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Wharton's Jelly-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Osteoarthritis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03866330
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marek Postula, Medical University of Warsaw

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II study will enroll 100 subjects with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the hip/knee/ glenohumeral joint will be enrolled according to strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects will receive every three months a single dose of at least 10 million of Wharton Jelly derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (WJMSC) form the Polish Stem Cell Bank for 12 months (maximum four doses in total and at least 40 million of WJMSC in total) via ultrasound guided intra-articular injection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis Hip Osteoarthritis Knee Osteoarthritis Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis Biological: Intraarticular injection of WJMSC Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This phase I/II study will enroll 100 subjects with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the hip/knee/ glenohumeral joint will be enrolled according to strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients are selected and sign consent forms, then divided into 3 groups based on clinical presentation. Subjects will receive a single dose of at least 10 million of Wharton Jelly derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (WJMSC) prepared by the Polish Stem Cell Bank every three months for 12 months (maximum four doses in total and at least 40 million of WJMSC in total) via ultrasound guided intra-articular injection. During the study period and 24 months after last injection they will be followed by clinical assessment, laboratory investigations including inflammatory markers and microRNA, as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the injected joint. The investigators will also determine the local and systemic safety of the procedure and therapy with WJMSC.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effectiveness of Wharton's Jelly-derived Stem Cells in Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Knee, Hip or Glenohumeral Joint and Analysis of the Regeneration Processes Based on Inflammatory Markers, microRNAs and Clinical Features
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: osteoarthritis of the knee
Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
Biological: Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
ultrasound guided intra-articular injection of at least 10 million of Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells per procedure

Active Comparator: osteoarthritis of the hip
Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
Biological: Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
ultrasound guided intra-articular injection of at least 10 million of Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells per procedure

Active Comparator: osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint
Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
Biological: Intraarticular injection of WJMSC
ultrasound guided intra-articular injection of at least 10 million of Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells per procedure




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. HIP DISABILITY AND OSTEOARTHRITIS OUTCOME SCORE (HOOS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5)] ]
    Change in HOOS score. HOOS consists of 5 subscales: pain, other symptoms, function in activities of daily living (ADL), and function in sport and recreation (Sport/Rec), and hip-related quality of life (QOL). In total, 40 items: 10 items for pain, 5 items for other symptoms (3 for symptoms and 2 for stiff- ness), 17 items for function in ADL, 4 items for function in Sport/Rec, and 4 items for hip-related QOL. Standardized answer options are given (5 Likert boxes) and each question is scored from 0 to 4. Scores are summarized for each subscale and trans- formed to a 0-100 scale (0 indicating extreme problems and 100 indicating no problems).

  2. Harris Hip Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5)] ]
    Change in Harris Hip Score (HHS) The domains covered are pain, function, absence of deformity, and range of motion. The pain domain measures pain severity and its effect on activities and need for pain medication. The function domain consists of daily activities (stair use, using public transportation, sitting, and managing shoes and socks) and gait (limp, support needed, and walking distance). Deformity takes into account hip flexion, adduction, internal rotation, and extremity length discrepancy. Range of motion measures hip flexion, abduction, external and internal rotation, and adduction. There are 10 items. The score has a maximum of 100 points (best possible outcome) covering pain (1 item, 0-44 points), function (7 items, 0-47 points), absence of deformity (1 item, 4 points), and range of motion (2 items, 5 points).

  3. Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5)] ]

    Change in KOOS score

    It holds 42 items in 5 separately scored subscales; Pain, other Symptoms, Function in daily living (ADL), Function in Sport and Recreation (Sport/Rec), and knee-related Quality of Life (QOL)

    The five patient-relevant subscales of KOOS are scored separately: Pain (nine items); Symptoms (seven items); ADL Function (17 items); Sport and Recreation Function (five items); Quality of Life (four items). A Likert scale is used and all items have five possible answer options scored from 0 (No Problems) to 4 (Extreme Problems). Scores are transformed to a 0-100 scale, with zero representing extreme knee problems and 100 representing no knee problems as common in orthopaedic assessment scales and generic measures.


  4. modified Harris Hip Score for knee [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5)] ]
    Change in modified Harris Hip Score (HHS) The domains covered are pain, function, absence of deformity, and range of motion. The pain domain measures pain severity and its effect on activities and need for pain medication. The function domain consists of daily activities (stair use, using public transportation, sitting, and managing shoes and socks) and gait (limp, support needed, and walking distance). Deformity takes into account hip flexion, adduction, internal rotation, and extremity length discrepancy. Range of motion measures hip flexion, abduction, external and internal rotation, and adduction. There are 10 items. The score has a maximum of 100 points (best possible outcome) covering pain (1 item, 0-44 points), function (7 items, 0-47 points), absence of deformity (1 item, 4 points), and range of motion (2 items, 5 points).

  5. The International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC Questionnaire) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5)] ]

    Change in IKDC Questionnaire score

    The questionnaire looks at 3 categories: symptoms, sports activity, and knee function. The symptoms subscale helps to evaluate things such as pain, stiffness, swelling and giving-way of the knee.

    Scores are obtained by summing the individual items, then transforming the crude total to a scaled number that ranges from 0 to 100. This final number is interpreted as a measure of function with higher scores representing higher levels of function

    The transformed score is interpreted as a measure of function such that higher scores represent higher levels of function and lower levels of symptoms. A score of 100 is interpreted to mean no limitation with activities of daily living or sports activities and the absence of symptoms.


  6. WOMAC (for hip and knee) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5) ]

    Change in WOMAC score. WOMAC score is used to assess patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee using 24 parameters in 5 categories.

    1 Pain 2.Stiffness 3.Physical function 4.Social function 5. Emotional function

    Scoring and Interpretation

    Response : points none - 0 slight 1 moderate 2 severe 3 extreme 4

    score = = summary (points for relevant items) average score = = (total score) / (number of items) Interpretation: minimum total score: 0 maximum total score: 96 minimum pain subscore: 0 maximum pain subscore: 20 minimum stiffness subscore: 0 maximum stiffness subscore: 8 minimum physical function subscore: 0 maximum physical function subscore: 6


  7. Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH] [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5) ]

    Change in DASH score

    The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) outcome measure is a 30-item. The items enquire about the degree of difficulty in performing different physical activities because of arm, shoulder and hand problems (21 items), the severity of each of the symptoms of pain, activity-related pain, tingling, weakness and stiffness (five items) and the impact of the problem on social functioning, work, sleep and self-image (four items).

    The scores are then used to calculate a scale score ranging from 0 (no disability) to 100 (most severe disability

    A minimum score is 30; a maximum is 150. The range of the scores, therefore—from 30 to 150—equals 120. The raw score is then transformed to a zero-to-100 scale with zero reflecting no disability (good function) and 100 reflecting maximum disability.


  8. The Constant-Murley score (CMS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5) ]

    Change in CMS. The Constant-Murley score (CMS) is a 100-points scale composed of a number of individual parameters. These parameters define the level of pain and the ability to carry out the normal daily activities of the patient

    The test is divided into four subscales: pain (15 points), activities of daily living (20 points), strength (25 points) and range of motion: forward elevation, external rotation, abduction and internal rotation of the shoulder (40 points). The higher the score, the higher the quality of the function


  9. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5) ]
    Change in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain in the target hip following completion of treatment cycles. Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control The VAS is a commonly used tool in health outcome studies, when using it to assess importance of certain action or intervention, how we can interpret the results, on 1 to 10 line (where 1; the least and the 10; the highest),


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1. Nature, incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), 9 months (T3), 12 months (T4), 24 months (T5) ]

    Defined as any untoward or undesirable medical occurrence in the form of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, or diseases that emerge or worsen relative to baseline (i.e., if present upon study entry) during the study regardless of causal relationship.

    Methods i. Spontaneous subject reports ii. Subject interview by study personnel iii. Clinical examination during face-to-face clinic follow-ups. Defined as any untoward or undesirable medical occurrence in the form of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, or diseases that emerge or worsen relative to baseline (i.e., if present upon study entry) during the study regardless of causal relationship.

    Methods i. Spontaneous subject reports ii. Subject interview by study personnel iii. Clinical examination during face-to-face clinic follow-ups


  2. 2. Change in radiographic/magnetic resonance joint morphology [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle ]
    Change in radiographic/magnetic resonance joint morphology

  3. 3. Change in cartilage thickness [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle ]
    Cartilage thickness on MRI

  4. 4. Change in cartilage volume [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle ]
    Cartilage volume on MRI

  5. 5. Change in cartilage morphology [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle ]
    Cartilage morphology on MRI

  6. 6. Change in subchondral bone morphology [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle ]
    Subchondral bone morphology (i.e. edema) on MRI

  7. 8. Inflammation monitoring [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle] ]
    Baseline, and 12 months post-treatment cycle based on changes of concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β (pg/ml), IL-6 (pg/ml), IL-8 (pg/ml), IL-11 (pg/ml), CD40L (ng/ml), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha (pg/ml), high-sensivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (mg/dl) and miRNA expression (ug/dl) defined on microarray profilling.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • presence of osteoarthritis of the knee, hip or glenohumeral joint,
  • confirmation cartilage injury, articular cartilage part or full-thickness injury by MR (Magnetic Resonance),
  • joint pain of VAS (visual analog scale score) is 1 or higher while resting, 2 and higher during any physical activity,
  • loss of joint function based on scale specific for certain joints; for hip: HHS scale (Harris Hip Score), HOOS scale (Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC); for knee: modified HHS score (Harris Hip Score), The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), The International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC Questionnaire) and KOOS scale (Osteoarthritis Outcome Score); glenohumeral joint: Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH], CONSTANT score,
  • clinical indication for surgical intervention,
  • no effect of pharmacotherapy according to The World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic ladder lasting at least 6 months,
  • no effect of physical rehabilitation lasting at least 6 months,
  • willing to participate understand and sign the consent form of this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • active inflammatory disease or infection,
  • skin disease/infection around joint,
  • severe heart failure,
  • anemia,
  • active/history of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV), the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection,
  • pregnant or breast-feeding women,
  • mental disease, addiction to drugs or alcohol,
  • participate other clinical experiments in 6 months,
  • refuse to sign the consent form, or cannot keep follow-up visit.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03866330


Contacts
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Contact: Marek Postula, MD, PhD +48605113346 mpostula@wum.edu.pl

Locations
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Poland
Life Clinic Recruiting
Warsaw, Mazovian, Poland, 00-132
Contact: Robert Śmigielski, MD    +48609455055      
Contact: Robert Śmigielski         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Warsaw
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marek Postula, MD, PhD Medical University of Warsaw

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Responsible Party: Marek Postula, Professor, MD, PhD, Medical University of Warsaw
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03866330     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 001/LIFE/2019
First Posted: March 7, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Marek Postula, Medical University of Warsaw:
Osteoarthritis
Wharton Jelly derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Osteoarthritis, Hip
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases