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Food-Specific and Component IgE Threshold Levels That Predict Food Allergy in People With Elevated Total Serum IgE Levels and Atopic Dermatitis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03835767
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also called eczema, makes skin dry, red, and itchy. People with AD are more likely to get a food allergy than people without AD. But some food allergy tests are not always accurate in people with AD. Researchers want to study if people are truly allergic to milk and/or peanuts.

Objectives:

To improve the ways doctors test for food allergy in people with AD.

Eligibility:

People ages 3 21 who have had AD; have a high total IgE level (an allergic antibody); might have a milk and/or peanut allergy; and are currently enrolled in another NIH study

Design:

Participants will be screened under another protocol.

Participants will have a physical exam, blood tests, and medical history.

Participants will breathe into a plastic device that measures lung strength.

Participants may get a small plastic tube inserted in their arm.

Participants who have not had an allergic reaction to food in the past 3 years will do 1 or more oral food challenge (OFCs) depending on their allergies.

They will eat a little bit of the food they might be allergic to.

They will be watched for a reaction. If they have one, they will know for sure they are allergic.

They may keep eating bigger portions of the food until they either have a reaction or finish all the food.

In some OFCs, participants will get a placebo food.

OFCs will last a few hours or 2 days. Participants will repeat all tests at each OFC.

Participation can last up to 12 months.

...


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Milk Allergy Peanut Allergy Other: Peanut flour and Oat flour (placebo for peanut flour) Other: Dry Milk Powder and Corn Starch (placebo for Milk powder) Other: Baked milk and Rice milk (placebo for Baked milk) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Allergy skin prick tests and measurement of food-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels are common but not robust means to diagnose food allergy, so patients may be placed on overly restrictive food elimination diets as a result of false-positive results. Such restrictions can lead to poor weight gain, malnutrition, and negative impact on quality of life. More than half of patients who are sensitized (ie, have a positive IgE test) to a particular food do not react to it during an oral food challenge, the gold standard for diagnosing food allergy. Development of food allergy does not always correlate to food-specific IgE levels. The care of these patients would be dramatically improved if decision points for food-specific or component IgEs could be identified that predict when an immediate hypersensitivity is present. This is especially an issue among patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), the most common chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the skin affecting children. Patients with AD are more likely to develop other allergic conditions, including food allergy and sensitization. AD patients are also likely to have high levels of total serum IgE.

In this study, participants aged 3-21 years (n = 175) with elevated total serum IgE levels and a history of AD will undergo open feedings and/or double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs). Open feedings will be 1- or 2-step, depending on how often the

participant regularly consumes the food at home. There are two DBPCFCs to milk: milk powder or rice milk (placebo) baked into a muffin, and straight milk powder or corn starch (placebo) mixed with a vehicle. The DBPCFC for peanut will be done with peanut flour or oat flour (placebo) mixed with a vehicle. Blood will be collected during the study for measurement of total and component IgEs as well as potential biomarkers of food sensitization vs. immediate hypersensitivity and reaction severity. From these data, we hope to identify diagnostic IgE threshold levels that will inform when oral food challenges are warranted in patients with elevated total serum IgE levels and AD, which is critically needed in the allergy field to facilitate the care of these patients.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Prospective Study to Identify Food-Specific and Component IgE Threshold Levels That Predict Food Allergy in Patients With Elevated Total Serum IgE Levels and Atopic Dermatitis
Actual Study Start Date : April 19, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Milk DBPCFC
There are two double blind placebo controlled food challenges. The first challenge is to baked milk. The following participants will undergo this DBPCFC: -All participants who eat baked milk less than once per month. -Participants who never eat baked milk or straight milk.
Other: Dry Milk Powder and Corn Starch (placebo for Milk powder)
Dry milk powder with 36% protein content is manufactured by Giant Food. Corn starch will be provided by the NIH CC contract food service distributor.

Other: Baked milk and Rice milk (placebo for Baked milk)
Baked milk will be in the form of a muffin provided by the NIH CC Nutrition Department. Rice milk is manufactured by Giant Food.

Experimental: One-Step Open Feeding
Participants who are consuming baked milk, straight milk, and/or peanut products at least once per week will do a one-step oral food challenge.
Other: Peanut flour and Oat flour (placebo for peanut flour)
Peanut flour (12% light roast) with 50% protein content is manufactured by Byrd Mill. Oat flour is manufactured by Bob's Red Mill.

Other: Dry Milk Powder and Corn Starch (placebo for Milk powder)
Dry milk powder with 36% protein content is manufactured by Giant Food. Corn starch will be provided by the NIH CC contract food service distributor.

Other: Baked milk and Rice milk (placebo for Baked milk)
Baked milk will be in the form of a muffin provided by the NIH CC Nutrition Department. Rice milk is manufactured by Giant Food.

Experimental: Peanut DBPCFC
The DBPCFC for peanut allergy will be done with either peanut flour or a placebo (oat flour). The following participants will undergo this DBPCFC: -All participants who eat peanut less than once per month -Participants who never eat peanut
Other: Peanut flour and Oat flour (placebo for peanut flour)
Peanut flour (12% light roast) with 50% protein content is manufactured by Byrd Mill. Oat flour is manufactured by Bob's Red Mill.

Experimental: Two-Step Open Feeding
Participants who consume baked milk, straight milk, and/or peanut products less than once per week but at least once per month will do a two step open oral food challenge.
Other: Peanut flour and Oat flour (placebo for peanut flour)
Peanut flour (12% light roast) with 50% protein content is manufactured by Byrd Mill. Oat flour is manufactured by Bob's Red Mill.

Other: Dry Milk Powder and Corn Starch (placebo for Milk powder)
Dry milk powder with 36% protein content is manufactured by Giant Food. Corn starch will be provided by the NIH CC contract food service distributor.

Other: Baked milk and Rice milk (placebo for Baked milk)
Baked milk will be in the form of a muffin provided by the NIH CC Nutrition Department. Rice milk is manufactured by Giant Food.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Allergy to milk and peanut status; allowing for estimation of IgE thresholds that determine a subgroup with at least 50% chance of tolerance in patients with elevated total serum IgE levels and history of AD. [ Time Frame: Oral Food Challenge Visits ]
    To estimate ROC curves for food specific and component IgE threshold levels in patients with elevated total serum IgE and a history of AD, to determine a subgroup with at least a 50% likelihood of tolerance to peanut and/or milk, via use of oral food challenges, and to estimate other diagnostic metrics (sensitivity and specificity) associated with this 50% risk threshold.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Basophil and mast cell reactivity and other exploratory markers. [ Time Frame: Oral Food Challenge Visits ]
    To investigate the correlation between food-specific and/or component IgE values and other potential diagnostic tests for food allergy, including in vitro basophil and/or mast cell activation tests.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Individuals must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible for study participation:

  1. Aged 3-21 years.
  2. Currently enrolled on study 15-I-0162, Natural History and Genetics of Food Allergy and Related Conditions.
  3. Has a total serum IgE level greater than or equal to 1000 kU/L at time of screening.
  4. Has a history of AD based on self-report or physician assessment.
  5. Willing to undergo an oral food challenge to both placebo and test food.
  6. Willing to allow storage of blood samples for future use in medical research.
  7. Willing to allow genetic testing to be conducted on blood samples.
  8. Has a primary care physician or other physician who will manage all health conditions related or unrelated to the study objectives.
  9. Be willing to discontinue any medication (eg, oral antihistamines and oral steroids) that might interfere with the oral food challenge procedure within an appropriate time frame.
  10. Able to provide informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITIERIA:

Individuals meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from study participation:

  1. Pregnant.
  2. Documented allergy or other contraindication to rice, corn, or oat products.
  3. Known genetic disorder that causes an elevation in total IgE level or one that could affect the severity of an anaphylactic response.
  4. Known cardiac disease.
  5. Current use of a beta-blocker.
  6. Active eosinophilic gastrointestinal (GI) disorder including eosinophilic esophagitis, currently symptomatic, unless they are currently on treatment and have had a negative esophageal biopsy via endoscopy within the past 6 months, and/or unless the study food is already in the participants diets..
  7. Current or recent (within previous 2 months) use of omalizumab or dupilumab.
  8. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates participation in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03835767


Contacts
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Contact: Caeden Dempsey (301) 761-7887 caeden.dempsey@nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Pamela A Guerrerio, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03835767     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 190053
19-I-0053
First Posted: February 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2019
Last Verified: April 10, 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Oral Food Challenge
Atopic Dermatitis
Milk
Peanut
Food Allergy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dermatitis
Hypersensitivity
Dermatitis, Atopic
Eczema
Food Hypersensitivity
Peanut Hypersensitivity
Milk Hypersensitivity
Skin Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Nut and Peanut Hypersensitivity