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Pazopanib Effects on Bleeding in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (Paz)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03850964
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cure HHT

Brief Summary:
The investigators will study whether Pazopanib, taken daily for 6 months, will reduce the severity of nose bleeds in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Patients will either be provided drug or a placebo [sugar non-drug pill], and be tested for nose bleed severity throughout the trial, including particularly nose bleed duration. Investigators will also test for blood loss, as well as for safety.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Epistaxis Nosebleed Anemia Drug: Pazopanib Drug: Placebo oral capsule Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Once a single dose pk study is performed to properly establish similar exposure with the prior pilot 50mg tablet, a double blind, placebo controlled study will follow, which proposes to define primarily the value of low dose Pazopanib on nose bleed duration, in the context of assessing perceived nose bleed severity. A 3mth follow-up period will support safety and efficacy elements. Secondary endpoints will be interrogated, including ongoing blood loss, use of iron and blood products, quality of life, and drug safety.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: After at least a 3wk baseline period, patients will be assigned low dose drug or placebo. After 3mths of therapy, if epistaxis duration endpoint has been reached, the drug dose will remain the same… However, if this end point is not reached, and no safety signals have been observed, the dose can be advanced up to double the initial dose. A strong initial trend would still permit continuance of the low dose intervention. Post-study drug discontinuance, a 3 month follow-up time period will continue assessments to define maintenance of effect, and/ or relapse. An interim to adjust total subject number, and potential futility occurs after 12 patients have completed their 24 week dosing period.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Project Manager in operation will also be masked.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Double Blind Study to Evaluate the Effect of Low Dose Pazopanib on Bleeding Due to Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Pazopanib
Pazopanib 50mg oral daily dosing [two 25mg capsules]. If after 3mths primary endpoint not achieved, and safety is maintained, consideration for advance in dose to up to 100mg daily
Drug: Pazopanib
gel capsule, with 25mg-similar fills
Other Name: Votrient

Placebo Comparator: Placebo oral capsule
Drug: Placebo oral capsule
identical gel capsule without active pharmaceutical ingredient
Other Name: cellulose capsule

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in epistaxis duration in minutes [ Time Frame: Cumulative duration of last 3weeks of 24week Rx period compared to last 3 weeks of baseline ]
    A daily electronic recording of each bleed, with start and end times to define per-bleed duration, over the drug dosing period of the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in average gushing frequency [ Time Frame: Cumulative number of gushing bleeds baseline 3weeks, and weeks 22-24. ]
    Patient rated intensity of each bleed, as in 0 or 1, averaged over the 3wk periods

  2. Change in average bleed frequency [ Time Frame: Baseline 3 weeks, and weeks 22-24 ]
    Annotated by electronic record, number of bleeds per day, cumulative amount over 3 week periods.

  3. Absolute [gm/dl] change in average serum hemoglobin levels [ Time Frame: Baseline [screening, run-in and 0 time points] and week 22 and week 24. ]
    Serum values drawn every 3wks

  4. Percent change in blood transfusion frequency [ Time Frame: Baseline 6 weeks and weeks 19-24 weeks ]
    Total packed red blood cells over 6 week periods

  5. Percent change in IV iron infusion frequency [ Time Frame: Baseline 6 weeks and weeks 19-24 of study ]
    IV iron infusion administration over 6 week periods.

  6. Change in the averaged daily per bleed epistaxis severity [ Time Frame: Baseline 3 weeks and last 3 weeks [weeks 22-24] of the study ]
    A specific query on "severity" [0-10] will be asked daily or for each bleed within the current patient reported outcome and averaged over 3 week periods.

  7. Establish the presence of an Active/ safe serum trough drug concentration [ Time Frame: baseline, 3, 6, 12, and 24 weeks. ]
    Samples will be sent for Pazopanib concentrations during the trial, steady state achieved within 3 weeks of time.

  8. Change in composite mental quality of life score [ Time Frame: baseline, 12 and 24 weeks ]
    Short Form Health Survey 36 [range 0-100; with increase suggesting improvement in self-reported perception of mental health [change of 7 points considered clinically relevant]

  9. Increase/ improvement in composite physical quality of life score [ Time Frame: baseline, 12 and 24 weeks ]
    Short Form Health Survey 36 [range 0-100, with higher values representing improvement in self-reported perception of physical health; 7 point change considered clinically significant]

  10. Monitor for a rise in Systolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Daily during the on-drug portion of the study; 24 weeks ]
    Daily electronic measurements, mm mercury, will be evaluated to assess upward trends as part of a safety monitoring, with triggers at 20mm mercury rise, or surpassing bp 140 mm mercury.

  11. Monitor for a rise in Diastolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Daily during the on-drug portion of the study; 24 weeks ]
    Daily electronic measurements, mm mercury, will be evaluated to assess upward trends as part of safety monitoring, with triggers at 10mm mercury rise, or surpassing bp 90mm mercury.

  12. Monitor for a fold rise in alanine aminotransferase [liver function test] elevation [ Time Frame: baseline and every 3 weeks for the 24 weeks of the on-drug portion of the trial ]
    This value will be apprised to monitor for safety, triggered to mandate a drug agent pause once the values reaches a 2 fold elevation

  13. Identify percent change in left ventricular ejection fraction [echo] in at risk patients [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks. ]
    An evaluation of the ejection fraction of the left ventricle will be compared at baseline, and those below 50% will also have one done at 24 weeks to identify reductions of 15% or greater...

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Characterize any change in Iron stores [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks. ]
    Ferritin [normal serum values of 12 ug/ ml to 150 ug/ ml in females, 300 ug/ ml in males]. However, values in below 30 ug/ ml can limit erythropoiesis.

  2. Elucidate changes in Left ventricular stress [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks. ]
    NTproBNP serum assay which serves as a surrogate for left ventricular stress. Values <125 pg/ml is considered normal, with values above 300 pg/ml considered high/ consistent with elements of heart failure.

  3. Change in fatigue composite score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 weeks. ]
    Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System-fatigue queries [0-100 range; targets level of fatigue and impact on physical functioning; 5 point change considered clinically significant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A definite diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is defined as having at least 3 of the following criteria:

    • Spontaneous and recurrent epistaxis.
    • Multiple telangiectasias at characteristic sites: lips, oral cavity, fingers, nose.
    • Visceral lesions: GI telangiectasia, pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral or spinal AVMs.
    • A first degree relative with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia according to these criteria.
  • OR a definite diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is defined as having a gene sequencing diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
  • Epistaxis due to hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia at least 2x per week, for a cumulative duration of at least 25 minutes per week
  • Epistaxis is clinically stable during the 12 weeks prior to screening in the clinical judgment of the investigator (i.e. no major changes in frequency or duration of epistaxis).
  • Participant agrees not to undergo cautery of nasal telangiectasias or take any experimental therapies for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia other than the study drug while participating in the study.
  • Male or female [non-child bearing potential]

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to pazopanib that in the opinion of the investigator contradicts their participation.
  • Currently has untreated cerebral arterio-venous malformations (AVMs), cerebral arteriovenous fistulae, or cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) (Note: MRI scan does not need to be repeated at screening if AVMs, arterio-venous fistulas and CCMs were absent on a scan at age ≥18 years).
  • Currently has perfused pulmonary AVMs with feeding artery diameter >3mm.
  • Known significant bleeding sources other than nasal or gastrointestinal.
  • Systemic use of a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor in the past 3 months or previous enrollment in this study.
  • Active and recent onset of clinically significant diarrhea.
  • Current or recent (in the last 5 years) malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers)
  • Participant has had major surgery (e.g. surgical ligation of an AVM) or trauma within 28 days or had minor surgical procedures (e.g. central venous access line removal) within 7 days prior to dosing, the latter representing a recent wound, fracture or ulcer
  • Participant has a planned surgery during the period to include active treatment and 6 weeks of follow up.
  • Participant has clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities (other than hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia related vascular lesions)
  • Participant during the 6 months prior to first dose of study drug has a history of cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), pulmonary embolism, untreated deep vein thrombosis (DVT), myocardial infarction, or any other thrombotic event.
  • QT corrected interval ≥450 msec, based on averaged QT corrected interval values of triplicate ECGs obtained over a brief recording period
  • Hemoglobin <6 g/dL.
  • Platelets < 100x109/L.
  • International normalized ratio (INR) >1.2x upper limit of normal and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1.2x upper limit of normal.
  • Alanine Transaminase >2x upper limit of normal.
  • Bilirubin >1.5x upper limit of normal (isolated bilirubin >1.5x upper limit of normal is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
  • Participant has poorly controlled hypertension [defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg.
  • Substantive renal disease (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Echo derived left ventricular ejection fraction <30%.
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone > upper limit of normal.
  • Urine protein to creatinine ratio >0.3.
  • Neutrophil count <1500/mm3.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03850964

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Contact: Nicole Schaefer 410-357-9932
Contact: DENNIS L MD SPRECHER, MD 2678792599

Sponsors and Collaborators
Cure HHT
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Principal Investigator: James Gossage, MD Geogia Health Sciences University
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Cure HHT Identifier: NCT03850964    
Other Study ID Numbers: HT2
First Posted: February 22, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Over the first 1 year post study, the participating sites and PI's will produce primary and adjunct reports. After this period, study data will be posted on an available internet site for others to interrogate

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Cure HHT:
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Patient Reported Outcome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Vascular Malformations
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities