Nutritional Interventional in Pediatric Patients With Osteogenesis Imperfecta
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03841188|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 19, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Osteogenesis Imperfecta||Other: Nutritional orientation||Not Applicable|
Nutrition Intervention NI was performed at three nutritional visits (baseline, 6 and 12 months). Clinical features were evaluated at baseline, including anthropometric measurements, basal metabolic rate (BMR), BMD An indirect calorimetry test was performed to estimate the BMR of each participant. Dietary intake was assessed using daily food intake report completed by participants on three non-consecutive days. The frequency of consumption and amount of calcium intake were evaluated using a food frequency questionaire (FFQ) with emphasis on foods rich in calcium. Based on these data, the nutritional needs for each subject were calculated, and personalized food guidance (including recipes rich in calcium) was delivered by mail.
In the second visit, at 6 months after baseline, adaptations were made to food guidance according to the needs of each patient, doubts about feeding were clarified and the importance of a diet rich in calcium was reinforced.
On the third visit, at 12 months after baseline, dietary calcium intake, anthropometric measurements, , BMD were re-evaluated.
Calcium Intake Calcium intake was assessed using an FFQ adapted to calcium intake applied before and after the NI. In the present study, the focus was on the consumption of foods high in calcium, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese. To establish the percentage of the adequacy of intake, the values obtained from the FFQ were compared with the Estimated Average Requirement (EAD) and Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA).
The FFQ for calcium intake was composed of milk (1 cup = 175 ml), 1 yogurt (120 ml), and cheese (1 medium slice = 30 g). These foods were classified according to the consumer (as D, daily; W, weekly, and M, monthly) and indicating the number of times (1 to 10) and the size of the corresponding portion, if greater, equal or less than the given portion (according to a poster with color photos to illustrate the portion size of each food source of calcium).
Consumption of glasses of milk and soda were also evaluated according to quantity and frequency (For milk, 0 = does not consume, 1 = consume < 1 cup per day, 2 = consume 1 to 2 cups/day, and 3 = consume 3 or more cups of milk/day; for soda, 1 = consume daily, 2 = consume only on weekends or 2 times/week, 3 = consumes less than 1 day/week, and 4 = does not consume).
Clinical Data Clinical data were obtained during the enrollment and included age, gender, OI type, use of bisphosphonates, and calcium intake.
Anthropometric Data and Basal Metabolic Rate Anthropometric measurements (weight and height) were measured and evaluated according to the z-score proposed by the World Health Organization WHO. The length was measured in the supine position in children smaller than 1 m and children could not remain in the standing position. Patients over 1.04 m and unable to remain standing were measured in the supine position. BMI was calculated according to the WHO. The BMR was evaluated through indirect calorimetry and the data was published previously.
Bone Mineral Density BMD was determined before and after the intervention using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) on a Lunar DXA (GE Healthcare, San Francisco, USA). Bone mineral content (BMC) (g), lumbar spine BMD (L1-L4), and total body BMC (TB) were calculated and expressed as z-scores.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||52 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Calcium Intake Improvement After Nutritional Intervention in Pediatric Patients With Osteogenesis Imperfecta|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 8, 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 20, 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 10, 2014|
The patients received a nutritional orientation with emphasis in food rich in calcium
Other: Nutritional orientation
Nutritional orientation with emphasis in rich calcium food
- Calcium intake [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Was assessed using an food frequency questionaire adapted to calcium intake
- Consumption of glasses of milk [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Evaluated according to quantity and frequency (For milk, 0 = does not consume, 1 = consume < 1 cup per day, 2 = consume 1 to 2 cups/day, and 3 = consume 3 or more cups of milk/day
- Body mass index [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Calculation divides an children's weight in kilograms by their height in metres squared.Evaluated according to the z-score proposed by the WHO (2006, 2007)
- Bone Mineral Density [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Bone mineral density was assessed thought Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03841188
|Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre|
|Porto Alegre, Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil, 90035-007|
|Principal Investigator:||Elza D Mello, MD, PhD||Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre|