% otherwise in IPAA.

Moreover, defunctioning ileostomy has several drawbacks including an additional surgical procedure (stoma closure), a worse quality of life before closure, and the risk of dehydration that may require readmission. Following stoma closure, the risk of anastomotic leakage is around 4%. Overall, during the stoma period, 8% of patients will require reoperation. Finally, the risk of incisional hernia is 15-20% at the ex-ileostomy site.

Therefore, the aim of this trial is to assess the need for a systematic defunctioning ileostomy after completion proctectomy with IPAA.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ulcerative Colitis Ileostomy - Stoma Procedure: ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with diverting loop ileastomy Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 194 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Is Diverting Loop Ileostomy Necessary in Completion Proctectomy With Ileal Pouch Anal- Anastomosis: A Multicentre, Randomized Study of the GETAID Chirurgie Group. IDEAL Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : September 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental
ileal pouch-anal anastomosis without diverting loop ileostomy
Procedure: ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with diverting loop ileastomy
Defunctioning ileostomy has demonstrated its benefits (rate and seriousness of anastomotic leakage) in cancer for low colorectal and coloanal anastomoses, whereas there are no such good quality evidences in case of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) performed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most surgical teams do protect systematically IPAA by an ileostomy.

Active Comparator: Control
ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with diverting loop ileostomy
Procedure: ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with diverting loop ileastomy
Defunctioning ileostomy has demonstrated its benefits (rate and seriousness of anastomotic leakage) in cancer for low colorectal and coloanal anastomoses, whereas there are no such good quality evidences in case of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) performed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most surgical teams do protect systematically IPAA by an ileostomy.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6-month global postoperative morbidity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

    Number and qualification of surgical and medical complications that may require redmission during the 6 months following the operative procedure:

    • SBO
    • ileostomy prolapse
    • parastomial hernia
    • dehydration
    • skin erosions, that may require readmission
    • anastomotic leakage
    • incisional hernia.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients aged ≥ 18 years,
  • patients presenting with ulcerative colitis or indeterminate colitis requiring completion proctectomy
  • patients who have given informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • indication for total proctocolectomy in one-stage or traditional 2-stage fashion
  • Crohn's disease,
  • pelvic radiotherapy,
  • indication for total mésorectum excision
  • vulnerable patient under the French laws

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03872271


Contacts
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Contact: Laura BEYER, MD 0491968514 laura.beyer@ap-hm.fr
Contact: Camille DELANNOY 0491381878 promotion.interne@ap-hm.fr

Locations
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France
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille
Marseille, France, 13354
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
Investigators
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Study Director: EMILIE GARRIDO PRADALIE AP-HM

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03872271    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019-04
2019-A00687-50 ( Other Identifier: IDRCB number )
First Posted: March 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colitis, Ulcerative
Colitis
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases